General profile: South Africa

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
54.979 Millions
14.710 ZAR/US$
291 856 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
6.33 %
0.60 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-7.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
51 626
91 347
81 439
75 091
Merchandise imports
62 304
96 835
(e) 104 670
(e) 91 580
Merchandise trade balance
-10 679
-5 488
(e) -23 231
(e) -16 489
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
10 %10 %46 %46 %10 %10 %23 %23 %11 %11 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
6 8125 4745 2603 7123 5316 8125 4745 2603 7123 531
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
11 829
16 063
15 050
14 360
Services imports
12 151
19 592
15 531
14 954
Services trade balance
-322
-3 529
-481
-594
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
17.1
19.3
16.4
15.2
Travel
63.5
56.6
54.9
55.1
Other services
19.2
24.0
28.5
29.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
199199198198183183183183184184189189173173134134161161149149132132121121113113106106107107104104100100128128133133129129138138145145146146141141132132124124122122118118111111109109108108107107102102100100199198183183184189173134161149132121113106107104100128133129138145146141132124122118111109108107102100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.6 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
257 772
375 348
314 571
291 856
GDP per capita, current US$
5 331
7 271
5 773
5 309
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
5.28
3.04
1.26
0.60
Current account balance, % of GDP
-3.11
-1.46
-4.34
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
6.359
7.321
12.759
14.710
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
60.220.720.730.731.760.220.720.730.731.7
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.2 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
6 646.93
3 635.60
1 729.38
2 270.42
FDI outflows
930.29
-75.67
5 743.60
3 382.08
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
..
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
2 2702 2701 7291 7295 7715 7718 3008 3004 5594 5594 2434 2433 6363 6367 5027 5029 2099 2096 5386 5383113116 6476 6477987987347341 5691 5696 7846 7848878872 2701 7295 7718 3004 5594 2433 6367 5029 2096 5383116 6477987341 5696 784887FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-0.25
1.23
-1.01
0.18
Balance, % of imports
-0.93
4.51
-3.18
0.58
Normalized balance
-0.005
0.022
-0.016
0.003
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
616264646160565673646053
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
58%Male 58%Female
42%Female 42%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.025 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
104 000 000
125 861 000
62 075 000
460 080 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
25.83
32.49
41.41
37.10
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
3 806 427
(e) 4 831 462
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
1.25
1.20
1.44
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
11.09
9.25
8.80
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017