General profile: Japan

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
127.484 Millions
112.166 JPY/US$
4 858 713 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 364 560 km²
0.47 %
1.70 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+8.3 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
594 941
769 774
624 787
698 131
Merchandise imports
515 866
694 059
647 982
671 921
Merchandise trade balance
79 075
75 715
-23 195
26 210
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
8 %8 %92 %92 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
135 060132 78653 30840 64435 437135 060132 78653 30840 64435 437
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
102 029
134 414
162 637
(e) 184 771
Services imports
139 030
164 704
178 587
(e) 190 889
Services trade balance
-37 001
-30 290
-15 950
(e) -6 119
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
35.1
31.4
21.8
(e) 18.4
Travel
12.2
9.8
15.4
(e) 18.4
Other services
52.4
58.3
62.3
(e) 62.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
115115114114103103888888889292949410410490901001001131131081081081081131131061061001009393100100696972726767585859596060626268687474626272727575838392929898101101101101100100115114103888892941049010011310810811310610093100697267585960626874627275839298101101100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.7 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
4 755 410
5 700 098
4 379 869
4 858 713
GDP per capita, current US$
37 054
44 341
34 224
38 112
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
1.66
4.19
1.11
1.70
Current account balance, % of GDP
3.58
3.88
3.12
4.03
Exchange rate (/US$)
110.218
87.780
121.044
112.166
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
55.919.823.316.215.255.919.823.316.215.2
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
2 775.76
-1 251.81
3 308.82
10 429.83
FDI outflows
45 781.25
56 263.41
134 232.86
160 449.43
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.02
0.03
0.08
0.09
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
4 578.54 578.53 818.93 818.93 325.13 325.13 733.93 733.92 363.92 363.92 539.62 539.62 131.72 131.71 684.51 684.51 594.51 594.51 732.41 732.41 383.91 383.91 177.01 177.0905.0905.0773.6773.6811.1811.11 126.91 126.91 249.51 249.5773.4773.410 43010 43011 38811 3883 3093 30912 03012 0302 3042 3041 7321 732-1 758-1 758-1 252-1 25211 93811 93824 42524 42522 54922 549-6 506-6 5062 7762 7767 8157 8156 3246 3249 2399 2396 2426 2428 3238 3234 578.53 818.93 325.13 733.92 363.92 539.62 131.71 684.51 594.51 732.41 383.91 177.0905.0773.6811.11 126.91 249.5773.410 43011 3883 30912 0302 3041 732-1 758-1 25211 93824 42522 549-6 5062 7767 8156 3249 2396 2428 323FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
1.47
1.37
-0.53
(e) 0.78
Balance, % of imports
11.56
9.89
-2.88
(e) 4.55
Normalized balance
0.055
0.047
-0.015
(e) 0.022
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
35323638353131292535343127
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
57%Male 57%Female
43%Female 43%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
1.864 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
16 013
17 707
30 670
34 711
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
66.73
67.43
68.82
72.66
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
19 547 865
20 577 013
21 904 443
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
16.95
10.68
8.52
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
13.47
11.98
12.79
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
6.75
6.80
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 19 November 2018