General profile: Sri Lanka

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
20.877 Millions
152.446 LKR/US$
86 836 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 62 710 km²
7.70 %
3.30 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+10.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
6 347
8 602
10 547
11 360
Merchandise imports
8 834
13 512
18 935
20 980
Merchandise trade balance
-2 487
-4 909
-8 388
-9 619
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
8 %8 %67 %67 %25 %25 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
2 9201 0437905475322 9201 043790547532
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
1 540
2 474
6 397
(e) 7 434
Services imports
(e) 2 886
(e) 4 323
(e) 5 965
(e) 6 528
Services trade balance
(e) -1 346
(e) -1 849
(e) 431
(e) 906
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
43.7
46.9
32.9
(e) 31.7
Travel
27.9
23.3
46.6
(e) 48.7
Other services
28.4
29.8
20.5
(e) 19.6
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
194194178178172172163163145145127127130130134134129129126126138138127127130130126126120120979794941001001161161151151101101071071031039898100100110110112112969610810810810811411411911912212210110110210210010019417817216314512713013412912613812713012612097941001161151101071039810011011296108108114119122101102100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.3 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
27 932
56 726
80 612
86 836
GDP per capita, current US$
1 431
2 808
3 892
4 159
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
6.24
8.02
4.84
3.30
Current account balance, % of GDP
-2.33
-1.90
-2.34
-2.66
Exchange rate (/US$)
100.498
113.064
135.857
152.446
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
67.68.631.521.429.167.68.631.521.429.1
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
272.00
477.60
679.66
1 374.90
FDI outflows
38.00
42.50
52.99
71.53
Personal remittances, % of GDP
7.07
7.27
8.68
8.28
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
7 189.97 189.97 257.47 257.46 999.76 999.77 036.37 036.36 422.26 422.25 999.65 999.65 153.05 153.04 123.14 123.13 336.73 336.72 924.52 924.52 507.32 507.32 166.82 166.81 975.51 975.51 573.81 573.81 423.51 423.51 296.11 296.11 169.81 169.81 154.31 154.31 3751 37589789768068089489493393394194195695647847840440475275260360348048027227222322319919919219282821751757 189.97 257.46 999.77 036.36 422.25 999.65 153.04 123.13 336.72 924.52 507.32 166.81 975.51 573.81 423.51 296.11 169.81 154.31 37589768089493394195647840475260348027222319919282175FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
(e) -10.66
(e) -9.39
(e) -9.82
(e) -8.17
Balance, % of imports
(e) -27.40
(e) -32.44
(e) -31.84
(e) -27.63
Normalized balance
(e) -0.159
(e) -0.194
(e) -0.189
(e) -0.160
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
51525253515458494558636567
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
67%Male 67%Female
33%Female 33%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.021 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
196
239
246
386
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
33.36
40.23
54.43
70.62
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
4 100 000
5 185 000
6 000 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
1.09
0.46
0.35
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.88
2.95
4.22
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 19 November 2018