Maritime profile: Thailand

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade¹
69.800 Millions
499 669 Millions current US$
438 460 Millions current US$
Land area²
GDP growth
Transport services trade³
(j) 510 890 Km²
-6.11 %
78 561 Millions current US$
MARITIME KEY FIGURES FOR 2020
More data on UNCTADstat
Coast/area ratio²
Ship building
Ship recycling
13.8 m/km²
542 GT
0.000 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
6 701 Thousands DWT
845 ships
5 527 Thousands DWT
Container port throughput
Number of seafarers
Number of port calls
10 755 780 TEU
12 454
28 480
WORLD SHARES FOR 2020
0.90 %0.43 %0.59 %1.32 %1.16 %0.32 %0.15 %0.27 %0.20 % Less than 0.01% of the World total Less than 0.01% of the World total0.85 %0.67 %1.33 %1.76 %2.53 %0.56 %0.28 %5.18 %0.62 %0.90 %0.43 %0.59 %1.32 %1.16 %0.32 %0.15 %0.27 %0.20 % Less than 0.01% of the World total Less than 0.01% of the World total0.85 %0.67 %1.33 %1.76 %2.53 %0.56 %0.28 %5.18 %0.62 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-6.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
110 936
193 306
214 310
231 468
Merchandise imports
118 178
182 921
202 653
206 992
Merchandise trade balance
-7 241
10 385
11 657
24 477
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
10 %10 %72 %72 %4 %4 %14 %14 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
32 74328 39721 80610 75310 64332 74328 39721 80610 75310 643
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
-53.1 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2020
Services exports by main category¹⁰
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
23.2
17.2
9.9
10.7
Travel
48.1
58.5
71.0
44.8
Other services
28.7
24.2
19.1
44.6
Total trade in transport services¹⁰
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport services exports
4 626
5 914
5 743
3 377
Transport services imports
14 439
18 858
15 662
18 388
Transport services trade balance
-9 813
-12 944
-9 919
-15 011
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
+15.5 %
Fleet growth rate in2020
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Total fleet
4 382.0
3 746.8
5 366.3
6 701.3
Oil tankers
619.0
1 037.8
2 823.1
4 063.6
Bulk carriers
1 562.0
882.6
1 333.4
1 119.8
General cargo
1 805.0
1 300.2
436.3
371.4
Container ships
274.0
313.7
268.2
341.0
Other types of ships
122.0
212.4
505.4
805.5
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
438289626257448279827245435258927252411249225246392229938235
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2020¹¹
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.4620.4390.4310.4160.3800.3680.3650.3610.3520.3480.4620.4390.4310.4160.3800.3680.3650.3610.3520.348
Liner shipping connectivity index¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China
63.460.855.951.651.251.751.651.844.744.545.244.643.842.741.743.343.744.544.744.144.043.342.942.041.141.442.042.043.342.938.539.339.538.337.838.939.338.839.339.443.342.442.641.440.940.733.935.334.735.836.037.338.336.437.536.737.637.236.836.1
PORT CALLS AND PERFORMANCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Port calls, time spent in ports, vessel age and size in 2020
 
Number of arrivals
Median time
in port (days)
Avg age
of vessels
Avg size (GT)
of vessels
Avg cargo
carrying
capacity (DWT)
per vessel
Avg container
carrying
capacity (TEU)
per container ship
Maximum size (GT) of vessels
All ships
28 480
0.67
17
12 482
11 431
2 177
228 741
Liquid bulk carriers
12 363
0.62
17
6 722
11 389
..
170 618
Liquefied petroleum gas carriers
2 728
0.48
31
2 437
2 578
..
48 419
Liquefied natural gas carriers
77
1.14
10
115 989
92 423
..
137 535
Dry bulk carriers
737
2.90
11
24 321
41 667
..
106 796
Dry breakbulk carriers
2 317
1.63
17
7 244
9 635
..
54 725
Roll-on/ roll-off ships
754
..
16
34 785
11 844
..
76 420
Container ships
8 107
0.67
11
23 072
..
2 177
228 741
Passenger ships
1 397
..
32
6 322
..
..
168 666
Port liner shipping connectivity index - Top 5 ports in 2020¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China, Hong Kong SAR
3.93.93.93.93.93.93.93.93.93.93.93.93.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.23.13.13.13.14.94.93.34.04.54.33.73.83.83.73.64.65.15.15.25.25.45.45.45.45.46.26.06.06.05.84.65.85.85.85.85.85.75.75.75.85.85.85.85.05.05.04.93.83.43.44.84.84.84.84.84.84.85.05.05.15.25.65.05.34.64.74.84.83.94.64.64.64.65.35.317.417.216.516.416.616.917.117.217.817.817.617.717.717.517.116.817.718.218.318.218.017.318.816.515.716.116.016.116.617.817.617.517.717.116.517.821.418.119.319.819.819.418.817.216.916.916.916.917.317.217.218.319.619.720.219.219.820.019.919.866.064.859.954.654.254.754.554.247.247.046.746.345.544.543.745.146.046.847.246.646.445.945.544.543.543.644.544.245.444.840.641.441.339.839.140.841.240.441.341.644.543.243.241.541.341.034.135.534.135.635.736.436.536.136.035.136.035.534.833.9
Source: Detailed data sources are available in the documentation of the corresponding tables in the Data Center (http://stats.unctad.org/data_center). A link to these tables is provided in each section of the profile.
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Sum of exports and imports. Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
6
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
7
UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities. Refers to year 2019.
8
Refers to year 2015. Source: BIMCO-ICS Manpower Report 2015.
9
UNCTAD Secretariat, based on data provided by MarineTraffic (http://marinetraffic.com). Ships of 1000 GT and above.
10
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
11
UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdst.co.uk).
j
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
LNG:
Liquefied natural gas
LPG:
Liquefied petroleum gas
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
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Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.
The designations "developing", "transition" and "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular economy in the development process.

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Generation date: 22 July 2021