General profile: Belgium

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
11.372 Millions
0.904 EUR/US$
469 342 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
1.97 %
1.40 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-0.3 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
334 400
407 692
396 909
395 881
Merchandise imports
318 700
391 177
375 149
367 378
Merchandise trade balance
15 700
16 515
21 760
28 502
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
8 %8 %74 %74 %7 %7 %10 %10 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
66 35561 28744 72635 41723 04366 35561 28744 72635 41723 043
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
59 226
98 342
113 077
(e) 111 017
Services imports
54 136
87 616
105 569
(e) 107 417
Services trade balance
5 091
10 727
7 508
(e) 3 601
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
-
27.1
21.2
(e) 21.4
Travel
-
11.6
10.6
(e) 10.7
Other services
-
55.6
63.7
(e) 64.1
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
139139134134131131127127124124126126124124117117129129135135127127122122120120112112112112103103100100969696969595949494949595979799999797100100989899991001001011011011011001001001001391341311271241261241171291351271221201121121031009696959494959799971009899100101101100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.4 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
387 356
483 549
455 107
469 342
GDP per capita, current US$
36 676
44 241
40 278
41 272
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
2.09
2.70
1.50
1.40
Current account balance, % of GDP
1.99
1.65
-0.05
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.904
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
51.223.923.282.981.351.223.923.282.981.3
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.9 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
34 370.49
43 230.54
21 244.17
33 102.70
FDI outflows
32 658.06
-8 312.09
30 356.27
18 269.20
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.78
2.14
2.19
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
9 933.99 933.911 450.311 450.311 234.211 234.210 625.810 625.811 065.611 065.610 350.510 350.510 638.410 638.410 479.610 479.68 993.58 993.57 266.07 266.06 887.76 887.76 557.26 557.25 773.45 773.44 530.033 10333 10321 24421 244-8 958-8 95825 12525 1256 5166 51678 25878 25843 23143 23165 38165 381-12 272-12 27293 42993 42958 89358 89334 37034 37043 55843 55833 47633 47616 25116 25188 20388 20388 73988 7399 933.911 450.311 234.210 625.811 065.610 350.510 638.410 479.68 993.57 266.06 887.76 557.25 773.433 10321 244-8 95825 1256 51678 25843 23165 381-12 27293 42958 89334 37043 55833 47616 25188 20388 739FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
2.44
1.28
2.28
(e) 2.15
Balance, % of imports
3.40
1.70
2.90
(e) 2.67
Normalized balance
0.017
0.008
0.014
(e) 0.013
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
163159165164164163152136159153149146
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.461 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
6 815 000 000
6 575 051 000
8 658 026 000
8 321 974 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
74.17
84.00
86.96
88.64
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
10 984 824
(e) 11 187 265
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.86
2.33
2.08
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.64
3.53
2.96
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(l) 5.71
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
l
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017