Maritime profile: China

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2015
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade ¹
1 376.049 Millions
11 156 254 Millions current US$
3 956 900 Millions current US$
Coast/area ratio ²
Ship building ³
Ship scrapping ³
(e) 3 m/km²
25 007 518 GT
3 969 512 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
Container port throughput
76 582 Thousands DWT
151 509 Thousands DWT
(e) 181 635 245 TEU
WORLD SHARES FOR 2015
18.723099080643214.924144166668513.7445910.127821.83623794198454.386323100368098.7449792993923526.538202605042437.095978066075916.304281036570418.714.913.710.11.84.48.726.537.116.3
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-2.9 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2015
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2014
2015
Merchandise exports
761 953
1 577 754
2 342 293
2 274 949
Merchandise imports
659 953
1 396 247
1 959 233
1 681 951
Merchandise trade balance
102 000
181 507
383 060
592 998
Export structure by product group in 2015
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %94 %94 %
Top 5 partners in 2015
(exports, millions of US$)
410 805334 291135 897101 47569 217410 805334 291135 897101 47569 217
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.9 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2015
Services exports by main category
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2014
2015
Transport
19.7
22.1
13.6
13.5
Travel
37.3
29.6
(g) 37.6
39.8
Other services
26.0
(e) 31.9
41.2
38.3
Total trade in transport services
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2014
2015
Transport services exports
15 427
34 211
38 243
38 594
Transport services imports
28 454
63 257
96 158
75 614
Transport services trade balance
-13 027
-29 046
-57 915
-37 020
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
-2.2 %
Fleet growth rate in 2015
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2014
2015
Total fleet
29 793.0
45 157.3
78 313.1
76 581.8
Oil tankers
6 057.0
9 264.0
13 246.4
11 516.3
Bulk carriers
13 340.0
23 030.6
49 685.0
49 270.1
General cargo
6 527.0
6 042.8
3 891.9
4 084.3
Container ships
2 968.0
5 267.8
6 395.8
6 460.8
Other types of ships
901.0
1 552.2
5 094.1
5 250.2
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY INDEX
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2015
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.8800.8700.8510.8320.7920.7850.7830.7820.7750.769
National connectivity index
Maximum 2004=100 for China
167.1167.1165.1165.1157.5157.5156.2156.2152.1152.1143.6143.6132.5132.5137.4137.4127.9127.9113.1113.1108.3108.3100.0100.0167.1165.1157.5156.2152.1143.6132.5137.4127.9113.1108.3100.0
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research.
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research.
6
TEU: Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit. Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities.
7
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
8
Source: UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by Lloyds List Intelligence.
e
Estimated.
g
Break.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 09 December 2016