Maritime profile: Spain

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade¹
46.755 Millions
1 281 004 Millions current US$
631 988 Millions current US$
Land area²
GDP growth
Transport services trade³
(j) 499 564 Km²
-10.84 %
150 479 Millions current US$
MARITIME KEY FIGURES FOR 2020
More data on UNCTADstat
Coast/area ratio²
Ship building
Ship recycling
14.5 m/km²
26 878 GT
3 189 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
1 831 Thousands DWT
476 ships
3 366 Thousands DWT
Container port throughput
Number of seafarers
Number of port calls
17 372 962 TEU
2 388
105 046
WORLD SHARES FOR 2020
0.60 %0.44 %1.51 %1.75 %1.82 %0.09 %0.31 %0.16 %0.42 %0.05 %0.02 %0.20 %0.10 %2.14 %3.12 %3.10 %2.80 %1.10 %2.23 %2.57 %0.60 %0.44 %1.51 %1.75 %1.82 %0.09 %0.31 %0.16 %0.42 %0.05 %0.02 %0.20 %0.10 %2.14 %3.12 %3.10 %2.80 %1.10 %2.23 %2.57 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-8.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
192 644
254 418
282 274
306 995
Merchandise imports
288 786
327 016
311 851
324 993
Merchandise trade balance
-96 141
-72 598
-29 578
-17 998
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %71 %71 %4 %4 %20 %20 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
48 19533 80523 40622 62718 74848 19533 80523 40622 62718 748
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
-14.0 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2020
Services exports by main category¹⁰
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
-
(e) 14.0
11.5
17.9
Travel
56.0
51.4
51.4
20.5
Other services
-
(e) 34.6
37.1
61.6
Total trade in transport services¹⁰
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport services exports
-
(e) 16 041
13 941
16 097
Transport services imports
-
(e) 14 562
10 144
10 161
Transport services trade balance
-
(e) 1 479
3 797
5 936
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
-4.8 %
Fleet growth rate in2020
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Total fleet
2 655.0
2 554.7
1 857.1
1 831.1
Oil tankers
962.0
1 035.7
449.3
128.1
Bulk carriers
215.0
34.9
10.9
10.9
General cargo
338.0
207.6
178.1
164.2
Container ships
231.0
164.9
7.9
0.0
Other types of ships
909.0
1 111.7
1 210.9
1 527.9
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
414036125418237126404238127394040128397043127
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2020¹¹
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.5700.5690.5590.5450.5390.5380.5360.5140.5140.5090.5700.5690.5590.5450.5390.5380.5360.5140.5140.509
Liner shipping connectivity index¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China
89.888.389.189.388.487.884.484.384.484.185.585.885.784.484.782.683.785.482.882.483.181.179.879.678.680.180.071.371.071.670.970.371.771.170.774.875.976.271.474.374.375.175.473.872.872.873.774.071.271.972.971.571.870.770.571.371.469.267.865.4
PORT CALLS AND PERFORMANCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Port calls, time spent in ports, vessel age and size in 2020
 
Number of arrivals
Median time
in port (days)
Avg age
of vessels
Avg size (GT)
of vessels
Avg cargo
carrying
capacity (DWT)
per vessel
Avg container
carrying
capacity (TEU)
per container ship
Maximum size (GT) of vessels
All ships
105 046
0.90
17
15 791
14 380
3 258
236 583
Liquid bulk carriers
15 144
0.91
12
10 527
17 155
..
94 729
Liquefied petroleum gas carriers
1 176
1.04
13
8 316
9 683
..
49 145
Liquefied natural gas carriers
318
1.04
9
99 625
79 060
..
168 189
Dry bulk carriers
2 943
1.79
17
21 771
37 445
..
107 737
Dry breakbulk carriers
11 584
1.21
16
5 207
7 248
..
71 543
Roll-on/ roll-off ships
7 980
..
18
24 412
9 077
..
76 420
Container ships
14 321
0.66
14
35 736
..
3 258
236 583
Passenger ships
51 580
..
19
12 155
..
..
220 000
Port liner shipping connectivity index - Top 5 ports in 2020¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China, Hong Kong SAR
15.916.517.116.216.015.415.615.215.215.216.116.114.314.413.213.012.912.712.612.612.112.115.215.415.414.814.911.710.512.113.112.911.29.69.39.410.510.58.99.39.99.39.28.76.26.66.57.07.07.47.37.17.37.210.110.09.89.85.05.529.033.129.329.630.532.329.428.528.228.227.927.730.627.727.627.427.428.027.527.628.426.726.125.925.826.026.227.127.728.332.732.829.128.528.428.724.626.526.426.523.724.424.123.523.923.524.424.923.321.621.522.523.822.722.822.823.122.322.421.764.764.265.458.458.057.258.052.452.652.154.155.755.754.854.250.350.449.649.048.849.450.549.848.748.047.147.147.147.547.346.747.147.147.947.949.950.150.049.649.147.340.540.440.539.840.540.440.742.041.740.742.043.842.842.042.042.641.740.837.370.868.968.460.960.559.960.455.555.756.156.557.557.657.157.253.653.753.753.854.351.952.252.052.251.251.851.451.251.150.951.150.950.952.152.452.253.754.354.254.954.154.954.252.751.852.253.053.142.644.641.441.942.643.443.742.942.142.842.341.967.063.568.167.367.866.362.261.761.263.664.264.763.863.663.660.760.661.058.158.158.557.354.555.155.555.656.046.046.046.646.145.945.544.242.048.549.848.333.344.744.443.343.742.642.442.341.340.336.536.236.736.136.134.835.037.936.832.032.330.1
Source: Detailed data sources are available in the documentation of the corresponding tables in the Data Center (http://stats.unctad.org/data_center). A link to these tables is provided in each section of the profile.
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Sum of exports and imports. Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
6
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
7
UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities. Refers to year 2019.
8
Refers to year 2015. Source: BIMCO-ICS Manpower Report 2015.
9
UNCTAD Secretariat, based on data provided by MarineTraffic (http://marinetraffic.com). Ships of 1000 GT and above.
10
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
11
UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdst.co.uk).
e
Estimated.
j
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
LNG:
Liquefied natural gas
LPG:
Liquefied petroleum gas
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
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Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.
The designations "developing", "transition" and "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular economy in the development process.

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Generation date: 22 July 2021