General profile: Costa Rica

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
4.906 Millions
567.513 CRC/US$
57 878 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 51 060 km²
1.63 %
3.20 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+6.4 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
7 026
9 448
9 422
10 251
Merchandise imports
9 824
13 570
16 273
15 322
Merchandise trade balance
-2 798
-4 122
-6 852
-5 071
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %57 %57 %40 %40 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
4 3076765905715344 307676590571534
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
3 197
5 021
7 694
9 020
Services imports
1 512
1 889
3 085
3 764
Services trade balance
1 685
3 132
4 609
5 256
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
8.8
8.1
6.4
4.9
Travel
58.5
44.7
42.5
43.0
Other services
19.9
37.4
48.1
49.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
183183163163175175165165165165152152146146138138138138139139120120107107102102105105919188881001006464626270707171717171717373808075758181757576767979888882828383100100183163175165165152146138138139120107102105918810064627071717173807581757679888283100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
19 952
37 269
54 840
57 878
GDP per capita, current US$
4 697
8 199
11 406
11 798
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.87
4.95
4.72
3.20
Current account balance, % of GDP
-4.31
-3.26
-3.92
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
477.787
525.829
534.566
567.513
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
63.217.319.731.631.963.217.319.731.631.9
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
1 364.13
1 683.55
2 751.88
3 007.12
FDI outflows
-15.06
94.34
210.57
158.91
Personal remittances, % of GDP
2.11
1.42
1.04
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
541.7541.7552.0552.0593.9593.9596.4596.4562.3562.3520.2520.2530.7530.7513.1513.1604.8604.8617.9617.9513.2513.2420.3420.3319.3319.3320.9320.9250.4250.4198.5198.5135.6135.63 0073 0072 5412 5412 7522 7522 9272 9272 7412 7412 2582 2582 4612 4611 6841 6841 4441 4442 3202 3202 0882 0881 7021 7021 3641 364976976692692825825609609667667541.7552.0593.9596.4562.3520.2530.7513.1604.8617.9513.2420.3319.3320.9250.4198.5135.63 0072 5412 7522 9272 7412 2582 4611 6841 4442 3202 0881 7021 364976692825609667FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
-1.81
-1.12
-0.03
1.63
Balance, % of imports
-3.95
-3.22
-0.11
4.98
Normalized balance
-0.020
-0.016
-0.001
0.024
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
67646267666869687087879090
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
62%Male 62%Female
38%Female 38%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1
0
2
2
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
11.12
12.77
11.27
12.75
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
858 176
1 108 600
1 490 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
23.74
19.91
1.70
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
23.69
17.72
9.16
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
4.70
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 14 August 2018