Maritime profile: Turkey

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade ¹
82.340 Millions
766 757 Millions current US$
390 968 Millions current US$
Coast/area ratio ²
Ship building ³
Ship scrapping ³
11 m/km²
90 717 GT
781 651 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
Container port throughput
7 741 Thousands DWT
27 241 Thousands DWT
9 943 000 TEU
WORLD SHARES FOR 2018
1.08 %0.90 %0.86 %1.13 %0.50 %0.40 %1.43 %1.25 %0.16 %4.13 %1.08 %0.90 %0.86 %1.13 %0.50 %0.40 %1.43 %1.25 %0.16 %4.13 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
73 476
113 883
143 839
167 921
Merchandise imports
116 774
185 544
207 234
223 047
Merchandise trade balance
-43 298
-71 661
-63 395
-55 126
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %81 %81 %4 %4 %11 %11 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
16 14411 1139 5668 3518 30716 14411 1139 5668 3518 307
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
+16.6 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2018
Services exports by main category
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
18.2
25.8
31.0
36.1
Travel
69.0
62.0
56.6
51.7
Other services
12.8
12.2
12.0
11.3
Total trade in transport services
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport services exports
5 076
9 418
14 605
17 621
Transport services imports
5 146
8 078
8 423
9 496
Transport services trade balance
-70
1 340
6 182
8 125
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
-3.4 %
Fleet growth rate in 2018
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Total fleet
7 048.0
7 878.0
8 497.8
7 740.8
Oil tankers
959.0
1 693.6
1 291.8
1 964.7
Bulk carriers
4 087.0
3 357.7
4 235.3
2 616.7
General cargo
1 565.0
2 011.5
1 598.8
1 431.9
Container ships
290.0
572.9
749.1
1 222.6
Other types of ships
147.0
242.3
622.9
504.9
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
61556409591245925043077121568514408211855243442881165504345495112
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY INDEX
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2018
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.5730.5610.5550.5530.5490.5450.5440.5430.5390.5280.5730.5610.5550.5530.5490.5450.5440.5430.5390.528
National connectivity index
Maximum 2006=100 for China
56.356.353.953.953.753.753.953.952.852.851.951.951.551.541.641.635.735.732.732.736.336.333.933.930.630.656.353.953.753.952.851.951.541.635.732.736.333.930.6
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research.
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
6
TEU: Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit. Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities.
7
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
8
Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdts.co.uk).
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 04 November 2019