General profile: Egypt

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
93.384 Millions
10.070 EGP/US$
283 962 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
13.81 %
3.40 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+19.3 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
12 912
26 438
21 349
25 468
Merchandise imports
22 449
52 923
63 574
55 789
Merchandise trade balance
-9 537
-26 485
-42 225
-30 321
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
13 %13 %46 %46 %18 %18 %4 %4 %19 %19 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
2 4341 9041 6681 5171 3382 4341 9041 6681 5171 338
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
14 643
23 807
18 539
(e) 14 305
Services imports
10 508
14 718
17 467
(e) 16 978
Services trade balance
4 135
9 089
1 072
(e) -2 672
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
32.4
33.3
52.5
(e) 62.1
Travel
46.8
52.6
32.7
(e) 18.5
Other services
20.8
14.1
14.8
(e) 19.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
316316251251275275293293292292295295296296280280289289244244236236194194158158132132106106939310010014414414414414914915115115215214914914014013713714814813113113613612312310610697979393969610010031625127529329229529628028924423619415813210693100144144149151152149140137148131136123106979396100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.4 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
94 456
214 630
315 917
283 962
GDP per capita, current US$
1 260
2 616
3 452
3 041
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.47
5.15
4.20
3.40
Current account balance, % of GDP
2.23
-2.10
-5.30
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
5.779
5.622
7.691
10.070
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
82.211.814.413.221.682.211.814.413.221.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
5 375.60
6 385.60
6 925.20
8 106.80
FDI outflows
92.00
1 175.50
181.70
206.60
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
..
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
8 1078 1076 9256 9254 6124 6124 2564 2566 0316 031-483-4836 3866 3866 7126 7129 4959 49511 57811 57810 04310 0435 3765 3762 1572 1572372376476475105101 2351 2358 1076 9254 6124 2566 031-4836 3866 7129 49511 57810 0435 3762 1572376475101 235FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-3.82
-5.14
-9.48
(e) -13.86
Balance, % of imports
-10.52
-18.43
-44.36
(e) -53.41
Normalized balance
-0.056
-0.101
-0.285
(e) -0.364
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
383341414347515274747269
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
75%Male 75%Female
25%Female 25%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.084 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1 644 000 000
1 517 889 000
1 502 733 000
1 524 252 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
49.23
47.55
61.45
62.50
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
6 709 053
(e) 8 810 990
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.13
0.14
3.70
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.41
3.75
4.47
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017