Maritime profile: Viet Nam

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade ¹
94.569 Millions
205 276 Millions current US$
351 385 Millions current US$
Coast/area ratio ²
Ship building ³
Ship scrapping ³
..
419 189 GT
..
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
Container port throughput
7 709 Thousands DWT
8 299 Thousands DWT
8 149 626 TEU
WORLD SHARES FOR 2016
1.27 %0.27 %1.10 %1.08 %0.70 %0.43 %0.46 %1.20 %0.63 %Not available or not separately reported1.27 %0.27 %1.10 %1.08 %0.70 %0.43 %0.46 %1.20 %0.63 %Not available or not separately reported
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+9.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
32 442
72 237
162 065
176 581
Merchandise imports
36 761
84 839
165 610
174 804
Merchandise trade balance
-4 319
-12 602
-3 545
1 777
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
7 %7 %78 %78 %15 %15 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
35 42224 86414 36910 7826 77735 42224 86414 36910 7826 777
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.0 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2016
Services exports by main category
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
27.4
30.9
21.6
(e) 21.0
Travel
53.9
59.7
65.3
(e) 66.6
Other services
18.7
9.4
13.1
(e) 12.4
Total trade in transport services
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport services exports
1 167
2 306
2 430
(e) 2 600
Transport services imports
2 190
6 596
8 600
(e) 8 927
Transport services trade balance
-1 023
-4 290
-6 170
(e) -6 327
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
+5.4 %
Fleet growth rate in 2016
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Total fleet
2 126.0
5 415.2
7 315.5
7 709.4
Oil tankers
439.0
1 480.4
1 346.6
1 348.2
Bulk carriers
319.0
1 223.5
1 685.5
2 008.3
General cargo
1 135.0
2 287.1
2 939.4
2 938.9
Container ships
28.0
161.7
306.2
342.2
Other types of ships
205.0
262.5
1 037.8
1 071.8
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
3293312587510530730125762105287261275611032562213335810724220135158103
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY INDEX
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2016
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.6330.5930.5690.5660.5660.5650.5640.5630.5600.5560.6330.5930.5690.5660.5660.5650.5640.5630.5600.556
National connectivity index
Maximum 2004=100 for China
61.961.946.446.446.146.143.343.348.748.749.749.731.431.426.426.418.718.717.617.615.115.114.314.312.912.961.946.446.143.348.749.731.426.418.717.615.114.312.9
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research.
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
6
2014 data. TEU: Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit. Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities.
7
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
8
Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by Lloyds List Intelligence.
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

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Generation date: 18 April 2018