General profile: Spain

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
46.354 Millions
0.887 EUR/US$
1 311 937 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 500 210 km²
1.96 %
3.10 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+10.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
192 644
254 418
282 478
320 515
Merchandise imports
288 786
327 016
312 016
350 636
Merchandise trade balance
-96 141
-72 598
-29 538
-30 122
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
1 %1 %72 %72 %6 %6 %4 %4 %17 %17 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
46 95534 89925 08422 37921 37146 95534 89925 08422 37921 371
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
92 174
113 151
118 131
(e) 139 072
Services imports
61 340
68 218
65 389
(e) 76 297
Services trade balance
30 834
44 932
52 742
(e) 62 775
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
-
-
13.1
(e) 12.8
Travel
-
48.2
47.9
(e) 49.1
Other services
-
-
35.8
(e) 34.9
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
154154147147137137132132124124125125120120110110118118122122116116111111112112109109105105103103100100929292928888888890909292959598989494969696969797999910010010010010010010010015414713713212412512011011812211611111210910510310092928888909295989496969799100100100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
1 157 248
1 431 617
1 197 790
1 311 937
GDP per capita, current US$
26 276
30 598
25 816
28 302
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.72
0.01
3.43
3.10
Current account balance, % of GDP
-7.52
-3.94
1.36
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.887
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
57.618.920.532.929.957.618.920.532.929.9
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
25 020.18
39 872.51
19 559.50
19 086.15
FDI outflows
41 829.47
37 843.80
50 531.30
40 785.56
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.58
0.61
0.86
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
10 352.410 352.410 280.910 280.910 748.910 748.910 648.310 648.39 714.79 714.79 655.99 655.98 684.68 684.68 582.68 582.69 742.89 742.88 963.68 963.67 353.27 353.26 661.76 661.77 540.07 540.06 568.06 568.05 584.05 584.05 099.05 099.04 862.04 862.019 08619 08619 66019 66019 56019 56025 23825 23837 43637 43625 69625 69628 37928 37939 87339 87310 40710 40776 99376 99364 26464 26430 80230 80225 02025 02024 76124 76125 81925 81939 22339 22328 40828 40839 57539 57510 352.410 280.910 748.910 648.39 714.79 655.98 684.68 582.69 742.88 963.67 353.26 661.77 540.06 568.05 584.05 099.04 862.019 08619 66019 56025 23837 43625 69628 37939 87310 40776 99364 26430 80225 02024 76125 81939 22328 40839 575FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
-4.97
-1.28
2.34
(e) 2.90
Balance, % of imports
-16.77
-4.78
7.62
(e) 9.16
Normalized balance
-0.092
-0.025
0.037
(e) 0.044
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
66636463616058524756575654
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
56%Male 56%Female
44%Female 44%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.102 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
2 655
2 555
1 836
1 908
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
58.16
74.32
84.89
82.15
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
12 558 770
14 271 905
17 065 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.73
2.19
1.26
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
7.23
6.68
4.98
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 3.94
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 14 August 2018