General profile: Finland

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
5.523 Millions
0.887 EUR/US$
251 841 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 303 890 km²
0.75 %
2.70 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+17.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
65 498
69 518
59 817
68 070
Merchandise imports
58 766
68 803
60 430
70 544
Merchandise trade balance
6 732
715
-612
-2 475
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %74 %74 %9 %9 %6 %6 %8 %8 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
9 3996 8554 4804 3643 7969 3996 8554 4804 3643 796
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
18 200
27 839
25 760
(e) 29 137
Services imports
18 922
27 317
28 836
(e) 30 920
Services trade balance
-722
522
-3 075
(e) -1 783
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
-
11.6
14.1
(e) 14.5
Travel
-
10.9
10.0
(e) 10.2
Other services
-
49.8
69.1
(e) 68.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
909084848484838381818080838385858181107107111111108108999999999999999998981001009191929293938989888887878888919192929090949492929393939398981011019999100100908484838180838581107111108999999999810091929389888788919290949293939810199100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.7 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
204 431
247 800
232 439
251 841
GDP per capita, current US$
38 873
46 181
42 401
45 597
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
2.78
2.99
-0.01
2.70
Current account balance, % of GDP
3.05
1.09
-0.73
0.72
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.887
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
55.224.021.935.236.555.224.021.935.236.5
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.7 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
4 750.16
7 358.83
1 483.93
1 327.90
FDI outflows
4 222.60
10 167.18
-16 583.88
1 726.82
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.34
0.36
0.35
0.33
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
821.1821.1804.4804.4806.3806.3907.0907.0973.2973.2862.4862.4755.6755.6894.0894.0865.1865.1959.2959.2806.1806.1714.5714.5692.6692.6666.4666.4526.0526.0476.7476.7490.6490.6472.7472.71 3281 32811 64411 6441 4841 48418 30418 304-169-1694 1544 1542 5502 5507 3597 359718718-1 144-1 14412 45112 4517 6527 6524 7504 7502 8272 8273 3193 3198 0468 0463 7323 7328 8348 834821.1804.4806.3907.0973.2862.4755.6894.0865.1959.2806.1714.5692.6666.4526.0476.7490.6472.71 32811 6441 48418 304-1694 1542 5507 359718-1 14412 4517 6524 7502 8273 3198 0463 7328 834FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
3.99
4.18
-0.48
(e) 0.27
Balance, % of imports
11.02
11.21
-1.29
(e) 0.72
Normalized balance
0.052
0.053
-0.006
(e) 0.004
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
77737375808281797490878576
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
52%Male 52%Female
48%Female 48%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.064 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1 113
1 171
1 194
1 187
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
10.16
8.36
9.61
12.60
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 223 702
1 812 381
1 920 800
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
20.29
6.36
2.46
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
14.29
8.23
6.89
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 7.69
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 19 November 2018