General profile: Maldives

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
0.516 Millions
15.391 MVR/US$
5 205 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 300 km²
-0.13 %
4.90 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+6.6 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
162
198
240
339
Merchandise imports
745
1 091
1 896
2 960
Merchandise trade balance
-583
-893
-1 657
-2 621
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %94 %94 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
88682525238868252523
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
323
1 810
2 905
(e) 3 290
Services imports
213
451
875
(e) 1 372
Services trade balance
110
1 359
2 031
(e) 1 918
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
6.8
2.2
8.3
(e) 7.2
Travel
88.8
94.6
88.4
(e) 90.5
Other services
4.4
3.2
3.2
(e) 2.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
133133132132111111100100111111121121113113124124828276761341341051051131138686105105979790907373717110710710710710210210010092928989868687879393919184849090949492929292979710310310010099991331321111001111211131248276134105113861059790737110710710210092898687939184909492929710310099
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
1 163
2 588
4 109
5 205
GDP per capita, current US$
3 640
7 077
9 033
10 093
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
-13.13
7.27
2.88
4.90
Current account balance, % of GDP
-23.47
-7.58
-7.34
-25.71
Exchange rate (/US$)
12.800
12.800
15.366
15.391
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
49.217.125.870.973.949.217.125.870.973.9
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
73.23
216.47
(j) 297.98
(j) 551.83
FDI outflows
..
..
..
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.19
0.12
0.09
0.08
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
4.24.24.04.03.83.83.63.63.53.53.33.33.13.13.03.03.23.24.54.56.36.37.97.92.82.82.32.32.92.92.02.02.02.01.81.82.22.255255249349345745729829833333336136122822842442421621615815818118113213295957373535332322525202022224.24.03.83.63.53.33.13.03.24.56.37.92.82.32.92.02.01.82.255249345729833336122842421615818113295735332252022FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-33.01
12.14
9.15
(e) -9.67
Balance, % of imports
-44.22
18.56
13.58
(e) -12.18
Normalized balance
-0.284
0.085
0.064
(e) -0.065
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
149140144144164161161171143136178184116116
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
57%Male 57%Female
43%Female 43%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.004 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
105
188
69
71
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
6.18
3.12
7.22
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
49 627
83 778
88 898
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.17
..
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
11.21
6.50
5.28
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
j
Asset/liability basis.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019