General profile: Greece

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
10.919 Millions
0.904 EUR/US$
192 166 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
-0.83 %
-0.30 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-2.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
17 278
27 950
28 725
28 137
Merchandise imports
54 436
66 913
48 346
48 592
Merchandise trade balance
-37 158
-38 963
-19 620
-20 455
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %38 %38 %28 %28 %9 %9 %23 %23 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
3 1182 1321 6831 4951 3833 1182 1321 6831 4951 383
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
33 866
(e) 37 223
30 964
(e) 27 777
Services imports
16 229
(e) 20 113
12 185
(e) 10 715
Services trade balance
17 637
(e) 17 110
18 779
(e) 17 061
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
(e) 50.9
(e) 54.9
35.7
(e) 31.1
Travel
(e) 39.2
(e) 34.2
50.6
(e) 53.0
Other services
(e) 9.5
10.3
13.2
(e) 15.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
168168160160147147141141139139129129125125999910910911511511211210410499999696989810110110010090909090888887878888909090907777797987879393929296969595103103100100100100168160147141139129125991091151121049996981011009090888788909077798793929695103100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-0.3 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
247 777
299 362
194 860
192 166
GDP per capita, current US$
22 383
26 782
17 788
17 598
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
0.60
-5.48
-0.22
-0.30
Current account balance, % of GDP
-7.36
-10.11
-0.06
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.904
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
69.920.19.831.931.869.920.19.831.931.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
-0.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
623.29
329.91
1 140.29
3 126.25
FDI outflows
1 467.82
1 557.26
2 127.08
-638.11
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.49
0.50
0.22
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
428.8428.8734.7734.7804.8804.8681.2681.21 186.21 186.21 499.21 499.22 020.32 020.32 686.62 686.62 483.72 483.71 542.61 542.61 220.11 220.11 241.91 241.91 563.81 563.81 658.91 658.92 014.02 014.02 193.82 193.83 1263 1261 1401 1402 6832 6832 8172 8171 7401 7401 1431 1433303302 4362 4364 4994 4992 1112 1115 3555 3556236232 1022 1021 2751 27550501 5891 5891 1081 108428.8734.7804.8681.21 186.21 499.22 020.32 686.62 483.71 542.61 220.11 241.91 563.81 658.92 014.02 193.83 1261 1402 6832 8171 7401 1433302 4364 4992 1115 3556232 1021 275501 5891 108FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-7.61
(e) -7.72
-0.17
(e) -0.67
Balance, % of imports
-26.35
(e) -26.22
-0.57
(e) -2.28
Normalized balance
-0.152
(e) -0.151
-0.003
(e) -0.012
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
586067646056514758575250
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
58%Male 58%Female
42%Female 42%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
4.068 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
54 642 000 000
67 629 171 000
75 120 753 000
73 445 262 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
29.07
34.25
46.81
47.41
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 165 185
(e) 3 929 877
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
2.80
1.99
3.07
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
5.74
4.83
4.89
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
(k) 2.98
(l) 3.52
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
k
Data not available for G5151; G5152 and 7123.
l
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017