General profile: Estonia

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
1.312 Millions
0.904 EUR/US$
23 338 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
0.15 %
2.06 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.6 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
7 716
11 591
12 836
13 169
Merchandise imports
10 238
12 287
14 534
14 936
Merchandise trade balance
-2 523
-696
-1 698
-1 766
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %72 %72 %9 %9 %7 %7 %10 %10 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
2 3532 1061 3071 2097882 3532 1061 3071 209788
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
3 473
4 718
5 771
(e) 6 108
Services imports
2 257
2 950
3 884
(e) 4 191
Services trade balance
1 216
1 768
1 887
(e) 1 917
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
36.9
39.5
33.2
(e) 28.6
Travel
28.0
22.6
24.7
(e) 25.1
Other services
25.2
34.7
35.8
(e) 39.9
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
254254242242249249252252253253253253203203164164191191196196196196166166134134115115106106104104100100888887878787888887879090919192928888919190909393959596961011011021021001002542422492522532532031641911961961661341151061041008887878887909192889190939596101102100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
14 003
19 503
22 567
23 338
GDP per capita, current US$
10 330
14 640
17 157
17 782
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
9.58
2.26
1.67
2.06
Current account balance, % of GDP
-9.90
1.76
2.20
2.10
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.904
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
51.920.324.978.674.651.920.324.978.674.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
2 799.17
1 508.54
129.70
870.45
FDI outflows
662.83
167.13
322.70
478.69
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.89
1.83
1.99
2.11
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
480.6480.6446.3446.3543.7543.7567.6567.6460.8460.8438.4438.4357.2357.2339.8339.8362.3362.3411.0411.0401.9401.9264.1264.1166.9166.951.251.219.119.111.011.04.14.18708701301306046047507501 5651 5651 0051 0051 5091 5091 8391 8391 8301 8302 3112 3111 3341 3342 7992 799957957928928289289539539391391480.6446.3543.7567.6460.8438.4357.2339.8362.3411.0401.9264.1166.951.219.111.04.18701306047501 5651 0051 5091 8391 8302 3111 3342 799957928289539391FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-5.09
6.31
4.16
(e) 4.47
Balance, % of imports
-7.17
9.19
5.60
(e) 5.99
Normalized balance
-0.037
0.044
0.027
(e) 0.029
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
154153162165169167144117138135137137
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
50%Male 50%Female
50%Female 50%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.004 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
164
99
67
80
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
6.52
5.73
5.31
6.60
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
226 457
208 784
202 327
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
17.04
7.95
11.91
12.53
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
13.04
9.64
11.21
11.52
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(l) 4.81
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
l
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 18 April 2018