General profile: Brazil

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
209.568 Millions
3.489 BRL/US$
1 771 782 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
8.74 %
-3.60 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-3.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
118 529
201 915
191 134
185 280
Merchandise imports
77 628
191 537
178 832
143 474
Merchandise trade balance
40 901
10 378
12 302
41 806
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %38 %38 %6 %6 %12 %12 %5 %5 %37 %37 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
35 13423 30013 41810 3234 86135 13423 30013 41810 3234 861
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
(e) 15 442
30 800
33 778
(e) 33 300
Services imports
23 471
60 828
70 696
(e) 63 750
Services trade balance
(e) -8 029
-30 027
-36 919
(e) -30 450
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
20.4
16.0
14.7
(e) 15.2
Travel
25.0
17.1
17.3
(e) 18.1
Other services
54.6
66.8
66.7
(e) 65.6
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
242242226226235235247247245245260260233233183183209209208208193193177177160160133133117117109109100100112112108108122122125125128128136136125125108108110110106106104104999998989797989810010010010024222623524724526023318320920819317716013311710910011210812212512813612510811010610499989798100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-3.6 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
891 634
2 208 838
1 772 591
1 771 782
GDP per capita, current US$
4 731
11 121
8 528
8 454
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.20
7.53
-3.85
-3.60
Current account balance, % of GDP
1.57
-3.43
-3.32
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
2.434
1.759
3.327
3.489
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
63.420.217.713.014.363.420.217.713.014.3
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
-0.7 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
15 066.29
83 748.99
64 266.95
58 679.59
FDI outflows
2 516.70
22 059.93
3 091.67
-12 433.82
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.31
(g) 0.14
0.17
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
2 896.92 896.92 647.92 647.92 717.72 717.72 784.12 784.13 214.63 214.63 082.83 082.82 889.22 889.23 642.63 642.63 305.73 305.73 287.23 287.22 805.42 805.42 812.52 812.52 286.72 286.72 003.82 003.81 448.91 448.91 349.61 349.658 68058 68064 26764 26773 08673 08653 06053 06076 09876 09896 15296 15283 74983 74925 94925 94945 05845 05834 58534 58518 82218 82215 06615 06618 14618 14610 14410 14416 59016 59022 45722 45732 77932 7792 896.92 647.92 717.72 784.13 214.63 082.82 889.23 642.63 305.73 287.22 805.42 812.52 286.72 003.81 448.91 349.658 68064 26773 08653 06076 09896 15283 74925 94945 05834 58518 82215 06618 14610 14416 59022 45732 779FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
(e) 3.97
-0.52
-1.09
(e) 0.82
Balance, % of imports
(e) 36.01
-4.73
-7.92
(e) 7.18
Normalized balance
(e) 0.153
-0.024
-0.041
(e) 0.035
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
242624252423222127252526
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
56%Male 56%Female
44%Female 44%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.241 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
4 021 000 000
3 406 756 000
3 951 581 000
4 347 186 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
31.49
31.65
41.02
39.93
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
8 138 608
(e) 10 678 564
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.12
1.01
0.45
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
12.10
9.46
8.41
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
g
Break.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017