Maritime profile: China

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade ¹
1 403.500 Millions
11 218 281 Millions current US$
3 685 557 Millions current US$
Coast/area ratio ²
Ship building ³
Ship scrapping ³
..
22 178 672 GT
3 086 369 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
Container port throughput
76 200 Thousands DWT
158 884 Thousands DWT
186 852 801 TEU
WORLD SHARES FOR 2016
18.80 %14.83 %13.09 %9.79 %1.84 %4.22 %8.87 %27.61 %33.47 %10.65 %18.80 %14.83 %13.09 %9.79 %1.84 %4.22 %8.87 %27.61 %33.47 %10.65 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-7.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
761 953
1 577 754
2 273 468
2 097 632
Merchandise imports
659 953
1 396 247
1 679 566
1 587 925
Merchandise trade balance
102 000
181 507
593 902
509 707
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %94 %94 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
385 678287 252129 26893 70765 214385 678287 252129 26893 70765 214
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
-12.2 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2016
Services exports by main category
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
19.7
19.2
17.7
16.2
Travel
37.3
25.7
20.7
21.3
Other services
26.0
(e) 41.0
50.5
51.1
Total trade in transport services
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport services exports
15 427
34 211
38 574
33 857
Transport services imports
28 454
63 257
85 374
80 670
Transport services trade balance
-13 027
-29 046
-46 800
-46 813
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
-2.1 %
Fleet growth rate in 2016
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Total fleet
29 793.0
45 157.3
77 795.1
76 199.6
Oil tankers
6 057.0
9 264.0
11 612.9
12 202.7
Bulk carriers
13 340.0
23 030.6
49 769.4
47 418.4
General cargo
6 527.0
6 042.8
4 526.6
4 580.8
Container ships
2 968.0
5 267.8
6 798.2
6 770.6
Other types of ships
901.0
1 552.2
5 088.1
5 227.1
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
17651936921056475170319769011094781624188630108047515431916508213711519194704750345
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY INDEX
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2016
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.8520.8170.8160.8010.7700.7640.7590.7560.7560.7550.8520.8170.8160.8010.7700.7640.7590.7560.7560.755
National connectivity index
Maximum 2004=100 for China
170.9170.9167.1167.1165.1165.1157.5157.5156.2156.2152.1152.1143.6143.6132.5132.5137.4137.4127.9127.9113.1113.1108.3108.3100.0100.0170.9167.1165.1157.5156.2152.1143.6132.5137.4127.9113.1108.3100.0
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research.
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
6
2014 data. TEU: Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit. Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities.
7
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
8
Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by Lloyds List Intelligence.
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

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Generation date: 18 April 2018