General profile: Germany

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
80.682 Millions
0.904 EUR/US$
3 431 630 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
0.48 %
1.80 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
970 914
1 258 924
1 326 765
1 339 647
Merchandise imports
777 073
1 054 814
1 051 392
1 054 891
Merchandise trade balance
193 842
204 110
275 373
284 755
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %89 %89 %6 %6 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
118 605110 66994 07686 83685 350118 605110 66994 07686 83685 350
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
159 418
225 014
264 577
(e) 272 738
Services imports
209 867
263 280
299 213
(e) 312 074
Services trade balance
-50 449
-38 265
-34 636
(e) -39 336
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
23.4
24.8
19.8
(e) 18.8
Travel
18.3
15.4
13.9
(e) 13.7
Other services
53.3
56.1
61.6
(e) 62.6
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
159159154154146146139139138138139139135135121121139139143143133133125125122122112112108108104104100100102102100100979794949292939396969999939395959595989810110110210210210210010010010015915414613913813913512113914313312512211210810410010210097949293969993959598101102102100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
2 861 339
3 417 095
3 363 600
3 431 630
GDP per capita, current US$
35 218
42 483
41 686
42 533
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
0.71
4.08
1.72
1.80
Current account balance, % of GDP
4.60
5.65
8.48
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.904
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
53.919.219.246.839.253.919.219.246.839.2
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
47 449.80
65 642.99
33 312.30
9 528.28
FDI outflows
74 543.07
125 450.81
93 283.07
34 557.54
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
0.47
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
15 362.115 362.117 051.117 051.116 343.416 343.416 433.99 5289 52833 31233 3123 9543 95415 57315 57328 18128 18167 51467 51465 64365 64323 80623 8068 1278 12780 21280 21255 65555 65547 45047 450-10 192-10 19232 37732 37753 52253 52226 40226 402198 279198 27915 362.117 051.116 343.49 52833 3123 95415 57328 18167 51465 64323 8068 12780 21255 65547 450-10 19232 37753 52226 402198 279FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
5.06
5.13
7.58
(e) 7.61
Balance, % of imports
15.49
13.83
19.36
(e) 19.59
Normalized balance
0.072
0.065
0.088
(e) 0.089
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
858685858685797181797770
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.610 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
9 381 000 000
17 570 219 000
12 537 842 000
11 020 058 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
78.41
90.88
97.79
97.75
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
14 821 767
(e) 19 685 381
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
7.90
5.09
4.65
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
11.50
9.16
8.44
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(l) 4.12
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
l
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017