General profile: Germany

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
82.114 Millions
0.887 EUR/US$
3 676 951 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 348 540 km²
1.74 %
2.50 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+8.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
970 914
1 258 924
1 326 765
1 448 302
Merchandise imports
777 073
1 054 814
1 051 392
1 167 035
Merchandise trade balance
193 842
204 110
275 373
281 267
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %89 %89 %6 %6 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
126 360118 77397 77494 81991 278126 360118 77397 77494 81991 278
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
159 418
225 014
273 008
(e) 304 058
Services imports
209 867
263 280
293 639
(e) 323 647
Services trade balance
-50 449
-38 265
-20 631
(e) -19 589
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
23.4
24.8
20.5
(e) 20.4
Travel
18.3
15.4
13.5
(e) 13.1
Other services
53.3
56.1
60.8
(e) 61.1
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
159159154154146146139139138138139139135135121121139139143143133133125125122122112112108108104104100100102102100100979794949292939396969999939395959595989810110110210210210210010010010015915414613913813913512113914313312512211210810410010210097949293969993959598101102102100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.5 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
2 861 339
3 417 095
3 375 611
3 676 951
GDP per capita, current US$
35 035
42 241
41 313
44 778
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
0.71
4.08
1.74
2.50
Current account balance, % of GDP
4.60
5.65
8.57
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.887
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
53.319.619.246.138.153.319.619.246.138.1
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.2 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
(n) 47 449.80
(n) 65 642.99
(n) 33 276.35
(n) 34 726.28
FDI outflows
(n) 74 543.07
(n) 125 450.81
(n) 108 177.34
(n) 82 336.48
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.24
0.37
0.46
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
15 715.415 715.415 362.115 362.117 051.117 051.116 343.416 343.415 898.415 898.416 609.016 609.012 791.612 791.612 333.312 333.310 974.010 974.09 769.99 769.97 482.37 482.36 867.16 867.16 580.66 580.65 779.75 779.74 686.24 686.23 931.33 931.33 639.93 639.934 72634 72616 98216 98233 27633 2764 8634 86315 57315 57328 18128 18167 51467 51465 64365 64323 80623 8068 1278 12780 21280 21255 65555 65547 45047 450-10 192-10 19232 37732 37753 52253 52226 40226 402198 279198 27915 715.415 362.117 051.116 343.415 898.416 609.012 791.612 333.310 974.09 769.97 482.36 867.16 580.65 779.74 686.23 931.33 639.934 72616 98233 2764 86315 57328 18167 51465 64323 8068 12780 21255 65547 450-10 19232 37753 52226 402198 279FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
5.06
5.13
7.97
(e) 7.61
Balance, % of imports
15.49
13.83
20.51
(e) 19.21
Normalized balance
0.072
0.065
0.093
(e) 0.088
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
87848684858685797181797770
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.565 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
9 381
17 570
12 538
10 523
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
78.41
90.88
97.79
85.91
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
14 715 340
19 139 033
19 447 600
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
7.90
5.09
4.65
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
11.50
9.16
8.44
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 4.12
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
n
Directional basis calculated from asset/liability basis.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 14 August 2018