Maritime profile: Korea, Republic of

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade¹
51.269 Millions
1 630 302 Millions current US$
980 131 Millions current US$
Land area²
GDP growth
Transport services trade³
(j) 97 489 Km²
-0.96 %
(e) 190 210 Millions current US$
MARITIME KEY FIGURES FOR 2020
More data on UNCTADstat
Coast/area ratio²
Ship building
Ship recycling
128.0 m/km²
18 173 891 GT
27 993 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
14 985 Thousands DWT
1 892 ships
80 587 Thousands DWT
Container port throughput
Number of seafarers
Number of port calls
28 955 300 TEU
28 168
73 563
WORLD SHARES FOR 2020
0.66 %0.76 %1.92 %2.91 %2.63 %0.72 %0.50 %3.92 %2.77 %31.46 %0.16 %1.83 %1.61 %3.57 %4.67 %3.51 %3.50 %3.10 %5.97 %5.39 %0.66 %0.76 %1.92 %2.91 %2.63 %0.72 %0.50 %3.92 %2.77 %31.46 %0.16 %1.83 %1.61 %3.57 %4.67 %3.51 %3.50 %3.10 %5.97 %5.39 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-5.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
284 419
466 384
526 757
512 498
Merchandise imports
261 238
425 212
436 499
467 633
Merchandise trade balance
23 181
41 172
90 258
44 865
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %90 %90 %5 %5 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
132 55574 39648 54330 63025 092132 55574 39648 54330 63025 092
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
-7.1 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2020
Services exports by main category¹⁰
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
47.5
47.0
35.0
(e) 28.5
Travel
11.4
12.4
15.2
(e) 10.0
Other services
37.2
37.9
46.8
(e) 58.9
Total trade in transport services¹⁰
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport services exports
24 082
38 987
34 144
(e) 24 901
Transport services imports
20 854
30 331
29 493
(e) 24 215
Transport services trade balance
3 228
8 657
4 651
(e) 686
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
+14.9 %
Fleet growth rate in2020
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Total fleet
12 017.0
20 818.6
17 805.1
14 984.9
Oil tankers
1 325.0
2 433.0
582.9
1 674.5
Bulk carriers
7 455.0
14 505.2
12 083.8
6 871.0
General cargo
1 324.0
1 739.7
1 550.0
1 307.4
Container ships
1 213.0
855.8
1 287.1
1 802.9
Other types of ships
700.0
1 284.8
2 301.4
3 329.2
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
11768435688188116086365831901131873689219211338737699194110186395123195
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2020¹¹
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.9690.7170.6850.6090.5430.5300.5140.5060.5040.5040.9690.7170.6850.6090.5430.5300.5140.5060.5040.504
Liner shipping connectivity index¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China
108.2107.6107.0108.4108.3107.7104.9103.3102.9102.9102.7101.4100.9100.8100.296.996.999.296.796.695.496.795.094.092.992.592.792.794.293.889.590.090.389.487.887.189.690.590.486.285.386.577.272.573.073.081.780.871.773.072.571.972.571.269.769.969.168.968.368.2
PORT CALLS AND PERFORMANCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Port calls, time spent in ports, vessel age and size in 2020
 
Number of arrivals
Median time
in port (days)
Avg age
of vessels
Avg size (GT)
of vessels
Avg cargo
carrying
capacity (DWT)
per vessel
Avg container
carrying
capacity (TEU)
per container ship
Maximum size (GT) of vessels
All ships
73 563
0.86
15
21 416
23 371
3 056
237 200
Liquid bulk carriers
17 160
0.79
12
15 093
26 232
..
170 611
Liquefied petroleum gas carriers
3 143
0.85
17
7 787
8 513
..
55 000
Liquefied natural gas carriers
668
1.03
30
103 762
81 673
..
168 189
Dry bulk carriers
8 257
2.03
14
29 007
52 277
..
172 521
Dry breakbulk carriers
14 488
1.22
18
5 303
7 534
..
91 649
Roll-on/ roll-off ships
4 560
..
17
30 239
12 178
..
76 420
Container ships
21 461
0.64
13
32 781
..
3 056
237 200
Passenger ships
3 826
..
16
16 964
..
..
169 379
Port liner shipping connectivity index - Top 5 ports in 2020¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China, Hong Kong SAR
10.211.311.311.310.211.311.32.52.52.52.23.43.43.43.43.22.22.21.71.71.71.71.75.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.018.819.320.723.720.419.419.119.019.219.319.118.818.719.619.920.219.921.120.420.315.716.016.316.016.716.516.716.616.517.016.817.417.117.416.114.615.615.716.015.814.614.714.714.314.214.314.213.213.413.013.013.512.412.412.311.810.59.711.012.437.336.836.433.633.433.834.333.833.630.029.930.030.630.629.629.733.028.723.122.022.222.221.621.720.519.119.919.117.818.718.921.317.517.217.216.918.417.718.717.416.817.416.619.219.319.219.219.316.716.516.315.714.714.214.213.212.715.312.913.060.760.465.366.868.166.562.561.962.561.662.561.859.058.958.760.161.162.060.459.160.160.359.959.759.658.057.658.858.959.855.154.454.953.452.351.451.651.552.138.437.537.937.338.137.436.242.041.736.537.837.936.834.233.434.134.133.334.334.431.9118.4117.1116.4118.7119.1119.0115.1113.7113.6112.5112.7111.4111.4110.5110.8107.1107.5109.3107.2107.2105.6107.2105.3104.1102.5101.3101.3102.0104.3104.299.896.497.296.094.193.996.097.296.995.594.696.087.282.182.381.991.390.280.581.480.680.081.481.079.279.679.378.578.177.9
Source: Detailed data sources are available in the documentation of the corresponding tables in the Data Center (http://stats.unctad.org/data_center). A link to these tables is provided in each section of the profile.
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Sum of exports and imports. Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
6
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
7
UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities. Refers to year 2019.
8
Refers to year 2015. Source: BIMCO-ICS Manpower Report 2015.
9
UNCTAD Secretariat, based on data provided by MarineTraffic (http://marinetraffic.com). Ships of 1000 GT and above.
10
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
11
UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdst.co.uk).
e
Estimated.
j
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
LNG:
Liquefied natural gas
LPG:
Liquefied petroleum gas
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
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Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.
The designations "developing", "transition" and "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular economy in the development process.

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Generation date: 22 July 2021