Maritime profile: United States of America

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade¹
333.968 Millions
21 039 984 Millions current US$
3 839 184 Millions current US$
Land area²
GDP growth
Transport services trade³
(j) 9 156 640 Km²
-3.48 %
1 165 944 Millions current US$
MARITIME KEY FIGURES FOR 2020
More data on UNCTADstat
Coast/area ratio²
Ship building
Ship recycling
14.7 m/km²
71 289 GT
35 298 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
12 511 Thousands DWT
3 626 ships
56 919 Thousands DWT
Container port throughput
Number of seafarers
Number of port calls
55 518 878 TEU
33 218
246 863
WORLD SHARES FOR 2020
4.28 %8.25 %24.79 %8.14 %13.52 %0.60 %0.96 %2.77 %9.31 %0.12 %0.20 %2.37 %1.70 %6.84 %4.36 %4.15 %1.61 %5.30 %4.42 %6.94 %4.28 %8.25 %24.79 %8.14 %13.52 %0.60 %0.96 %2.77 %9.31 %0.12 %0.20 %2.37 %1.70 %6.84 %4.36 %4.15 %1.61 %5.30 %4.42 %6.94 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-12.9 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
901 082
1 278 495
1 502 572
1 431 638
Merchandise imports
1 732 706
1 969 184
2 315 301
2 407 545
Merchandise trade balance
-831 624
-690 689
-812 729
-975 907
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %69 %69 %12 %12 %4 %4 %11 %11 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
255 022212 672124 64964 09158 975255 022212 672124 64964 09158 975
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
-37.7 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2020
Services exports by main category¹⁰
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
15.4
13.1
11.0
8.0
Travel
24.7
22.4
25.1
10.3
Other services
58.1
62.2
61.4
79.8
Total trade in transport services¹⁰
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport services exports
58 377
76 357
84 434
56 706
Transport services imports
78 796
88 394
99 557
72 411
Transport services trade balance
-20 419
-12 037
-15 123
-15 705
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.6 %
Fleet growth rate in2020
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Total fleet
11 658.4
12 791.8
11 794.0
12 511.4
Oil tankers
4 245.0
3 973.7
3 173.4
4 000.4
Bulk carriers
2 249.8
2 232.6
306.7
226.7
General cargo
717.3
966.0
2 063.4
2 057.6
Container ships
3 318.5
3 781.9
3 178.5
3 053.0
Other types of ships
1 127.8
1 837.7
3 072.0
3 173.7
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
338863102568339662103568340162104568337761108563333062110757
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2020¹¹
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.5320.4740.4620.4530.4520.4430.4430.4360.4320.4290.5320.4740.4620.4530.4520.4430.4430.4360.4320.429
Liner shipping connectivity index¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China
103.8103.4102.593.395.686.486.792.992.086.388.086.185.685.085.289.782.084.293.493.487.187.586.886.185.586.986.485.188.886.985.084.086.284.283.876.476.879.279.477.779.278.576.275.075.076.875.575.075.575.475.774.276.478.278.577.279.880.780.679.2
PORT CALLS AND PERFORMANCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Port calls, time spent in ports, vessel age and size in 2020
 
Number of arrivals
Median time
in port (days)
Avg age
of vessels
Avg size (GT)
of vessels
Avg cargo
carrying
capacity (DWT)
per vessel
Avg container
carrying
capacity (TEU)
per container ship
Maximum size (GT) of vessels
All ships
246 863
1.45
24
15 680
47 136
5 347
232 618
Liquid bulk carriers
20 269
1.62
11
34 662
59 821
..
170 618
Liquefied petroleum gas carriers
2 326
1.97
9
31 315
35 752
..
59 229
Liquefied natural gas carriers
859
1.26
6
103 165
82 123
..
149 367
Dry bulk carriers
14 117
1.99
19
28 870
51 059
..
109 824
Dry breakbulk carriers
6 654
1.91
17
13 047
18 173
..
91 649
Roll-on/ roll-off ships
5 874
..
13
59 546
22 420
..
100 430
Container ships
20 037
1.03
14
59 997
..
5 347
232 618
Passenger ships
176 727
..
28
5 893
..
..
228 081
Port liner shipping connectivity index - Top 5 ports in 2020¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China, Hong Kong SAR
44.644.443.842.641.741.741.641.541.241.542.642.742.441.438.836.134.834.833.332.533.633.433.333.132.832.231.531.531.431.231.131.430.831.130.930.730.930.929.129.629.529.429.729.025.626.422.924.026.424.426.125.727.528.027.528.130.029.428.728.453.350.144.943.442.442.342.142.642.543.343.343.743.542.742.648.341.342.351.751.544.043.739.341.938.842.742.840.843.041.641.541.243.041.441.834.634.737.137.836.834.133.632.433.933.533.632.733.434.634.833.633.633.832.832.131.832.633.133.333.056.756.555.645.948.239.540.746.547.441.242.040.842.941.440.146.639.839.841.441.641.641.541.842.041.942.336.834.234.134.333.934.232.637.139.431.730.830.430.732.131.931.230.030.430.730.931.131.231.131.031.229.330.428.430.030.132.932.132.828.850.249.648.547.548.348.648.748.148.348.848.748.748.847.745.441.741.841.739.942.440.040.340.140.340.340.539.539.540.139.639.337.838.239.539.539.338.439.439.037.837.236.633.533.132.332.331.829.931.231.031.031.731.931.732.032.031.832.932.731.951.651.450.349.049.048.949.148.648.348.948.849.148.842.640.241.641.942.641.443.741.041.542.141.239.640.640.641.041.741.241.241.241.141.041.340.740.740.539.039.939.639.939.938.635.636.235.734.134.333.733.034.535.535.835.235.135.735.635.834.9
Source: Detailed data sources are available in the documentation of the corresponding tables in the Data Center (http://stats.unctad.org/data_center). A link to these tables is provided in each section of the profile.
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Sum of exports and imports. Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
6
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
7
UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities. Refers to year 2019.
8
Refers to year 2015. Source: BIMCO-ICS Manpower Report 2015.
9
UNCTAD Secretariat, based on data provided by MarineTraffic (http://marinetraffic.com). Ships of 1000 GT and above.
10
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
11
UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdst.co.uk).
j
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
LNG:
Liquefied natural gas
LPG:
Liquefied petroleum gas
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
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Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.
The designations "developing", "transition" and "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular economy in the development process.

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Generation date: 22 July 2021