General profile: Netherlands

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
17.060 Millions
0.847 EUR/US$
913 533 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 33 690 km²
1.70 %
2.70 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+11.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
406 372
574 251
570 442
723 752
Merchandise imports
363 822
516 409
512 105
644 673
Merchandise trade balance
42 550
57 842
58 337
79 079
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %65 %65 %13 %13 %16 %16 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
173 50587 73863 38956 28132 065173 50587 73863 38956 28132 065
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
(e) 119 884
161 506
197 782
(e) 242 489
Services imports
(e) 102 432
135 901
213 355
(e) 228 851
Services trade balance
(e) 17 452
25 605
-15 573
(e) 13 638
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
-
-
17.9
(e) 17.1
Travel
-
-
7.0
(e) 7.6
Other services
-
-
70.9
(e) 70.7
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
112112110110104104100100969694949494929292928484949492928787828276767171686867676464999910010010110110010099999898979798989898101101100100102102102102103103106106106106106106107107106106112110104100969494929284949287827671686764991001011009998979898101100102102103106106106107106
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.7 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
685 076
846 555
765 265
913 533
GDP per capita, current US$
41 857
50 744
45 179
53 550
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
2.16
1.40
2.26
2.70
Current account balance, % of GDP
6.07
7.30
6.34
10.84
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.847
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
44.424.220.783.072.244.424.220.783.072.2
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+6.5 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
39 047.16
-7 184.47
178 784.69
69 658.52
FDI outflows
119 688.35
68 358.18
246 222.52
58 983.23
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.18
0.20
0.30
0.28
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
2 547.72 547.72 280.82 280.82 159.42 159.42 298.42 298.41 482.21 482.21 618.71 618.71 640.71 640.71 787.61 787.61 720.41 720.41 711.81 711.81 649.11 649.11 630.51 630.51 552.01 552.01 259.31 259.31 297.31 297.31 119.51 119.5483.6483.6482.6482.6425.8425.869 65969 65958 18958 18964 32964 329178 785178 78544 97444 97451 10551 10525 01325 01324 15624 156-7 184-7 18438 75238 752-6 776-6 776114 161114 16113 97813 97839 04739 04712 45212 45232 90032 90025 03825 03851 92751 92763 85563 8552 547.72 280.82 159.42 298.41 482.21 618.71 640.71 787.61 720.41 711.81 649.11 630.51 552.01 259.31 297.31 119.5483.6482.6425.869 65958 18964 329178 78544 97451 10525 01324 156-7 18438 752-6 776114 16113 97839 04712 45232 90025 03851 92763 855FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
(e) 12.31
12.45
7.45
(e) 10.29
Balance, % of imports
(e) 21.28
19.76
9.43
(e) 13.06
Normalized balance
(e) 0.096
0.090
0.045
(e) 0.061
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
168167157166161156156149138124138136133128
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.381 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
7 940
7 252
8 462
7 327
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
82.41
82.94
89.12
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
11 503 660
12 497 016
14 825 967
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
16.78
12.46
11.31
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
18.74
14.54
13.71
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 6.15
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019