Maritime profile: Spain

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2019
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade¹
46.737 Millions
1 381 685 Millions current US$
705 551 Millions current US$
Land area²
GDP growth
Transport services trade³
(j) 499 564 Km²
1.95 %
(e) 244 439 Millions current US$
MARITIME KEY FIGURES FOR 2019
More data on UNCTADstat
Coast/area ratio²
Ship building
Ship recycling
14.5 m/km²
193 186 GT
5 734 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
1 919 Thousands DWT
483 ships
3 091 Thousands DWT
Container port throughput
Number of seafarers
Number of port calls
17 372 962 TEU
2 388
142 773
WORLD SHARES FOR 2019
0.61 %0.44 %1.58 %1.76 %1.93 %0.10 %0.32 %0.16 %0.40 %0.29 %0.05 %0.20 %0.10 %2.14 %3.19 %3.05 %2.99 %1.18 %2.69 %2.96 %0.61 %0.44 %1.58 %1.76 %1.93 %0.10 %0.32 %0.16 %0.40 %0.29 %0.05 %0.20 %0.10 %2.14 %3.19 %3.05 %2.99 %1.18 %2.69 %2.96 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-3.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2019
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Merchandise exports
192 644
254 418
282 274
333 622
Merchandise imports
288 786
327 016
311 851
371 929
Merchandise trade balance
-96 141
-72 598
-29 578
-38 306
Export structure by product group in 2019
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %71 %71 %6 %6 %4 %4 %17 %17 %
Top 5 partners in 2019
(exports, millions of US$)
49 13934 76725 98924 52322 01749 13934 76725 98924 52322 017
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.7 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2019
Services exports by main category¹⁰
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Transport
-
-
11.4
(e) 11.6
Travel
-
48.2
51.2
(e) 50.5
Other services
-
-
(e) 34.3
(e) 34.3
Total trade in transport services¹⁰
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Transport services exports
-
-
13 941
(e) 18 379
Transport services imports
-
-
10 144
(e) 12 114
Transport services trade balance
-
-
3 797
(e) 6 265
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
-6.1 %
Fleet growth rate in2019
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Total fleet
2 655.0
2 554.7
1 857.1
1 918.6
Oil tankers
962.0
1 035.7
449.3
278.1
Bulk carriers
215.0
34.9
10.9
10.9
General cargo
338.0
207.6
178.1
166.9
Container ships
231.0
164.9
7.9
36.2
Other types of ships
909.0
1 111.7
1 210.9
1 426.5
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
417237126404238127394040128384043127397143128
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2019¹¹
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.5520.5270.5220.5220.5210.5100.5020.4820.4750.4710.5520.5270.5220.5220.5210.5100.5020.4820.4750.471
Liner shipping connectivity index¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China
88.487.884.484.384.484.185.585.885.784.484.782.683.785.482.882.483.181.179.879.678.680.180.071.371.071.670.970.371.771.170.774.875.976.271.474.374.375.175.473.872.872.873.774.071.271.972.971.571.870.770.571.371.469.267.865.4
PORT CALLS AND PERFORMANCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Port calls, time spent in ports, vessel age and size in 2019
 
Number of arrivals
Median time
in port (days)
Avg age
of vessels
Avg size (GT)
of vessels
Avg cargo
carrying
capacity (DWT)
per vessel
Avg container
carrying
capacity (TEU)
per container ship
Maximum size (GT) of vessels
All ships
142 773
0.88
17
16 226
13 971
3 235
232 618
Liquid bulk carriers
16 042
0.90
11
11 074
18 168
..
160 457
Liquefied petroleum gas carriers
1 486
0.96
11
7 631
8 761
..
48 963
Liquefied natural gas carriers
362
1.04
10
92 790
73 120
..
163 922
Dry bulk carriers
3 279
1.90
16
22 414
38 830
..
151 915
Dry breakbulk carriers
13 374
1.17
15
5 127
7 197
..
71 543
Roll-on/ roll-off ships
11 529
..
17
22 418
7 733
..
77 000
Container ships
15 137
0.65
14
35 592
..
3 235
232 618
Passenger ships
81 564
..
19
14 158
..
..
225 282
Port liner shipping connectivity index - Top 5 ports in 2019¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China, Hong Kong SAR
23.024.124.224.224.31.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.822.023.019.610.06.917.430.530.130.26.020.05.49.36.812.811.720.820.54.617.319.819.719.819.616.620.319.030.532.329.428.528.228.227.927.730.627.727.627.427.428.027.527.628.426.726.125.925.826.026.227.127.728.332.732.829.128.528.428.724.626.526.426.523.724.424.123.523.923.524.424.923.321.621.522.523.822.722.822.823.122.322.421.758.057.258.052.452.652.154.155.755.754.854.250.350.449.649.048.849.450.549.848.748.047.147.147.147.547.346.747.147.147.947.949.950.150.049.649.147.340.540.440.539.840.540.440.742.041.740.742.043.842.842.042.042.641.740.837.360.559.960.455.555.756.156.557.557.657.157.253.653.753.753.854.351.952.252.052.251.251.851.451.251.150.951.150.950.952.152.452.253.754.354.254.954.154.954.252.751.852.253.053.142.644.641.441.942.643.443.742.942.142.842.341.967.866.362.261.761.263.664.264.763.863.663.660.760.661.058.158.158.557.354.555.155.555.656.046.046.046.646.145.945.544.242.048.549.848.333.344.744.443.343.742.642.442.341.340.336.536.236.736.136.134.835.037.936.832.032.330.1
Source: Detailed data sources are available in the documentation of the corresponding tables in the Data Center (http://stats.unctad.org/data_center). A link to these tables is provided in each section of the profile.
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Sum of exports and imports. Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
6
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
7
UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities.
8
Refers to year 2015. Source: BIMCO-ICS Manpower Report 2015.
9
UNCTAD Secretariat, based on data provided by MarineTraffic (http://marinetraffic.com). Ships of 1000 GT and above.
10
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
11
UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdst.co.uk).
e
Estimated.
j
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
LNG:
Liquefied natural gas
LPG:
Liquefied petroleum gas
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
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Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.
The designations "developing", "transition" and "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular economy in the development process.

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Generation date: 11 November 2020