Maritime profile: China, Hong Kong SAR

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade ¹
7.372 Millions
362 931 Millions current US$
1 195 070 Millions current US$
Coast/area ratio ²
Ship building ³
Ship scrapping ³
..
250 GT
..
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
Container port throughput
181 488 Thousands DWT
97 806 Thousands DWT
19 641 000 TEU
WORLD SHARES FOR 2018
0.10 %0.43 %2.92 %3.17 %Not available or not separately reported9.43 %5.12 %2.48 % Less than 0.01% of the World totalNot available or not separately reported0.10 %0.43 %2.92 %3.17 %Not available or not separately reported9.43 %5.12 %2.48 % Less than 0.01% of the World totalNot available or not separately reported
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.4 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
292 119
400 692
510 485
568 454
Merchandise imports
300 160
441 369
558 770
626 616
Merchandise trade balance
-8 041
-40 677
-48 285
-58 162
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
14 %14 %86 %86 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
314 29445 87217 90216 53313 449314 29445 87217 90216 53313 449
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.6 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2018
Services exports by main category
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
43.2
37.1
28.5
(e) 28.8
Travel
21.7
27.6
34.6
(e) 32.2
Other services
34.8
35.0
36.5
(e) 38.7
Total trade in transport services
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport services exports
20 466
29 858
29 784
(e) 32 790
Transport services imports
11 150
15 698
17 316
(e) 18 379
Transport services trade balance
9 316
14 160
12 468
(e) 14 411
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.6 %
Fleet growth rate in 2018
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Total fleet
43 958.0
74 513.5
150 408.4
181 488.1
Oil tankers
11 301.0
18 550.1
29 733.4
40 036.1
Bulk carriers
26 546.0
40 957.6
89 033.5
100 171.7
General cargo
2 303.0
3 753.6
2 807.3
3 216.8
Container ships
3 433.0
10 160.4
25 330.4
32 094.0
Other types of ships
375.0
1 091.8
3 503.9
5 969.6
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
40149921711433553904722251140339368463227113731236342221910963053683862291080279
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY INDEX
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2018
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.7740.6890.6580.6520.6360.6330.6320.6290.6290.6110.7740.6890.6580.6520.6360.6330.6320.6290.6290.611
National connectivity index
Maximum 2006=100 for China
93.593.589.289.291.191.194.294.293.193.191.491.491.791.795.995.991.091.089.189.197.797.789.989.983.983.993.589.291.194.293.191.491.795.991.089.197.789.983.9
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research.
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
6
TEU: Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit. Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities.
7
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
8
Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdts.co.uk).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

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Generation date: 04 November 2019