General profile: Sri Lanka

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
20.811 Millions
145.582 LKR/US$
83 795 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
3.99 %
4.90 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-1.6 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
6 347
8 602
10 505
(e) 10 340
Merchandise imports
8 834
13 512
18 935
(e) 19 190
Merchandise trade balance
-2 487
-4 909
-8 430
(e) -8 850
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
7 %7 %69 %69 %24 %24 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
2 8101 0457535104292 8101 045753510429
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
1 540
2 474
6 397
(e) 7 138
Services imports
(e) 2 886
(e) 4 323
(e) 5 965
(e) 6 199
Services trade balance
(e) -1 346
(e) -1 849
(e) 431
(e) 939
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
43.7
46.9
32.9
(e) 31.5
Travel
27.9
23.3
46.6
(e) 49.3
Other services
28.4
29.8
20.5
(e) 19.2
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
177177172172163163145145127127130130134134129129126126138138127127130130126126120120979794941001001131131101101071071031039898100100110110112112969610810810810811411411911912212210110110210210010017717216314512713013412912613812713012612097941001131101071039810011011296108108114119122101102100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
27 932
56 726
82 316
83 795
GDP per capita, current US$
1 430
2 808
3 974
4 027
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
6.24
8.02
4.79
4.90
Current account balance, % of GDP
-2.33
-1.90
-2.44
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
100.498
113.064
135.857
145.582
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
68.68.830.120.528.068.68.830.120.528.0
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
272.00
477.60
679.66
898.08
FDI outflows
38.00
42.50
53.96
236.81
Personal remittances, % of GDP
8.09
8.32
9.19
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
6 999.76 999.77 036.37 036.36 422.26 422.25 999.65 999.65 153.05 153.04 123.14 123.13 336.73 336.72 924.52 924.52 507.32 507.32 166.82 166.81 975.51 975.51 573.81 573.81 423.51 423.51 296.11 296.11 169.81 169.81 154.31 154.389889868068089489493393394194195695647847840440475275260360348048027227222322319919919219282821751756 999.77 036.36 422.25 999.65 153.04 123.13 336.72 924.52 507.32 166.81 975.51 573.81 423.51 296.11 169.81 154.389868089493394195647840475260348027222319919282175FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
(e) -10.66
(e) -9.39
(e) -9.72
(e) -9.84
Balance, % of imports
(e) -27.40
(e) -32.44
(e) -32.12
(e) -32.10
Normalized balance
(e) -0.159
(e) -0.194
(e) -0.191
(e) -0.191
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
515152525458494558636567
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
67%Male 67%Female
33%Female 33%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.015 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
196 000 000
238 868 000
245 960 000
276 070 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
33.36
40.23
54.43
63.21
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
4 000 000
(e) 4 907 900
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
1.09
0.46
0.35
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.88
2.95
4.22
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017