General profile: Netherlands

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
17.036 Millions
0.887 EUR/US$
824 829 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 33 670 km²
1.38 %
3.20 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+14.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
406 372
574 251
570 442
651 628
Merchandise imports
363 822
516 409
512 105
574 928
Merchandise trade balance
42 550
57 842
58 337
76 700
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %65 %65 %12 %12 %17 %17 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
155 45777 63360 55452 80026 572155 45777 63360 55452 80026 572
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
-
161 506
201 019
(e) 218 310
Services imports
-
135 901
206 830
(e) 210 821
Services trade balance
-
25 605
-5 811
(e) 7 489
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
-
-
17.6
(e) 17.1
Travel
-
-
6.6
(e) 6.8
Other services
-
-
71.6
(e) 71.6
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
172172166166157157152152148148147147145145144144133133147147145145136136127127119119110110105105105105100100949496969494949492929292939393939696959597979797979799991001009999101101100100172166157152148147145144133147145136127119110105105100949694949292939396959797979910099101100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
678 517
836 390
757 999
824 829
GDP per capita, current US$
41 456
50 135
44 750
48 417
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
2.16
1.40
2.26
3.20
Current account balance, % of GDP
6.13
7.39
6.40
10.60
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.887
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
44.224.720.182.471.444.224.720.182.471.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.8 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
39 047.16
-7 184.47
69 565.10
57 956.67
FDI outflows
119 688.35
68 358.18
194 055.63
23 318.41
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.19
0.21
0.17
0.17
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 405.71 405.71 334.81 334.81 311.61 311.61 482.21 482.21 618.71 618.71 640.71 640.71 787.61 787.61 720.41 720.41 711.81 711.81 649.11 649.11 630.51 630.51 552.01 552.01 259.31 259.31 297.31 297.31 119.51 119.5483.6483.6482.6482.6425.8425.857 95757 95785 77885 77869 56569 56544 97444 97451 10551 10525 01325 01324 15624 156-7 184-7 18438 75238 752-6 776-6 776114 161114 16113 97813 97839 04739 04712 45212 45232 90032 90025 03825 03851 92751 92763 85563 8551 405.71 334.81 311.61 482.21 618.71 640.71 787.61 720.41 711.81 649.11 630.51 552.01 259.31 297.31 119.5483.6482.6425.857 95785 77869 56544 97451 10525 01324 156-7 18438 752-6 776114 16113 97839 04712 45232 90025 03851 92763 855FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
-
12.60
10.70
(e) 13.23
Balance, % of imports
-
19.76
13.34
(e) 16.44
Normalized balance
-
0.090
0.063
(e) 0.076
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
174164171165158158150140
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.397 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
7 940
7 252
8 462
7 388
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
79.95
89.96
96.33
90.63
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
11 410 060
12 407 000
13 951 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
16.78
12.46
10.92
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
18.74
14.54
13.46
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 6.15
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 19 November 2018