General profile: China

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
1 427.648 Millions
6.616 CNY/US$
13 605 253 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 9 388 210 km²
2.07 %
6.59 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+9.9 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
761 953
1 577 754
2 273 468
2 486 695
Merchandise imports
659 953
1 396 247
1 679 564
2 135 748
Merchandise trade balance
102 000
181 507
593 904
350 947
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
7 %7 %93 %93 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
476 567301 120146 299108 58583 501476 567301 120146 299108 58583 501
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
78 469
(e) 178 339
218 634
266 841
Services imports
83 971
(e) 193 401
435 541
525 040
Services trade balance
-5 502
(e) -15 063
-216 907
-258 199
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
19.7
19.2
17.7
15.9
Travel
37.3
25.7
20.6
14.8
Other services
26.0
(e) 41.0
50.8
60.1
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
103103102102101101100100909083837676717167675858606058584949404033332727202017171616919194941001001001009090878786868585898998989191969697979696989810010010010010510510810810310210110090837671675860584940332720171691941001009087868589989196979698100100105108
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+6.6 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
2 285 960
6 100 648
11 064 687
13 605 253
GDP per capita, current US$
1 718
4 457
7 865
9 530
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
11.39
10.64
6.90
6.59
Current account balance, % of GDP
5.79
3.90
2.75
0.36
Exchange rate (/US$)
8.194
6.770
6.227
6.616
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
38.414.343.619.818.038.414.343.619.818.0
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
72 406.00
114 734.00
135 610.00
139 043.49
FDI outflows
12 261.17
68 811.31
145 667.15
129 830.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.03
0.86
0.58
0.50
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
67 413.667 413.663 859.763 859.761 000.061 000.063 937.663 937.662 332.362 332.359 491.359 491.357 986.657 986.661 576.261 576.252 459.652 459.641 600.441 600.447 742.847 742.838 395.038 395.027 565.227 565.223 625.9139 043139 043134 063134 063133 710133 710135 610135 610128 500128 500123 911123 911121 080121 080123 985123 985114 734114 73495 00095 000108 312108 31283 52183 52172 71572 71572 40672 40660 63060 63053 50553 50552 74352 74346 87846 87840 71540 71567 413.663 859.761 000.063 937.662 332.359 491.357 986.661 576.252 459.641 600.447 742.838 395.027 565.2139 043134 063133 710135 610128 500123 911121 080123 985114 73495 000108 31283 52172 71572 40660 63053 50552 74346 87840 715FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
5.20
(e) 3.66
3.25
1.01
Balance, % of imports
18.31
(e) 15.56
17.95
5.38
Normalized balance
0.084
(e) 0.072
0.082
0.026
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
3838373945474851514457626462
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
56%Male 56%Female
44%Female 44%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
4.376 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
29 793
45 157
77 795
84 192
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
121.23
138.88
151.30
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
142 970 010
195 276 751
225 828 900
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
30.72
29.12
26.56
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
25.28
20.40
23.35
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019