General profile: Finland

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
5.503 Millions
0.904 EUR/US$
238 503 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
0.36 %
1.93 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-3.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
65 498
69 518
59 859
57 618
Merchandise imports
58 766
68 803
60 454
60 873
Merchandise trade balance
6 732
715
-595
-3 254
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %75 %75 %8 %8 %5 %5 %8 %8 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
7 3646 0834 1533 7343 2347 3646 0834 1533 7343 234
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
18 200
27 839
25 903
(e) 25 439
Services imports
18 922
27 317
28 171
28 369
Services trade balance
-722
522
-2 268
(e) -2 930
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
-
11.6
13.3
11.8
Travel
-
10.9
9.9
10.7
Other services
-
49.8
70.5
(e) 71.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
878788888686848483838585878783831091091141141101101011011011011011011011019898100100939394949090898988889090939394949292969693939595959599991021029999100100878886848385878310911411010110110110198100939490898890939492969395959910299100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
204 431
247 800
232 439
238 503
GDP per capita, current US$
38 873
46 181
42 401
43 339
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
2.78
2.99
-0.01
1.93
Current account balance, % of GDP
3.05
1.24
-0.60
-1.09
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.904
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
55.324.420.936.537.055.324.420.936.537.0
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+9.7 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
4 750.16
7 358.83
1 568.03
42.03
FDI outflows
4 222.60
10 167.18
-16 028.58
22 760.18
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.34
0.36
0.35
0.34
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
807.6807.6806.3806.3973.7973.7973.2973.2862.4862.4755.6755.6894.0894.0865.1865.1959.2959.2806.1806.1714.5714.5692.6692.6666.0666.0526.0526.0477.0477.0491.0491.0473.0473.042421 5681 56818 30418 304-169-1694 1544 1542 5502 5507 3597 359718718-1 144-1 14412 45112 4517 6527 6524 7504 7502 8272 8273 3193 3198 0468 0463 7323 7328 8348 834807.6806.3973.7973.2862.4755.6894.0865.1959.2806.1714.5692.6666.0526.0477.0491.0473.0421 56818 304-1694 1542 5507 359718-1 14412 4517 6524 7502 8273 3198 0463 7328 834FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
3.99
1.41
-0.04
(e) -0.96
Balance, % of imports
11.02
3.78
-0.10
(e) -2.66
Normalized balance
0.052
0.019
-0.001
(e) -0.013
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
717475788079767186838276
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
52%Male 52%Female
48%Female 48%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.065 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1 113
1 171
1 194
1 177
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
10.16
8.36
9.61
14.85
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 097 530
1 416 985
1 513 174
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
20.29
6.36
2.46
2.69
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
14.29
8.23
6.89
7.29
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(l) 7.69
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
l
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 18 April 2018