General profile: South Africa

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
56.717 Millions
13.334 ZAR/US$
348 096 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 1 213 090 km²
5.18 %
1.20 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+18.4 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
51 626
91 347
81 432
89 042
Merchandise imports
62 304
96 835
(e) 104 649
(e) 101 339
Merchandise trade balance
-10 679
-5 488
(e) -23 218
(e) -12 297
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
11 %11 %42 %42 %12 %12 %24 %24 %11 %11 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
8 6666 6205 8104 1624 1398 6666 6205 8104 1624 139
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
11 829
16 063
15 050
15 762
Services imports
12 151
19 592
15 531
16 165
Services trade balance
-322
-3 529
-481
-404
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
17.1
19.3
16.4
14.7
Travel
63.5
56.6
54.9
55.9
Other services
19.2
24.0
28.5
29.1
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
199199198198183183183183184184189189173173134134161161149149132132121121113113106106107107104104100100128128133133129129138138145145146146141141132132124124122122118118111111109109108108107107102102100100199198183183184189173134161149132121113106107104100128133129138145146141132124122118111109108107102100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
257 772
375 348
317 406
348 096
GDP per capita, current US$
5 280
7 276
5 741
6 137
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
5.28
3.04
1.30
1.20
Current account balance, % of GDP
-3.11
-1.46
-4.42
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
6.359
7.321
12.759
13.334
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
59.320.619.430.330.159.320.619.430.330.1
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
(j) 6 646.93
(j) 3 635.60
(j) 1 729.38
(j) 1 324.68
FDI outflows
(j) 930.29
(j) -75.67
(j) 5 743.58
(j) 7 359.88
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.24
0.28
0.26
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
715.3715.3825.3825.3913.4913.4970.7970.71 084.51 084.51 158.41 158.41 069.61 069.6862.1862.1783.7783.7792.4792.4691.9691.9613.6613.6522.7522.7434.6434.6288.2288.2297.8297.8344.0344.01 3251 3252 2352 2351 7291 7295 7715 7718 3008 3004 5594 5594 2434 2433 6363 6367 5027 5029 2099 2096 5386 5383113116 6476 6477987987347341 5691 5696 7846 784887887715.3825.3913.4970.71 084.51 158.41 069.6862.1783.7792.4691.9613.6522.7434.6288.2297.8344.01 3252 2351 7295 7718 3004 5594 2433 6367 5029 2096 5383116 6477987341 5696 784887FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
-0.25
1.23
-1.29
1.37
Balance, % of imports
-0.93
4.51
-4.10
4.80
Normalized balance
-0.005
0.022
-0.021
0.023
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
58616264646160565673646053
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
58%Male 58%Female
42%Female 42%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.023 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
104
126
62
428
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
25.83
32.49
41.41
37.35
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
3 959 192
4 662 300
4 634 900
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
1.25
1.20
1.44
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
11.09
9.25
8.80
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
j
Asset/liability basis.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 14 August 2018