General profile: Egypt

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
97.553 Millions
17.783 EGP/US$
197 137 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 995 450 km²
29.50 %
5.10 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
12 912
26 438
21 349
25 604
Merchandise imports
22 449
52 923
63 574
61 627
Merchandise trade balance
-9 537
-26 485
-42 225
-36 023
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
11 %11 %47 %47 %22 %22 %4 %4 %17 %17 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
2 3442 0861 6901 6231 5192 3442 0861 6901 6231 519
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
14 643
23 807
18 539
(e) 20 033
Services imports
10 508
14 718
17 519
(e) 17 399
Services trade balance
4 135
9 089
1 020
(e) 2 634
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
32.4
33.3
52.5
(e) 45.4
Travel
46.8
52.6
32.7
(e) 38.8
Other services
20.8
14.1
14.8
(e) 15.8
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
318318252252276276295295293293297297297297280280290290244244236236194194157157132132106106939310010014714714514515015015115115315314914914014013713714814813113113613612312310610697979393969610010031825227629529329729728029024423619415713210693100147145150151153149140137148131136123106979396100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+5.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
94 456
214 630
317 750
197 137
GDP per capita, current US$
1 230
2 552
3 388
2 021
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.47
5.15
6.30
5.10
Current account balance, % of GDP
2.23
-2.10
-5.31
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
5.779
5.622
7.691
17.783
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
82.811.415.010.419.682.811.415.010.419.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
5 375.60
6 385.60
6 925.20
7 391.70
FDI outflows
92.00
1 175.50
181.70
199.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
5.31
5.80
5.80
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
16 584.516 584.518 325.418 325.419 570.419 570.417 833.117 833.119 236.419 236.414 324.314 324.312 453.112 453.17 149.67 149.68 694.08 694.07 655.87 655.85 329.55 329.55 017.35 017.33 340.03 340.02 960.02 960.02 890.02 890.02 910.02 910.02 850.02 850.07 3927 3928 1078 1076 9256 9254 6124 6124 2564 2566 0316 031-483-4836 3866 3866 7126 7129 4959 49511 57811 57810 04310 0435 3765 3762 1572 1572372376476475105101 2351 23516 584.518 325.419 570.417 833.119 236.414 324.312 453.17 149.68 694.07 655.85 329.55 017.33 340.02 960.02 890.02 910.02 850.07 3928 1076 9254 6124 2566 031-4836 3866 7129 49511 57810 0435 3762 1572376475101 235FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
-3.82
-5.14
-9.56
(e) -13.53
Balance, % of imports
-10.52
-18.43
-44.70
(e) -38.10
Normalized balance
-0.056
-0.101
-0.288
(e) -0.235
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
57373341414347515274747269
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
75%Male 75%Female
25%Female 25%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.083 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1 644
1 518
1 503
1 546
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
49.23
47.55
61.45
54.62
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
6 833 009
7 186 489
7 430 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.13
0.14
3.70
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.41
3.75
4.47
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 14 August 2018