General profile: Turkey

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
80.745 Millions
3.648 TRY/US$
852 466 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 769 630 km²
11.14 %
7.42 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+10.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
73 476
113 883
143 839
156 993
Merchandise imports
116 774
185 544
207 234
233 800
Merchandise trade balance
-43 298
-71 661
-63 395
-76 807
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
7 %7 %78 %78 %4 %4 %11 %11 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
15 1249 6089 1849 0578 65515 1249 6089 1849 0578 655
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
27 822
36 453
47 040
44 002
Services imports
11 950
19 704
22 812
24 056
Services trade balance
15 872
16 749
24 228
19 946
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
18.2
25.8
31.0
34.3
Travel
69.0
62.0
56.6
51.1
Other services
12.8
12.2
12.0
13.7
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
378378369369338338313313293293289289249249242242235235244244238238208208194194179179155155132132113113100100979710310398989292909089898989929296969292969693939898999998989797989810010037836933831329328924924223524423820819417915513211310097103989290898992969296939899989798100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.4 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
501 423
771 877
859 794
852 466
GDP per capita, current US$
7 384
10 672
10 985
10 558
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
9.01
8.49
6.09
7.42
Current account balance, % of GDP
-4.18
-5.78
-3.73
-5.56
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.344
1.503
2.720
3.648
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
59.814.828.222.024.959.814.828.222.024.9
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
10 031.00
9 086.00
17 716.99
10 864.00
FDI outflows
1 064.00
1 469.00
4 811.09
2 630.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.27
0.24
0.16
0.12
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 045.11 045.11 186.01 186.01 395.01 395.01 739.01 739.01 901.01 901.01 881.01 881.01 883.01 883.01 819.01 819.01 834.01 834.02 439.02 439.02 096.02 096.01 833.01 833.01 368.01 368.0804.0804.0729.0729.01 936.01 936.02 786.02 786.04 560.04 560.010 86410 86412 94212 94217 71717 71712 73912 73913 46313 46313 74513 74516 14216 1429 0869 0868 5858 58519 85119 85122 04722 04720 18520 18510 03110 0312 7852 7851 7021 7021 0821 0823 3523 3529829821 045.11 186.01 395.01 739.01 901.01 881.01 883.01 819.01 834.02 439.02 096.01 833.01 368.0804.0729.01 936.02 786.04 560.010 86412 94217 71712 73913 46313 74516 1429 0868 58519 85122 04720 18510 0312 7851 7021 0823 352982FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
-3.40
-5.13
-2.78
-4.57
Balance, % of imports
-13.83
-20.09
-10.72
-15.65
Normalized balance
-0.074
-0.112
-0.057
-0.085
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
54464951505252464651484846
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
71%Male 71%Female
29%Female 29%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.430 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
7 048
7 878
8 498
8 013
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
27.09
36.10
51.97
56.13
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
6 603 579
8 832 076
9 927 385
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
4.39
1.84
1.47
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
6.12
4.47
5.67
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 19 November 2018