General profile: Kenya

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
47.251 Millions
101.504 KES/US$
69 094 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
6.30 %
6.00 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-3.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
3 420
5 169
5 906
5 700
Merchandise imports
5 846
12 093
16 093
14 113
Merchandise trade balance
-2 426
-6 924
-10 187
-8 413
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
8 %8 %36 %36 %12 %12 %44 %44 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
549478416399397549478416399397
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
1 883
3 772
(e) 4 380
(e) 3 885
Services imports
1 152
2 089
(e) 2 388
(e) 3 095
Services trade balance
731
1 683
(e) 1 992
(e) 790
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
39.2
43.7
(e) 44.4
(e) 36.1
Travel
30.8
21.2
(e) 16.4
(e) 24.1
Other services
29.9
34.7
(e) 38.8
(e) 39.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
200200196196177177167167170170158158169169158158158158150150139139147147130130131131125125116116100100102102102102898988889292929295959797868686868989909090909191929295951001002001961771671701581691581581501391471301311251161001021028988929295978686899090919295100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+6.0 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
21 506
40 000
63 399
69 094
GDP per capita, current US$
608
992
1 377
1 462
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
5.91
8.40
5.65
6.00
Current account balance, % of GDP
-1.17
-5.92
-6.37
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
75.554
79.233
98.179
101.504
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
79.314.521.215.829.079.314.521.215.829.0
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
21.21
1 197.55
619.72
394.01
FDI outflows
9.69
16.59
44.79
65.90
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
..
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
3943946206208218211 1191 1191 3801 3801 4501 4501 1981 1981 4911 4914884881 1081 10851512121464682822828551111113946208211 1191 3801 4501 1981 4914881 10851214682285111FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-6.49
-11.37
(e) -11.53
(e) -12.80
Balance, % of imports
-20.72
-33.61
(e) -41.32
(e) -46.23
Normalized balance
-0.116
-0.202
(e) -0.260
(e) -0.301
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
434452535763565058545556
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
16 000 000
14 035 000
8 628 000
8 628 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
8.98
13.09
11.34
13.66
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
696 000
(e) 1 010 000
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.23
1.35
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.11
7.22
..
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017