General profile: Finland

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
5.523 Millions
0.847 EUR/US$
274 665 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 303 910 km²
1.08 %
2.30 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+11.4 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
65 498
69 518
59 817
75 841
Merchandise imports
58 766
68 803
60 430
78 636
Merchandise trade balance
6 732
715
-612
-2 794
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %73 %73 %9 %9 %6 %6 %9 %9 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
11 1567 6914 8824 8604 10111 1567 6914 8824 8604 101
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
(e) 11 880
20 792
25 624
(e) 32 704
Services imports
18 922
27 543
28 836
(e) 35 474
Services trade balance
(e) -7 042
-6 750
-3 212
(e) -2 770
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
-
15.5
13.6
(e) 15.0
Travel
-
14.6
10.0
(e) 11.0
Other services
-
66.4
69.5
(e) 66.8
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
108108107107100100100100989896969595989810110195951261261311311271271171171171171171171171171161161181189797989810010010010096969595949495959898999997971011019999101101101101105105109109107107108108108107100100989695981019512613112711711711711711611897981001009695949598999710199101101105109107108
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.3 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
204 431
247 800
232 465
274 665
GDP per capita, current US$
38 873
46 181
42 412
49 735
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
2.78
2.99
0.14
2.30
Current account balance, % of GDP
3.05
1.09
-0.72
-1.60
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.847
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
54.422.922.638.538.254.422.922.638.538.2
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
4 750.16
7 358.83
1 483.93
1 225.23
FDI outflows
4 222.60
10 167.18
-16 583.86
10 960.94
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.34
0.36
0.37
0.34
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
944.9944.9880.6880.6832.1832.1865.2865.2907.0907.0973.2973.2862.4862.4755.6755.6894.0894.0865.1865.1959.2959.2806.1806.1714.5714.5692.6692.6666.0666.0526.0526.0477.0477.0491.0491.0473.0473.01 2251 225-610-6109 2509 2501 4841 48418 30418 304-169-1694 1544 1542 5502 5507 3597 359718718-1 144-1 14412 45112 4517 6527 6524 7504 7502 8272 8273 3193 3198 0468 0463 7323 7328 8348 834944.9880.6832.1865.2907.0973.2862.4755.6894.0865.1959.2806.1714.5692.6666.0526.0477.0491.0473.01 225-6109 2501 48418 304-1694 1542 5507 359718-1 14412 4517 6524 7502 8273 3198 0463 7328 834FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
(e) 0.90
1.25
-0.46
(e) -0.57
Balance, % of imports
(e) 2.49
3.34
-1.25
(e) -1.45
Normalized balance
(e) 0.012
0.016
-0.006
(e) -0.007
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
7977737375798079767186838273
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
53%Male 53%Female
47%Female 47%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.054 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1 113
1 171
1 194
1 034
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
13.90
16.24
15.16
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 223 702
1 812 381
1 592 090
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
20.29
6.36
2.46
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
14.29
8.23
6.89
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 7.69
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019