General profile: Turkey

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
79.622 Millions
3.020 TRY/US$
710 756 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
7.78 %
2.00 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-0.9 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
73 476
113 883
143 839
142 557
Merchandise imports
116 774
185 544
207 234
198 610
Merchandise trade balance
-43 298
-71 661
-63 395
-56 053
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
8 %8 %76 %76 %4 %4 %11 %11 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
14 00511 6917 6407 5836 62814 00511 6917 6407 5836 628
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
27 822
36 453
46 888
37 634
Services imports
11 950
19 704
22 680
22 215
Services trade balance
15 872
16 749
24 208
15 419
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
18.2
25.8
30.8
34.6
Travel
69.0
62.0
56.8
49.8
Other services
12.8
12.2
12.1
15.0
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
369369338338313313293293289289249249242242235235244244238238208208194194179179155155132132113113100100103103989892929090898989899292969692929696939398989999989897979898100100369338313293289249242235244238208194179155132113100103989290898992969296939899989798100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.0 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
482 986
731 144
717 888
710 756
GDP per capita, current US$
7 117
10 111
9 126
8 927
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
8.40
9.16
3.98
2.00
Current account balance, % of GDP
-4.34
-6.10
-4.48
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.344
1.503
2.720
3.020
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
68.715.718.528.030.868.715.718.528.030.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.4 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
10 031.00
9 086.00
17 258.54
11 987.00
FDI outflows
1 064.00
1 469.00
4 806.82
2 869.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
(g) 0.28
0.25
0.19
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 395.01 395.01 739.01 739.01 901.01 901.01 881.01 881.01 883.01 883.01 819.01 819.01 834.01 834.02 439.02 439.02 096.02 096.01 833.01 833.01 368.011 98711 98717 25917 25912 45812 45812 77112 77113 63113 63116 14216 1429 0869 0868 5858 58519 85119 85122 04722 04720 18520 18510 03110 0312 7852 7851 7021 7021 0821 0823 3523 3529829821 395.01 739.01 901.01 881.01 883.01 819.01 834.02 439.02 096.01 833.011 98717 25912 45812 77113 63116 1429 0868 58519 85122 04720 18510 0312 7851 7021 0823 352982FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-3.53
-5.41
-3.33
-3.57
Balance, % of imports
-13.83
-20.09
-10.73
-11.91
Normalized balance
-0.074
-0.112
-0.057
-0.063
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
565960585856484853505048
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
71%Male 71%Female
29%Female 29%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.475 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
7 048 000 000
7 877 980 000
8 497 845 000
8 568 213 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
27.09
36.10
51.97
49.61
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
5 574 018
(e) 7 622 559
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
4.39
1.84
1.47
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
6.12
4.47
5.67
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
g
Break.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017