Maritime profile: Viet Nam

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade ¹
95.546 Millions
244 498 Millions current US$
478 200 Millions current US$
Coast/area ratio ²
Ship building ³
Ship scrapping ³
37 m/km²
480 930 GT
..
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
Container port throughput
8 177 Thousands DWT
9 221 Thousands DWT
16 374 195 TEU
WORLD SHARES FOR 2018
1.25 %0.29 %1.25 %1.19 %0.70 %0.42 %0.48 %2.06 %0.83 %Not available or not separately reported1.25 %0.29 %1.25 %1.19 %0.70 %0.42 %0.48 %2.06 %0.83 %Not available or not separately reported
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+13.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
32 442
72 237
162 065
242 683
Merchandise imports
36 761
84 839
165 610
235 517
Merchandise trade balance
-4 319
-12 602
-3 545
7 166
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
7 %7 %81 %81 %12 %12 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
48 40642 03319 20018 5428 10348 40642 03319 20018 5428 103
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
+17.1 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2018
Services exports by main category
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
27.4
30.9
21.6
(e) 19.8
Travel
53.9
59.7
65.3
(e) 68.0
Other services
18.7
9.4
13.1
(e) 12.2
Total trade in transport services
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport services exports
1 167
2 306
2 430
(e) 2 995
Transport services imports
2 190
6 596
8 050
(e) 8 827
Transport services trade balance
-1 023
-4 290
-5 620
(e) -5 832
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.0 %
Fleet growth rate in 2018
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Total fleet
2 126.0
5 415.2
7 315.5
8 177.0
Oil tankers
439.0
1 480.4
1 346.6
1 487.9
Bulk carriers
319.0
1 223.5
1 685.5
2 158.4
General cargo
1 135.0
2 287.1
2 939.4
2 963.2
Container ships
28.0
161.7
306.2
407.3
Other types of ships
205.0
262.5
1 037.8
1 160.3
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
3623812668311434235126581113325341257751073073012576210528726127561103
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY INDEX
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2018
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.6110.5670.5620.5580.5460.5290.5200.5090.5020.5000.6110.5670.5620.5580.5460.5290.5200.5090.5020.500
National connectivity index
Maximum 2006=100 for China
60.460.457.657.660.160.148.448.441.841.842.142.147.547.548.248.241.241.224.324.324.724.722.222.221.321.360.457.660.148.441.842.147.548.241.224.324.722.221.3
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research.
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
6
TEU: Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit. Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities.
7
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
8
Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdts.co.uk).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

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Generation date: 04 November 2019