Maritime profile: Netherlands

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade¹
17.502 Millions
1 006 525 Millions current US$
1 594 498 Millions current US$
Land area²
GDP growth
Transport services trade³
(o) 33 670 Km²
3.85 %
(e) 484 322 Millions current US$
MARITIME KEY FIGURES FOR 2021
More data on UNCTADstat
Coast/area ratio²
Ship building
Ship recycling
56.8 m/km²
117 900 GT
988 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
6 811 Thousands DWT
1 192 ships
18 291 Thousands DWT
Container port throughput
Number of seafarers
Number of port calls
14 522 209 TEU
(j) 9 667
121 650
WORLD SHARES FOR 2021
0.22 %0.12 %1.05 %3.75 %3.36 %0.32 %1.01 %0.86 %2.33 %0.19 % Less than 0.01% of the World total1.13 % Less than 0.01% of the World total1.82 %2.58 %8.16 %5.96 %1.49 %4.39 %1.72 %0.22 %0.12 %1.05 %3.75 %3.36 %0.32 %1.01 %0.86 %2.33 %0.19 % Less than 0.01% of the World total1.13 % Less than 0.01% of the World total1.82 %2.58 %8.16 %5.96 %1.49 %4.39 %1.72 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+24.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
406 372
574 251
570 442
836 512
Merchandise imports
363 822
516 409
512 105
757 986
Merchandise trade balance
42 550
57 842
58 337
78 525
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %67 %67 %12 %12 %15 %15 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
197 35799 35375 38851 28740 782197 35799 35375 38851 28740 782
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
+24.1 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2021
Services exports by main category¹⁰
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
-
(e) 19.1
17.9
(e) 22.6
Travel
-
(e) 9.3
7.0
(e) 3.9
Other services
-
(e) 65.7
70.9
(e) 68.8
Total trade in transport services¹⁰
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport services exports
-
(e) 30 905
35 385
(e) 55 851
Transport services imports
-
(e) 22 984
20 957
(e) 45 905
Transport services trade balance
-
(e) 7 921
14 428
(e) 9 946
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
-3.4 %
Fleet growth rate in 2021
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Total fleet
7 940.0
7 252.5
8 516.0
6 810.7
Oil tankers
695.0
651.2
263.3
166.9
Bulk carriers
380.0
53.0
958.3
237.4
General cargo
3 632.0
3 605.5
4 431.6
4 357.1
Container ships
1 903.0
1 855.9
1 005.7
398.0
Other types of ships
1 330.0
1 086.8
1 857.1
1 651.3
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
557405581027561455541023565435661321570415801320566405951121
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in Q1 2021¹¹
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.5370.5340.5160.5060.5000.4740.4670.4660.4600.4550.5370.5340.5160.5060.5000.4740.4670.4660.4600.455
Liner shipping connectivity index¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China
90.790.991.991.690.889.688.991.691.992.087.688.488.188.089.188.286.887.186.582.882.183.382.483.382.782.081.981.279.782.281.881.282.281.977.478.279.179.679.478.379.579.681.981.080.581.681.179.979.879.680.780.577.176.979.079.580.476.575.574.875.073.372.571.2
PORT CALLS AND PERFORMANCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Port calls, time spent in ports, vessel age and size in 2021
 
Number of arrivals
Median time
in port (days)
Avg age
of vessels
Avg size (GT)
of vessels
Avg cargo
carrying
capacity (DWT)
per vessel
Avg container
carrying
capacity (TEU)
per container ship
Maximum size (GT) of vessels
All ships
121 650
0.62
17
12 841
14 119
2 819
237 200
Liquid bulk carriers
42 294
0.57
17
9 256
17 036
..
166 094
Liquefied petroleum gas carriers
2 564
0.95
15
6 458
7 114
..
48 714
Liquefied natural gas carriers
233
1.01
7
58 538
45 787
..
163 922
Dry bulk carriers
4 244
1.22
11
37 250
66 566
..
173 504
Dry breakbulk carriers
25 937
0.43
20
3 944
5 282
..
49 091
Roll-on/ roll-off ships
12 331
..
22
16 749
6 494
..
76 420
Container ships
11 516
0.89
15
30 474
..
2 819
237 200
Passenger ships
22 531
..
14
14 315
..
..
184 089
Port liner shipping connectivity index - Top 5 ports in 2021¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China, Hong Kong SAR
1.91.91.91.91.91.91.91.91.51.51.51.51.51.53.63.63.53.43.22.82.92.82.63.54.04.04.06.86.86.46.46.86.86.76.76.46.45.65.65.66.23.23.24.44.43.96.76.16.26.45.75.78.23.54.04.07.27.67.77.57.57.617.217.518.923.022.322.121.921.121.120.620.619.417.919.318.716.45.45.25.15.35.14.44.44.54.54.54.54.54.54.54.54.95.35.25.25.25.14.74.84.85.35.15.15.04.34.24.24.14.44.43.93.74.44.44.34.34.34.34.14.54.44.74.14.04.04.04.04.13.83.33.33.33.73.73.83.63.63.93.94.416.115.815.916.514.814.213.014.418.214.515.014.913.813.313.112.011.010.910.910.010.06.46.47.05.85.15.15.65.65.65.65.75.75.65.65.11.81.80.9260.9260.9260.9260.9266.16.17.07.06.96.76.76.76.46.46.47.17.07.07.07.37.37.77.77.77.795.095.295.795.294.694.593.196.497.798.191.792.692.591.793.493.091.792.291.488.087.589.188.190.890.089.888.988.487.889.288.788.087.987.783.484.486.587.286.686.688.187.989.788.187.088.087.185.885.585.286.386.283.383.885.185.887.183.882.681.881.678.878.376.4
Source: Detailed data sources are available in the documentation of the corresponding tables in the Data Center (http://stats.unctad.org/data_center). A link to these tables is provided in each section of the profile.
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Sum of exports and imports. Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
6
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
7
UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities. Refers to year 2020.
8
Refers to year 2021. Source: BIMCO-ICS Manpower Report 2015 and BIMCO-ICS Seafarer Workforce Report, 2021 edition.
9
UNCTAD Secretariat, based on data provided by MarineTraffic (http://marinetraffic.com). Ships of 1000 GT and above.
10
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
11
UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdst.co.uk).
e
Estimated.
j
BIMCO/ICS uses 2018 data from European Maritime Safety Agency.
o
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
LNG:
Liquefied natural gas
LPG:
Liquefied petroleum gas
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
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Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.
The designations "developing", "transition" and "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular economy in the development process.

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Generation date: 20 October 2022