General profile: Japan

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
126.324 Millions
108.793 JPY/US$
4 919 661 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
-0.12 %
1.00 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
594 941
769 774
624 787
644 933
Merchandise imports
515 866
694 059
647 982
606 927
Merchandise trade balance
79 074
75 715
-23 195
38 006
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
7 %7 %93 %93 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
130 586113 83046 23539 29733 624130 586113 83046 23539 29733 624
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
102 029
134 414
162 673
173 821
Services imports
139 030
164 703
178 614
184 710
Services trade balance
-37 001
-30 290
-15 941
-10 889
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
35.1
31.4
21.8
18.2
Travel
12.2
9.8
15.3
17.7
Other services
52.4
58.3
62.3
63.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
100100919182828383878790901021028585969610810810910910810811311310510598989090100100959587877878797981818181878790907575838389899595100100103103101101100100100100100918283879010285961081091081131059890100958778798181879075838995100103101100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.0 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
4 755 410
5 700 098
4 383 076
4 919 661
GDP per capita, current US$
37 450
44 770
34 629
38 945
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
1.66
4.19
1.22
1.00
Current account balance, % of GDP
3.58
3.88
3.09
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
110.218
87.780
121.044
108.793
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
56.619.923.917.618.056.619.923.917.618.0
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
2 775.76
-1 251.81
-2 250.04
11 388.41
FDI outflows
45 781.25
56 263.41
128 653.84
145 242.43
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.02
0.03
0.09
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
3 670.33 670.33 733.93 733.92 363.92 363.92 539.62 539.62 131.72 131.71 684.51 684.51 594.51 594.51 732.41 732.41 383.91 383.91 177.01 177.0905.0905.0773.6773.6811.1811.11 126.91 126.91 249.61 249.6773.4773.411 38811 388-2 250-2 25010 61210 6122 3042 3041 7321 732-1 758-1 758-1 252-1 25211 93811 93824 42524 42522 54922 549-6 506-6 5062 7762 7767 8157 8156 3246 3249 2399 2396 2426 2428 3238 3233 670.33 733.92 363.92 539.62 131.71 684.51 594.51 732.41 383.91 177.0905.0773.6811.11 126.91 249.6773.411 388-2 25010 6122 3041 732-1 758-1 25211 93824 42522 549-6 5062 7767 8156 3249 2396 2428 323FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
1.47
1.37
-0.53
0.82
Balance, % of imports
11.61
9.88
-2.88
5.25
Normalized balance
0.055
0.047
-0.015
0.026
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
323638353131292535343127
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
57%Male 57%Female
43%Female 43%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
1.788 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
16 013 000 000
17 707 219 000
30 670 134 000
32 274 043 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
66.73
67.43
68.82
78.90
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
18 098 346
(e) 20 744 461
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
16.95
10.68
8.52
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
13.47
11.98
12.79
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
6.75
6.80
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017