General profile: China

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
1 382.323 Millions
6.644 CNY/US$
11 382 057 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
2.00 %
6.70 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-7.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
761 953
1 577 754
2 273 468
2 098 161
Merchandise imports
659 953
1 396 247
1 679 566
1 587 431
Merchandise trade balance
102 000
181 507
593 902
510 730
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %94 %94 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
383 715289 471127 62294 34165 027383 715289 471127 62294 34165 027
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
78 469
(e) 178 339
217 556
208 488
Services imports
83 971
(e) 193 401
435 847
453 014
Services trade balance
-5 502
(e) -15 063
-218 292
-244 526
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
19.7
19.2
17.7
16.2
Travel
37.3
25.7
20.7
21.3
Other services
26.0
(e) 41.0
50.5
51.1
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
635635631631567567522522476476444444424424367367377377367367310310251251206206170170128128107107100100949493938383818180807979828291918484898989898888919193939292979710010063563156752247644442436737736731025120617012810710094938381807982918489898891939297100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+6.7 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
2 308 800
6 066 351
11 158 457
11 382 057
GDP per capita, current US$
1 768
4 524
8 109
8 234
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
11.40
10.60
6.90
6.70
Current account balance, % of GDP
5.73
3.92
2.96
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
8.194
6.770
6.227
6.644
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
38.113.645.121.117.838.113.645.121.117.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.6 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
72 406.00
114 734.00
135 610.00
133 700.00
FDI outflows
12 261.17
68 811.31
127 560.00
183 100.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
0.40
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
44 445.36 641.26 641.24 625.34 625.32 353.12 353.11 209.01 209.0758.1758.1133 700133 700135 610135 610128 500128 500123 911123 911121 080121 080123 985123 985114 734114 73495 00095 000108 312108 31283 52183 52172 71572 71572 40672 40660 63060 63053 50553 50552 74352 74346 87846 87840 71540 7156 641.24 625.32 353.11 209.0758.1133 700135 610128 500123 911121 080123 985114 73495 000108 31283 52172 71572 40660 63053 50552 74346 87840 715FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
5.40
(e) 3.81
3.21
2.19
Balance, % of imports
19.21
(e) 16.14
17.87
12.81
Normalized balance
0.088
(e) 0.075
0.082
0.060
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
363945464851514557626462
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
56%Male 56%Female
44%Female 44%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
4.221 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
29 793 000 000
45 157 339 000
77 795 128 000
76 199 638 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
108.29
143.57
167.13
167.48
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
130 290 443
(e) 181 635 245
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
30.72
29.12
26.63
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
25.28
20.40
23.46
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017