General profile: Russian Federation

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
145.103 Millions
73.654 RUB/US$
1 769 867 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 16 376 870 km²
6.69 %
4.69 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+48.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
243 798
400 630
341 419
493 820
Merchandise imports
125 434
248 634
193 019
303 994
Merchandise trade balance
118 364
151 996
148 400
189 826
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %23 %23 %55 %55 %9 %9 %8 %8 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
67 73041 73529 35026 24722 59567 73041 73529 35026 24722 595
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
28 845
49 159
51 616
(e) 56 587
Services imports
40 471
75 279
88 768
(e) 75 902
Services trade balance
-11 626
-26 120
-37 152
(e) -19 315
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
31.6
30.3
32.2
(e) 33.5
Travel
20.3
18.0
16.3
(e) 7.1
Other services
40.0
43.3
46.4
(e) 55.1
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
13097120122100851001231271321271068212610697816451423940115891091089282100131137147140115951431191141008373676972
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.7 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
771 495
1 539 845
1 363 482
1 769 867
GDP per capita, current US$
5 365
10 750
9 425
12 197
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
6.38
4.50
-1.97
4.69
Current account balance, % of GDP
10.94
4.38
4.97
6.90
Exchange rate (/US$)
28.284
30.368
60.938
73.654
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
52.018.224.025.520.652.018.224.025.520.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.6 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
14 375.05
31 667.97
11 857.81
38 239.68
FDI outflows
16 746.64
41 116.46
27 089.94
63 602.49
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.45
0.34
0.51
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
9 836.310 432.59 287.38 235.06 688.76 903.47 776.56 750.85 787.76 103.35 250.05 105.15 737.04 666.33 820.43 436.62 206.81 113.7936.038 24010 41032 07613 22825 95437 17611 85829 15253 39730 18836 86831 66827 75275 85654 92237 44214 37515 2847 7553 4252 8082 651FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
13.55
7.85
8.16
(e) 9.63
Balance, % of imports
63.64
37.66
39.48
(e) 44.88
Normalized balance
0.241
0.158
0.165
(e) 0.183
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
5346505147474948464748504853515456
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
75%Urban 75%Rural
25%Rural 25%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.511 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
8 420
7 283
8 090
10 922
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
26.91
45.77
35.39
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
3 243 368
3 909 400
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.18
0.22
0.81
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
7.76
8.53
9.14
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
4.38
..
3.27
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022