General profile: Portugal

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
10.290 Millions
0.845 EUR/US$
249 814 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 91 606 km²
0.94 %
4.85 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+22.3 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
38 150
49 406
55 047
75 181
Merchandise imports
61 184
77 749
66 914
97 713
Merchandise trade balance
-23 034
-28 343
-11 867
-22 532
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %76 %76 %6 %6 %13 %13 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
20 1269 8688 2934 1953 91020 1269 8688 2934 1953 910
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
15 097
23 150
27 640
32 000
Services imports
9 483
14 766
14 031
20 807
Services trade balance
5 614
8 384
13 609
11 193
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
19.9
25.4
22.9
20.6
Travel
50.8
43.5
46.6
36.7
Other services
23.8
27.5
27.6
39.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
1081011111081071031009491868479728185787472727068689899999910010110097969495969894979898101102105104104
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
197 175
237 881
199 314
249 814
GDP per capita, current US$
18 737
22 466
19 229
24 277
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
0.78
1.74
1.79
4.85
Current account balance, % of GDP
-9.60
-10.26
0.24
-1.14
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.754
0.901
0.845
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
64.219.118.837.039.164.219.118.837.039.1
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
-0.6 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
2 234.48
2 912.03
7 630.07
8 019.73
FDI outflows
1 637.19
-9 456.02
5 225.83
-1 440.79
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.55
1.57
2.20
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
4 326.94 326.94 512.34 497.94 433.24 377.84 446.04 455.03 990.93 922.03 726.13 788.64 287.74 161.43 485.33 060.53 302.93 039.82 927.53 647.43 496.18 0207 75612 3617 1157 7525 0667 6304 8978 4478 2297 4282 9121 6113 5502 80410 7682 2341 7887 9841 6306 1966 560FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
-8.56
-7.33
1.40
-2.64
Balance, % of imports
-23.89
-19.48
3.53
-5.88
Normalized balance
-0.136
-0.108
0.017
-0.030
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
8776878684808181797674686273706963
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
67%Urban 67%Rural
33%Rural 33%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
1.070 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1 757
1 288
5 259
22 859
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
36.94
44.57
54.11
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 399 648
2 702 500
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
8.44
4.01
2.45
3.48
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
8.78
5.70
4.94
6.85
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
2.59
(r) 2.64
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
r
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022