General profile: Ghana

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
28.033 Millions
3.909 GHS/US$
43 015 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
17.47 %
3.80 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+9.3 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
2 802
7 960
10 321
(e) 11 283
Merchandise imports
5 347
10 922
13 465
(e) 13 352
Merchandise trade balance
-2 545
-2 962
-3 144
(e) -2 068
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
44 %44 %6 %6 %14 %14 %5 %5 %31 %31 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
1 7961 4459759497761 7961 445975949776
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
1 106
1 477
6 143
(e) 6 088
Services imports
1 273
3 003
7 309
(e) 6 298
Services trade balance
-167
-1 526
-1 166
(e) -210
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
13.2
24.6
7.5
-
Travel
75.6
41.9
13.3
-
Other services
11.3
33.4
79.2
-
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
456456400400453453465465444444416416296296230230189189174174167167136136131131134134115115107107100100173173169169173173168168171171178178179179167167152152133133124124121121124124132132136136108108100100456400453465444416296230189174167136131134115107100173169173168171178179167152133124121124132136108100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
17 199
32 174
37 156
43 015
GDP per capita, current US$
804
1 323
1 356
1 534
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
6.20
7.90
3.88
3.80
Current account balance, % of GDP
-6.42
-8.54
-7.56
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.906
1.431
3.712
3.909
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
66.519.024.444.154.866.519.024.444.154.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
144.97
2 527.36
3 192.30
3 485.30
FDI outflows
..
..
221.40
14.70
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
..
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
3 4853 4853 1923 1923 3573 3573 2263 2263 2933 2933 2373 2372 5272 5272 8972 8971 2201 220855855636636145145139139110110595989891151153 4853 1923 3573 2263 2933 2372 5272 8971 2208556361451391105989115FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-15.77
-13.95
-11.51
(e) -7.20
Balance, % of imports
-40.96
-32.23
-20.58
(e) -15.67
Normalized balance
-0.258
-0.192
-0.115
(e) -0.085
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
8510092819386737269656661
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
53%Male 53%Female
47%Female 47%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.002 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
88 000 000
84 657 000
48 119 000
33 027 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
12.64
17.28
21.85
20.70
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
647 052
(e) 833 771
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.02
0.02
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.81
7.13
..
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017