Maritime profile: Viet Nam

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade¹
97.339 Millions
268 899 Millions current US$
545 356 Millions current US$
Land area²
GDP growth
Transport services trade³
(j) 310 070 Km²
2.91 %
(e) 35 795 Millions current US$
MARITIME KEY FIGURES FOR 2020
More data on UNCTADstat
Coast/area ratio²
Ship building
Ship recycling
36.8 m/km²
544 699 GT
1 358 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
9 165 Thousands DWT
1 903 ships
10 776 Thousands DWT
Container port throughput
Number of seafarers
Number of port calls
13 658 928 TEU
32 445
18 391
WORLD SHARES FOR 2020
1.25 %0.70 %0.32 %1.61 %1.47 %0.44 %0.37 %0.52 %0.46 %0.94 % Less than 0.01% of the World total2.54 %1.47 %1.68 %2.09 %0.49 %0.87 %0.69 %1.42 %Not available or not separately reported1.25 %0.70 %0.32 %1.61 %1.47 %0.44 %0.37 %0.52 %0.46 %0.94 % Less than 0.01% of the World total2.54 %1.47 %1.68 %2.09 %0.49 %0.87 %0.69 %1.42 %Not available or not separately reported
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
32 442
72 237
162 065
282 655
Merchandise imports
36 761
84 839
165 610
262 701
Merchandise trade balance
-4 319
-12 602
-3 545
19 954
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
4 %4 %86 %86 %10 %10 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
78 57446 86320 13819 98611 05478 57446 86320 13819 98611 054
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
-
Transport services exports growth rate in 2020
Services exports by main category¹⁰
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
27.4
31.0
22.3
-
Travel
53.9
59.7
65.3
-
Other services
18.7
9.3
12.3
-
Total trade in transport services¹⁰
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport services exports
1 167
2 314
2 508
-
Transport services imports
2 190
6 603
7 797
-
Transport services trade balance
-1 023
-4 289
-5 290
-
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.6 %
Fleet growth rate in2020
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Total fleet
2 126.0
5 415.2
7 373.4
9 164.5
Oil tankers
439.0
1 480.4
1 346.8
1 691.1
Bulk carriers
319.0
1 223.5
1 685.5
2 810.1
General cargo
1 135.0
2 287.1
2 984.7
2 910.4
Container ships
28.0
161.7
306.2
422.2
Other types of ships
205.0
262.5
1 050.2
1 330.8
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
44539119610212141639120091118386391207851143493612148111132933125875105
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2020¹¹
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.4770.4570.4450.4390.4200.4070.3900.3680.3630.3620.4770.4570.4450.4390.4200.4070.3900.3680.3630.362
Liner shipping connectivity index¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China
79.879.779.262.561.461.467.866.466.861.060.059.859.459.056.758.659.160.760.258.257.547.347.445.844.142.442.441.742.642.142.743.142.342.045.848.148.548.949.446.243.342.040.933.733.733.325.222.623.223.624.423.722.022.021.820.920.920.320.720.5
PORT CALLS AND PERFORMANCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Port calls, time spent in ports, vessel age and size in 2020
 
Number of arrivals
Median time
in port (days)
Avg age
of vessels
Avg size (GT)
of vessels
Avg cargo
carrying
capacity (DWT)
per vessel
Avg container
carrying
capacity (TEU)
per container ship
Maximum size (GT) of vessels
All ships
18 391
1.15
14
16 002
14 024
1 966
194 849
Liquid bulk carriers
2 404
1.38
13
5 932
9 191
..
60 100
Liquefied petroleum gas carriers
748
1.32
23
4 396
4 835
..
48 772
Liquefied natural gas carriers
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Dry bulk carriers
1 847
3.46
12
18 762
31 966
..
99 216
Dry breakbulk carriers
3 620
3.00
13
7 085
9 946
..
57 934
Roll-on/ roll-off ships
112
..
14
44 002
14 798
..
60 975
Container ships
9 587
0.90
13
21 448
..
1 966
194 849
Passenger ships
73
..
14
80 737
..
..
169 379
Port liner shipping connectivity index - Top 5 ports in 2020¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China, Hong Kong SAR
7.97.47.47.86.97.77.86.76.37.36.56.56.46.56.56.46.57.47.67.46.36.36.07.36.76.96.86.46.45.95.75.72.42.62.83.23.23.23.83.84.14.13.64.04.04.34.13.83.43.93.93.73.23.23.22.72.42.73.12.413.212.914.013.013.211.711.510.710.011.110.710.710.510.510.79.99.810.010.210.39.98.18.07.47.47.47.46.66.66.66.46.46.86.66.16.26.26.87.07.07.06.96.76.76.66.66.46.66.66.56.56.25.85.95.94.84.23.84.54.257.758.659.442.740.240.145.946.346.841.139.941.341.240.337.836.036.836.836.336.836.125.624.924.523.723.622.723.623.623.524.224.124.324.328.630.430.531.531.726.723.622.122.315.715.147.146.343.544.042.143.144.242.244.731.928.228.828.728.330.651.451.552.652.640.941.241.240.739.838.836.737.936.437.034.426.628.127.225.323.323.026.123.923.626.426.224.223.622.522.321.722.520.320.621.923.022.521.821.121.920.621.220.520.620.848.147.341.944.144.543.944.332.633.131.825.424.023.322.621.421.521.421.921.821.821.921.821.621.120.719.219.318.818.218.218.517.418.018.818.418.919.119.119.720.019.420.718.918.421.120.717.817.116.917.117.417.115.415.113.813.913.012.611.610.4
Source: Detailed data sources are available in the documentation of the corresponding tables in the Data Center (http://stats.unctad.org/data_center). A link to these tables is provided in each section of the profile.
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Sum of exports and imports. Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
6
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
7
UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities.
8
Refers to year 2015. Source: BIMCO-ICS Manpower Report 2015.
9
UNCTAD Secretariat, based on data provided by MarineTraffic (http://marinetraffic.com). Ships of 1000 GT and above.
10
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
11
UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdst.co.uk).
e
Estimated.
j
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
LNG:
Liquefied natural gas
LPG:
Liquefied petroleum gas
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
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Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.
The designations "developing", "transition" and "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular economy in the development process.

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Generation date: 22 July 2021