General profile: Poland

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
38.593 Millions
3.943 PLN/US$
465 102 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
-0.61 %
2.60 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
89 437
159 724
199 192
202 522
Merchandise imports
101 639
178 049
196 584
197 312
Merchandise trade balance
-12 201
-18 325
2 608
5 210
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
7 %7 %80 %80 %13 %13 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
53 03412 98012 75010 7859 42253 03412 98012 75010 7859 422
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
18 157
35 441
45 129
(e) 49 010
Services imports
15 695
31 073
33 025
(e) 33 847
Services trade balance
2 462
4 368
12 104
(e) 15 163
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
30.2
25.1
26.6
(e) 26.3
Travel
34.7
27.1
23.2
(e) 22.4
Other services
25.2
40.8
40.0
(e) 41.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
397397384384355355329329304304297297283283252252269269254254227227195195174174141141127127115115100100101101100100999999999898999910210210410410110110210210210210310310510510310310410410210210010039738435532930429728325226925422719517414112711510010110099999899102104101102102103105103104102100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.6 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
306 127
479 321
477 066
465 102
GDP per capita, current US$
7 959
12 426
12 355
12 051
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.49
3.61
3.94
2.60
Current account balance, % of GDP
-2.61
-5.40
-0.24
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
3.235
3.015
3.770
3.943
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
58.518.020.449.646.558.518.020.449.646.5
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.4 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
8 203.22
12 796.27
13 472.40
11 357.85
FDI outflows
1 346.74
6 147.18
3 216.21
6 435.97
Personal remittances, % of GDP
2.13
1.60
1.45
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
6 784.06 784.07 409.07 409.07 400.07 400.06 989.06 989.07 712.07 712.07 659.07 659.08 174.08 174.010 475.010 475.010 468.010 468.08 486.08 486.06 471.06 471.04 724.04 724.02 284.02 284.01 685.01 685.01 563.01 563.01 496.01 496.011 35811 35813 47213 47214 26914 2693 6253 62512 42412 42415 92515 92512 79612 79610 03910 03912 28312 28319 83619 83614 57714 5778 2038 20312 14012 1403 9823 9824 0304 0305 5795 5799 4459 4456 784.07 409.07 400.06 989.07 712.07 659.08 174.010 475.010 468.08 486.06 471.04 724.02 284.01 685.01 563.01 496.011 35813 47214 2693 62512 42415 92512 79610 03912 28319 83614 5778 20312 1403 9824 0305 5799 445FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-1.01
-2.11
3.05
(e) 3.72
Balance, % of imports
-2.83
-5.01
6.57
(e) 7.62
Normalized balance
-0.014
-0.026
0.032
(e) 0.037
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
1019694918987827581817870
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
55%Male 55%Female
45%Female 45%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.006 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
101 000 000
130 867 000
107 385 000
100 863 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
7.53
26.18
51.19
52.50
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 045 232
(e) 2 051 718
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.98
9.63
8.12
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
7.92
9.81
9.79
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017