General profile: Ghana

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
28.834 Millions
4.351 GHS/US$
46 395 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 227 540 km²
12.37 %
7.00 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+21.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
2 802
7 960
10 321
(e) 13 486
Merchandise imports
5 347
10 922
13 465
(e) 12 588
Merchandise trade balance
-2 545
-2 962
-3 144
(e) 898
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
41 %41 %6 %6 %16 %16 %5 %5 %4 %4 %27 %27 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
2 5131 9591 6011 4796952 5131 9591 6011 479695
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
1 106
1 477
6 142
(e) 6 670
Services imports
1 273
3 003
7 309
(e) 9 873
Services trade balance
-167
-1 526
-1 167
(e) -3 203
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
13.2
24.6
7.4
-
Travel
75.6
41.9
13.3
-
Other services
11.3
33.4
79.2
-
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
456456400400456456470470451451422422298298230230192192176176169169137137132132134134115115107107100100167167166166180180179179187187191191188188170170152152134134124124119119122122131131134134107107100100456400456470451422298230192176169137132134115107100167166180179187191188170152134124119122131134107100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.0 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
17 199
32 174
37 338
46 395
GDP per capita, current US$
798
1 313
1 354
1 609
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
6.20
7.90
3.84
7.00
Current account balance, % of GDP
-6.42
-8.54
-7.56
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.906
1.431
3.668
4.351
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
83.69.114.541.048.283.69.114.541.048.2
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
144.97
2 527.36
3 192.30
3 255.00
FDI outflows
..
..
221.40
15.90
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.58
0.42
5.65
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
2 041.72 041.72 100.02 100.02 007.82 007.81 864.01 864.02 155.52 155.52 134.62 134.6135.9135.9114.5114.5126.1126.1117.4117.4105.3105.399.299.282.482.465.165.143.543.545.945.932.432.43 2553 2553 4853 4853 1923 1923 3573 3573 2263 2263 2933 2933 2373 2372 5272 5272 8972 8971 2201 220855855636636145145139139110110595989891151152 041.72 100.02 007.81 864.02 155.52 134.6135.9114.5126.1117.4105.399.282.465.143.545.932.43 2553 4853 1923 3573 2263 2933 2372 5272 8971 2208556361451391105989115FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
-15.77
-13.95
-11.54
(e) -3.03
Balance, % of imports
-40.96
-32.23
-20.75
(e) -6.35
Normalized balance
-0.258
-0.192
-0.116
(e) -0.033
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
928910088819386737269656661
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
53%Male 53%Female
47%Female 47%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.002 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
88
85
48
34
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
12.64
17.28
21.85
16.34
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
643 100
900 000
921 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.02
0.02
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.81
7.13
..
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 14 August 2018