General profile: Spain

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
46.065 Millions
0.904 EUR/US$
1 225 404 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
-0.20 %
3.20 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
192 644
254 418
282 478
287 415
Merchandise imports
288 786
327 016
312 016
309 310
Merchandise trade balance
-96 141
-72 598
-29 538
-21 894
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %74 %74 %4 %4 %17 %17 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
42 62231 81322 47121 20420 13642 62231 81322 47121 20420 136
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
92 174
113 151
118 332
(e) 127 132
Services imports
61 340
68 218
65 127
(e) 70 960
Services trade balance
30 834
44 932
53 205
(e) 56 172
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
-
-
13.4
(e) 12.9
Travel
-
48.2
47.7
(e) 47.5
Other services
-
-
(e) 35.7
(e) 36.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
153153147147137137132132124124125125120120110110118118122122116116111111112112109109105105103103100100929292928888888890909292959598989494969696969797999910010010010010010010010015314713713212412512011011812211611111210910510310092928888909295989496969799100100100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
1 157 248
1 431 588
1 192 955
1 225 404
GDP per capita, current US$
26 388
30 720
25 865
26 602
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.72
0.01
3.20
3.20
Current account balance, % of GDP
-7.52
-3.94
1.40
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.904
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
58.119.420.133.230.758.119.420.133.230.7
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.4 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
25 020.18
39 872.51
11 910.27
18 658.86
FDI outflows
41 829.47
37 843.80
44 489.10
41 789.39
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
..
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
18 65918 65911 91011 91025 65525 65537 43637 43625 69625 69628 37928 37939 87339 87310 40710 40776 99376 99364 26464 26430 80230 80225 02025 02024 76124 76125 81925 81939 22339 22328 40828 40839 57539 57518 65911 91025 65537 43625 69628 37939 87310 40776 99364 26430 80225 02024 76125 81939 22328 40839 575FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-4.97
-1.28
2.44
(e) 2.98
Balance, % of imports
-16.77
-4.78
7.93
(e) 9.83
Normalized balance
-0.092
-0.025
0.038
(e) 0.047
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
646463616058524756575654
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
56%Male 56%Female
44%Female 44%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.101 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
2 655 000 000
2 554 732 000
1 836 087 000
1 823 775 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
58.16
74.32
84.89
86.13
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
12 613 016
(e) 14 710 955
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.73
2.19
1.26
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
7.23
6.68
4.98
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(l) 3.94
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
l
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017