General profile: Bangladesh

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
164.670 Millions
80.438 BDT/US$
245 695 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 130 170 km²
5.78 %
7.20 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
9 297
19 194
32 379
35 851
Merchandise imports
13 889
27 821
42 047
52 836
Merchandise trade balance
-4 592
-8 627
-9 669
-16 985
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %95 %95 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
5 2595 0733 3332 3582 1115 2595 0733 3332 3582 111
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
1 455
2 445
3 233
3 859
Services imports
2 297
4 389
7 719
9 263
Services trade balance
-843
-1 944
-4 486
-5 404
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
8.4
7.2
12.4
13.0
Travel
5.1
3.3
4.6
8.7
Other services
77.3
88.0
80.8
76.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
317317324324295295243243231231195195178178166166147147134134131131139139117117113113104104101101100100100100656568686767606060606161565661616767595968687575808086869393103103104104100100317324295243231195178166147134131139117113104101100100656867606061566167596875808693103104100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
57 628
114 508
194 466
245 695
GDP per capita, current US$
402
753
1 206
1 492
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
5.96
5.57
6.55
7.20
Current account balance, % of GDP
0.88
1.84
1.33
-2.59
Exchange rate (/US$)
64.327
69.649
77.947
80.438
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
69.15.929.716.621.369.15.929.716.621.3
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
845.26
913.32
2 235.39
2 151.56
FDI outflows
3.30
15.40
45.50
169.83
Personal remittances, % of GDP
8.06
9.48
7.87
5.48
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
13 469.513 469.513 544.013 544.015 295.515 295.514 987.514 987.513 867.013 867.014 119.614 119.612 071.112 071.110 850.210 850.210 520.710 520.78 940.68 940.66 562.36 562.35 427.55 427.54 642.44 642.43 583.83 583.83 191.73 191.72 858.12 858.12 104.62 104.61 967.51 967.52 1522 1522 3332 3332 2352 2351 5511 5511 5991 5991 2931 2931 1361 1369139137007001 0861 08666666679279284584546046035035033533535435457957913 469.513 544.015 295.514 987.513 867.014 119.612 071.110 850.210 520.78 940.66 562.35 427.54 642.43 583.83 191.72 858.12 104.61 967.52 1522 3332 2351 5511 5991 2931 1369137001 086666792845460350335354579FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
-6.71
-6.83
-5.46
-7.19
Balance, % of imports
-25.69
-26.54
-23.28
-31.08
Normalized balance
-0.147
-0.153
-0.132
-0.184
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
39394145485153453947424246
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
59%Male 59%Female
41%Female 41%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.099 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
627
975
2 002
1 845
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
5.07
7.55
9.31
11.87
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 349 627
2 044 651
2 587 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.06
0.05
0.05
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
6.15
4.05
3.06
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 19 November 2018