General profile: China, Hong Kong SAR

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
7.303 Millions
7.762 HKD/US$
320 912 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
2.39 %
2.05 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
292 119
400 692
510 596
516 734
Merchandise imports
300 160
441 369
559 427
547 336
Merchandise trade balance
-8 041
-40 677
-48 831
-30 602
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
18 %18 %82 %82 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
285 50142 03115 39815 05611 189285 50142 03115 39815 05611 189
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
47 373
80 539
104 357
(e) 98 432
Services imports
56 245
70 397
74 092
(e) 74 461
Services trade balance
-8 872
10 141
30 265
(e) 23 971
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
43.2
37.1
28.5
(e) 28.5
Travel
21.7
27.6
34.6
(e) 33.3
Other services
34.8
35.0
36.5
(e) 37.9
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
206206197197195195188188188188186186182182159159178178175175164164151151140140124124108108989810010010610610310310010098981001009999100100102102999999999999100100102102103103103103101101100100206197195188188186182159178175164151140124108981001061031009810099100102999999100102103103101100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.0 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
181 569
228 639
309 406
320 912
GDP per capita, current US$
26 593
32 545
42 702
43 943
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
7.39
6.77
2.39
2.05
Current account balance, % of GDP
11.88
7.00
3.32
4.64
Exchange rate (/US$)
7.777
7.769
7.752
7.762
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
66.49.621.5195.9193.566.49.621.5195.9193.5
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+19.5 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
34 057.83
70 540.74
174 352.89
108 125.99
FDI outflows
27 003.10
86 247.18
71 821.20
62 460.50
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.16
0.15
0.13
0.13
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
401.4401.4386.8386.8372.4372.4360.2360.2366.8366.8351.6351.6339.6339.6347.8347.8355.3355.3316.9316.9294.0294.0296.8296.8240.0240.0120.0120.0121.0121.0153.0153.0136.0136.0108 126108 126174 353174 353113 038113 03874 29474 29470 18070 18096 58196 58170 54170 54155 53555 53558 31558 31558 40358 40341 81141 81134 05834 05829 15429 15417 83117 8313 6623 66229 06129 06154 58254 582401.4386.8372.4360.2366.8351.6339.6347.8355.3316.9294.0296.8240.0120.0121.0153.0136.0108 126174 353113 03874 29470 18096 58170 54155 53558 31558 40341 81134 05829 15417 8313 66229 06154 582FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
12.22
5.88
2.41
(e) 1.99
Balance, % of imports
7.40
2.95
1.24
(e) 1.08
Normalized balance
0.036
0.015
0.006
(e) 0.005
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
373392427443431422405348377362359343
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
9.092 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
43 958
74 513
150 408
164 134
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
96.78
113.60
116.76
100.50
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
23 600 000
20 114 000
19 580 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
38.29
44.16
48.65
49.99
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
38.22
42.76
47.66
50.31
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
4.69
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 18 April 2018