General profile: Portugal

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
10.304 Millions
0.904 EUR/US$
202 602 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
0.61 %
1.40 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
38 150
49 406
55 282
55 662
Merchandise imports
61 184
77 749
66 914
67 567
Merchandise trade balance
-23 034
-28 343
-11 633
-11 906
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %76 %76 %6 %6 %13 %13 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
14 5647 0016 4753 9182 72914 5647 0016 4753 9182 729
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
15 102
22 811
28 112
(e) 29 297
Services imports
9 487
14 251
14 357
(e) 14 769
Services trade balance
5 614
8 560
13 755
(e) 14 528
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
(e) 19.9
25.8
22.7
(e) 21.2
Travel
(e) 50.8
44.1
45.2
(e) 48.0
Other services
(e) 23.8
26.5
29.2
(e) 27.7
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
170170164164153153147147136136132132123123111111124124128128124124114114106106107107104104101101100100108108106106103103101101989897979898999993939696989898989898999910110110010010010017016415314713613212311112412812411410610710410110010810610310198979899939698989899101100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.4 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
197 300
238 303
199 122
202 602
GDP per capita, current US$
18 826
22 514
19 239
19 662
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
0.77
1.90
1.60
1.40
Current account balance, % of GDP
-9.90
-10.16
0.45
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.904
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
65.618.215.540.639.865.618.215.540.639.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.8 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
3 463.81
2 424.00
6 932.71
6 064.56
FDI outflows
1 643.75
-9 782.03
5 685.34
1 582.93
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
..
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
6 0656 0656 9336 9332 9762 9762 7022 7028 8588 8587 4287 4282 4242 4241 6111 6113 5493 5492 8752 87510 59410 5943 4643 4641 7931 7937 9847 9841 6371 6376 1966 1966 5606 5606 0656 9332 9762 7028 8587 4282 4241 6113 5492 87510 5943 4641 7937 9841 6376 1966 560FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-8.84
-7.12
1.75
(e) 2.22
Balance, % of imports
-24.73
-19.13
4.39
(e) 5.64
Normalized balance
-0.141
-0.106
0.021
(e) 0.027
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
818181797674676172706863
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
53%Male 53%Female
47%Female 47%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.492 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1 757 000 000
1 288 317 000
5 249 434 000
8 888 910 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
16.84
38.06
45.71
48.16
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 622 247
(e) 2 857 048
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
8.44
4.01
2.44
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
8.78
5.70
4.93
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
2.59
(l) 2.64
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
l
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017