General profile: Peru

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
31.774 Millions
3.376 PEN/US$
193 338 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
3.60 %
3.90 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.6 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
17 368
35 803
34 236
36 838
Merchandise imports
12 502
30 030
37 925
36 256
Merchandise trade balance
4 866
5 773
-3 689
582
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
19 %19 %11 %11 %6 %6 %43 %43 %21 %21 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
8 4846 2352 5511 6841 3888 4846 2352 5511 6841 388
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
(e) 2 291
(e) 3 693
(e) 6 226
(e) 6 304
Services imports
3 147
6 044
7 963
(e) 7 956
Services trade balance
(e) -856
(e) -2 351
(e) -1 736
(e) -1 652
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
19.6
23.1
22.1
(e) 21.2
Travel
57.1
54.4
53.3
(e) 55.7
Other services
23.2
22.5
24.6
(e) 23.1
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
318318291291301301321321351351352352301301245245248248266266248248192192159159126126116116103103100100155155158158167167177177185185194194177177146146148148168168163163127127120120106106105105999910010031829130132135135230124524826624819215912611610310015515816717718519417714614816816312712010610599100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
76 080
147 528
190 428
193 338
GDP per capita, current US$
2 755
5 022
6 069
6 085
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
6.29
8.33
3.25
3.90
Current account balance, % of GDP
1.51
-2.56
-4.43
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
3.296
2.825
3.184
3.376
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
65.012.824.521.223.665.012.824.521.223.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.2 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
2 578.72
8 454.63
8 271.63
6 862.89
FDI outflows
..
265.89
127.37
303.23
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
..
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
6 8636 8638 2728 2724 4414 4419 8009 80011 78811 7887 3417 3418 4558 4556 4316 4316 9246 9245 4915 4913 4673 4672 5792 5791 5991 5991 3351 3352 1562 1561 1441 1448108106 8638 2724 4419 80011 7887 3418 4556 4316 9245 4913 4672 5791 5991 3352 1561 144810FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
(e) 6.21
(e) 3.27
(e) -2.37
(e) 0.04
Balance, % of imports
(e) 31.66
(e) 14.01
(e) -10.04
(e) 0.18
Normalized balance
(e) 0.137
(e) 0.065
(e) -0.053
(e) 0.001
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
454546495254504757545045
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
55%Male 55%Female
45%Female 45%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.030 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
148 000 000
317 911 000
544 474 000
542 120 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
14.95
21.79
36.95
37.80
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 534 056
(e) 2 234 582
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.24
0.08
0.15
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
8.35
7.50
9.56
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017