Maritime profile: China

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade ¹
1 409.517 Millions
12 015 720 Millions current US$
4 107 163 Millions current US$
Coast/area ratio ²
Ship building ³
Ship scrapping ³
(e) 3 m/km²
23 682 160 GT
3 445 145 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
Container port throughput
78 870 Thousands DWT
166 708 Thousands DWT
213 719 925 TEU
WORLD SHARES FOR 2017
18.67 %14.94 %12.78 %10.25 %1.84 %4.24 %9.02 %28.39 %36.04 %15.03 %18.67 %14.94 %12.78 %10.25 %1.84 %4.24 %9.02 %28.39 %36.04 %15.03 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.9 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
761 953
1 580 000
2 273 468
2 263 371
Merchandise imports
659 953
1 400 000
1 679 566
1 843 792
Merchandise trade balance
102 000
180 000
593 902
419 579
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %94 %94 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
430 328279 211137 259102 70471 617430 328279 211137 259102 70471 617
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
+9.7 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2017
Services exports by main category
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
19.7
19.2
17.7
16.3
Travel
37.3
25.7
20.6
17.0
Other services
26.0
(e) 41.0
(e) 50.8
(h) 56.2
Total trade in transport services
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport services exports
15 427
34 211
38 594
37 104
Transport services imports
28 454
63 257
85 340
92 945
Transport services trade balance
-13 027
-29 046
-46 745
-55 841
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.8 %
Fleet growth rate in 2017
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Total fleet
29 793.0
45 157.3
77 795.1
78 869.8
Oil tankers
6 057.0
9 264.0
11 612.9
12 706.4
Bulk carriers
13 340.0
23 030.6
49 769.4
48 458.6
General cargo
6 527.0
6 042.8
4 526.6
4 765.5
Container ships
2 968.0
5 267.8
6 798.2
7 036.1
Other types of ships
901.0
1 552.2
5 088.1
5 903.1
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
193520173110854891828195720107948517031976901109478162418863010804751543191650821371
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY INDEX
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2017
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.8160.7760.7630.7530.7210.7120.7030.6980.6890.6880.8160.7760.7630.7530.7210.7120.7030.6980.6890.688
National connectivity index
Maximum 2004=100 for China
169.6169.6169.2169.2167.1167.1165.1165.1157.5157.5156.2156.2152.1152.1143.6143.6132.5132.5137.4137.4127.9127.9113.1113.1108.3108.3100.0100.0169.6169.2167.1165.1157.5156.2152.1143.6132.5137.4127.9113.1108.3100.0
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research.
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
6
TEU: Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit. Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities.
7
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
8
Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by Lloyds List Intelligence.
e
Estimated.
h
Break, estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

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Generation date: 19 November 2018