General profile: Estonia

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
1.310 Millions
0.887 EUR/US$
25 932 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 42 390 km²
3.42 %
4.90 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+10.3 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
7 716
11 591
12 829
14 541
Merchandise imports
10 238
12 287
14 525
16 632
Merchandise trade balance
-2 523
-696
-1 696
-2 091
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %69 %69 %10 %10 %7 %7 %10 %10 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
2 3381 9541 5791 3221 0532 3381 9541 5791 3221 053
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
3 473
4 718
5 808
(e) 6 832
Services imports
2 257
2 950
3 957
(e) 4 669
Services trade balance
1 216
1 768
1 851
(e) 2 162
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
36.9
39.5
31.9
(e) 29.5
Travel
28.0
22.6
25.0
(e) 23.7
Other services
25.2
34.7
36.8
(e) 40.8
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
222222214214204204209209212212212212213213171171138138161161164164164164139139113113120120109109106106100100959596969494949495959494979798989898959597979494969698989898100100104104100100222214204209212212213171138161164164139113120109106100959694949594979898959794969898100104100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
14 003
19 503
22 567
25 932
GDP per capita, current US$
10 330
14 640
17 157
19 801
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
9.58
2.26
1.67
4.90
Current account balance, % of GDP
-9.90
1.76
1.94
3.18
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.887
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
52.820.724.279.075.152.820.724.279.075.1
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
2 799.17
1 508.54
12.97
784.43
FDI outflows
662.83
167.13
156.11
18.59
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.89
1.83
2.02
2.16
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
559.3559.3478.7478.7455.9455.9544.5544.5567.6567.6460.8460.8438.4438.4357.2357.2339.8339.8362.3362.3411.0411.0401.9401.9264.178478491591513136556557697691 5651 5651 0051 0051 5091 5091 8391 8391 8301 8302 3112 3111 3341 3342 7992 799957957928928289289539539391391559.3478.7455.9544.5567.6460.8438.4357.2339.8362.3411.0401.9784915136557691 5651 0051 5091 8391 8302 3111 3342 799957928289539391FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
-5.09
6.31
4.00
(e) 4.56
Balance, % of imports
-7.17
9.19
5.36
(e) 6.21
Normalized balance
-0.037
0.044
0.026
(e) 0.030
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
152154153162166169167144117138135137137
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
50%Male 50%Female
50%Female 50%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.005 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
164
99
67
84
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
6.52
5.73
5.31
7.30
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
152 000
208 700
215 500
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
17.04
7.95
11.91
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
13.04
9.64
11.21
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 4.81
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 19 November 2018