General profile: Kazakhstan

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
17.855 Millions
342.160 KZT/US$
135 276 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
14.51 %
0.30 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-20.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
27 849
59 971
45 956
36 776
Merchandise imports
17 353
31 107
30 568
25 175
Merchandise trade balance
10 496
28 864
15 388
11 601
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
0 %0 %18 %18 %61 %61 %16 %16 %6 %6 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
7 4754 2153 5093 2562 6887 4754 2153 5093 2562 688
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
2 087
4 119
6 410
(e) 6 255
Services imports
7 521
11 369
11 533
(e) 10 997
Services trade balance
-5 434
-7 250
-5 123
(e) -4 743
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
49.1
55.4
56.4
(e) 56.7
Travel
33.6
24.4
23.9
(e) 24.8
Other services
17.3
20.0
18.6
(e) 17.8
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
294294353353553553583583585585566566444444329329518518389389333333257257201201142142113113100100100100129129146146217217231231233233234234198198162162217217182182175175147147118118101101939392921001002943535535835855664443295183893332572011421131001001291462172312332341981622171821751471181019392100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.3 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
57 124
148 047
181 754
135 276
GDP per capita, current US$
3 697
9 077
10 312
7 576
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
9.70
7.30
1.20
0.30
Current account balance, % of GDP
-1.81
0.94
-3.20
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
132.880
147.355
221.728
342.160
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
52.011.828.128.925.052.011.828.128.925.0
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
-4.0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
1 971.22
11 550.72
4 012.08
9 069.31
FDI outflows
-147.86
7 885.48
888.93
-5 367.02
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.11
0.15
0.10
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
175.9175.9228.5228.5207.0207.0178.1178.1179.7179.7225.6225.6198.2198.2125.6125.6143.0143.083.683.662.062.057.457.442.242.2111.2111.285.085.067.567.59 0699 0694 0124 0128 4068 40610 32110 32113 33713 33713 97313 97311 55111 55113 24313 24314 32214 32211 11911 1196 2786 2781 9711 9714 1574 1572 0922 0922 5902 5902 8352 8351 2831 283175.9228.5207.0178.1179.7225.6198.2125.6143.083.662.057.442.2111.285.067.59 0694 0128 40610 32113 33713 97311 55113 24314 32211 1196 2781 9714 1572 0922 5902 8351 283FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
8.63
14.35
4.16
(e) 3.47
Balance, % of imports
19.35
48.01
16.65
(e) 12.06
Normalized balance
0.088
0.194
0.077
(e) 0.057
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
615465657473747594929298
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
51%Male 51%Female
49%Female 49%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.009 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
20 000 000
91 306 000
147 272 000
157 541 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
..
..
..
..
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.06
0.05
0.19
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.03
4.97
4.89
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017