Maritime profile: Viet Nam

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade ¹
95.541 Millions
223 628 Millions current US$
425 841 Millions current US$
Coast/area ratio ²
Ship building ³
Ship scrapping ³
(e) 37 m/km²
344 818 GT
..
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
Container port throughput
8 014 Thousands DWT
8 854 Thousands DWT
12 284 395 TEU
WORLD SHARES FOR 2017
1.27 %0.28 %1.21 %1.18 %0.70 %0.43 %0.48 %1.63 %0.52 %Not available or not separately reported1.27 %0.28 %1.21 %1.18 %0.70 %0.43 %0.48 %1.63 %0.52 %Not available or not separately reported
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+21.4 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
32 442
72 237
162 065
214 323
Merchandise imports
36 761
84 839
165 610
211 518
Merchandise trade balance
-4 319
-12 602
-3 545
2 804
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
7 %7 %79 %79 %14 %14 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
43 44231 21117 14014 6337 44843 44231 21117 14014 6337 448
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
+5.7 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2017
Services exports by main category
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
27.4
30.9
21.6
(e) 20.0
Travel
53.9
59.7
65.3
(e) 67.4
Other services
18.7
9.4
13.1
(e) 12.6
Total trade in transport services
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport services exports
1 167
2 306
2 430
(e) 2 627
Transport services imports
2 190
6 596
8 050
(e) 8 200
Transport services trade balance
-1 023
-4 290
-5 620
(e) -5 573
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.1 %
Fleet growth rate in 2017
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Total fleet
2 126.0
5 415.2
7 315.5
8 014.4
Oil tankers
439.0
1 480.4
1 346.6
1 483.3
Bulk carriers
319.0
1 223.5
1 685.5
2 129.8
General cargo
1 135.0
2 287.1
2 939.4
2 968.0
Container ships
28.0
161.7
306.2
352.0
Other types of ships
205.0
262.5
1 037.8
1 081.2
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
3423512658111332534125775107307301257621052872612756110325622133358107
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY INDEX
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2017
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.6000.5570.5400.5310.5190.5140.5100.5070.4990.4950.6000.5570.5400.5310.5190.5140.5100.5070.4990.495
National connectivity index
Maximum 2004=100 for China
65.665.666.966.946.446.446.146.143.343.348.748.749.749.731.431.426.426.418.718.717.617.615.115.114.314.312.912.965.666.946.446.143.348.749.731.426.418.717.615.114.312.9
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research.
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
6
TEU: Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit. Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities.
7
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
8
Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by Lloyds List Intelligence.
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 19 November 2018