General profile: Tonga

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
0.108 Millions
2.206 TOP/US$
429 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 720 km²
7.79 %
3.70 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+20.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
10
8
18
(e) 32
Merchandise imports
121
159
209
(e) 200
Merchandise trade balance
-111
-151
-191
(e) -168
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %15 %15 %6 %6 %77 %77 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
6665366653
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
34
46
67
(e) 93
Services imports
40
47
74
(e) 93
Services trade balance
-6
-1
-8
(e) 0
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
9.4
16.7
23.0
-
Travel
44.0
58.9
59.9
-
Other services
46.6
24.4
15.5
-
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
214214188188118118110110999990908383565659596161646479798989150150196196174174787810010010410410910910210293939090909091919898989889898787919192929999106106104104101101100100214188118110999083565961647989150196174781001041091029390909198988987919299106104101100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.7 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
262
374
402
429
GDP per capita, current US$
2 589
3 590
3 778
3 970
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
1.58
3.57
3.70
3.70
Current account balance, % of GDP
-9.30
-23.39
-15.23
(e) -4.69
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.943
1.906
2.106
2.206
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
101.219.623.019.359.6101.219.623.019.359.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
12.97
24.71
12.35
13.78
FDI outflows
4.58
3.10
5.32
1.45
Personal remittances, % of GDP
26.24
20.66
34.42
34.02
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
145.9145.9138.3138.3138.3138.3128.7128.7121.0121.0117.6117.678.778.777.277.272.172.193.993.9101.0101.078.878.868.668.669.169.160.260.266.166.152.514149912125656515131314444252520204646242417171313373766558899145.9138.3138.3128.7121.0117.678.777.272.193.9101.078.868.669.160.266.11491256513144252046241713376589FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
-40.05
-46.05
-48.73
(e) -50.22
Balance, % of imports
-67.78
-75.36
-68.02
(e) -62.46
Normalized balance
-0.513
-0.605
-0.515
(e) -0.454
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
1111069586837879768786807178
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
57%Male 57%Female
43%Female 43%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.004 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
125
78
79
75
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
4.75
3.73
2.94
5.88
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
..
0.00
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
2.84
6.36
..
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 19 November 2018