Maritime profile: Netherlands

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade¹
17.135 Millions
910 856 Millions current US$
1 271 221 Millions current US$
Land area²
GDP growth
Transport services trade³
(j) 33 690 Km²
-3.73 %
355 896 Millions current US$
MARITIME KEY FIGURES FOR 2020
More data on UNCTADstat
Coast/area ratio²
Ship building
Ship recycling
56.8 m/km²
109 164 GT
8 430 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
7 047 Thousands DWT
1 199 ships
19 494 Thousands DWT
Container port throughput
Number of seafarers
Number of port calls
14 986 800 TEU
5 056
117 420
WORLD SHARES FOR 2020
0.22 %0.12 %1.07 %3.84 %3.35 %0.34 %1.13 %0.95 %2.42 %0.19 %0.05 %0.61 %0.04 %1.85 %2.52 %8.42 %6.28 %1.44 %4.23 %1.48 %0.22 %0.12 %1.07 %3.84 %3.35 %0.34 %1.13 %0.95 %2.42 %0.19 %0.05 %0.61 %0.04 %1.85 %2.52 %8.42 %6.28 %1.44 %4.23 %1.48 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-4.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
406 372
574 251
570 442
674 475
Merchandise imports
363 822
516 409
512 105
596 746
Merchandise trade balance
42 550
57 842
58 337
77 729
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %69 %69 %9 %9 %17 %17 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
155 80173 30558 99953 41833 337155 80173 30558 99953 41833 337
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
-22.9 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2020
Services exports by main category¹⁰
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
-
(e) 19.2
17.9
19.5
Travel
-
(e) 9.3
7.0
4.8
Other services
-
(e) 65.6
70.9
70.7
Total trade in transport services¹⁰
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport services exports
-
(e) 31 035
35 385
36 352
Transport services imports
-
(e) 22 981
20 957
27 809
Transport services trade balance
-
(e) 8 054
14 428
8 542
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
-1.4 %
Fleet growth rate in2020
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Total fleet
7 940.0
7 252.5
8 516.0
7 046.8
Oil tankers
695.0
651.2
263.3
152.9
Bulk carriers
380.0
53.0
958.3
237.4
General cargo
3 632.0
3 605.5
4 431.6
4 242.4
Container ships
1 903.0
1 855.9
1 005.7
741.1
Other types of ships
1 330.0
1 086.8
1 857.1
1 672.9
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
567455541023565435661321570415801320566405951121553476011615
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2020¹¹
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.7180.7100.6650.5980.5840.5740.5590.5390.5300.5240.7180.7100.6650.5980.5840.5740.5590.5390.5300.524
Liner shipping connectivity index¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China
90.989.789.191.892.192.287.888.788.388.389.488.587.187.987.383.582.983.282.383.382.782.081.981.279.782.181.781.182.281.977.478.279.079.679.378.379.579.681.981.080.681.781.380.080.079.780.880.677.277.079.179.680.576.675.674.975.273.472.671.3
PORT CALLS AND PERFORMANCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Port calls, time spent in ports, vessel age and size in 2020
 
Number of arrivals
Median time
in port (days)
Avg age
of vessels
Avg size (GT)
of vessels
Avg cargo
carrying
capacity (DWT)
per vessel
Avg container
carrying
capacity (TEU)
per container ship
Maximum size (GT) of vessels
All ships
117 420
0.58
17
12 799
13 654
2 942
236 583
Liquid bulk carriers
41 150
0.53
16
9 343
17 150
..
167 168
Liquefied petroleum gas carriers
2 225
1.02
12
7 144
8 001
..
49 145
Liquefied natural gas carriers
183
1.04
6
64 880
49 905
..
139 050
Dry bulk carriers
3 838
0.77
11
34 736
61 262
..
150 918
Dry breakbulk carriers
25 990
0.41
19
3 834
5 190
..
91 784
Roll-on/ roll-off ships
11 785
..
22
16 043
6 358
..
76 420
Container ships
11 595
0.80
14
32 000
..
2 942
236 583
Passenger ships
20 654
..
15
14 409
..
..
150 695
Port liner shipping connectivity index - Top 5 ports in 2020¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China, Hong Kong SAR
1.91.91.91.91.51.51.51.51.51.53.53.13.13.02.53.44.54.54.57.37.36.86.86.86.86.76.76.46.45.65.65.66.23.23.24.44.43.96.76.16.26.45.75.78.23.54.04.07.27.67.77.57.57.617.217.518.923.022.322.121.921.121.120.620.619.417.919.318.716.45.14.44.44.54.54.54.54.54.54.54.54.95.35.25.25.25.14.74.84.85.35.15.15.04.34.24.24.14.44.43.93.74.44.44.34.34.34.34.14.54.44.74.14.04.04.04.04.13.83.33.33.33.73.73.83.63.63.93.94.414.814.213.014.418.214.515.014.913.813.313.112.011.010.910.910.010.06.46.47.05.85.15.15.65.65.65.65.75.75.65.65.11.81.80.9260.9260.9260.9260.9266.16.17.07.06.96.76.76.76.46.46.47.17.07.07.07.37.37.77.77.77.794.694.593.196.497.798.191.792.692.591.793.493.091.792.291.488.087.589.188.190.890.089.888.988.487.889.288.788.087.987.783.484.486.587.286.686.688.187.989.788.187.088.087.185.885.585.286.386.283.383.885.185.887.183.882.681.881.678.878.376.4
Source: Detailed data sources are available in the documentation of the corresponding tables in the Data Center (http://stats.unctad.org/data_center). A link to these tables is provided in each section of the profile.
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Sum of exports and imports. Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
6
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
7
UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities. Refers to year 2019.
8
Refers to year 2015. Source: BIMCO-ICS Manpower Report 2015.
9
UNCTAD Secretariat, based on data provided by MarineTraffic (http://marinetraffic.com). Ships of 1000 GT and above.
10
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
11
UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdst.co.uk).
e
Estimated.
j
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
LNG:
Liquefied natural gas
LPG:
Liquefied petroleum gas
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
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Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.
The designations "developing", "transition" and "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular economy in the development process.

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Generation date: 22 July 2021