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Maritime profile: Greece

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2022
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade¹
10.385 Millions
219 635 Millions current US$
155 087 Millions current US$
Land area²
GDP growth
Transport services trade³
(o) 128 900 Km²
6.19 %
79 720 Millions current US$
MARITIME KEY FIGURES FOR 2022
More data on UNCTADstat
Coast/area ratio²
Ship building
Ship recycling
117.5 m/km²
732 GT
290 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
61 643 Thousands DWT
1 230 ships
387 835 Thousands DWT
Number of port calls
Container port throughput
Number of seafarers
5 166 629 TEU
30 507
171 703
WORLD SHARES FOR 2022
0.13 %0.93 %0.22 %0.23 %0.38 %2.80 %1.59 %17.76 %10.91 % Less than 0.01% of the World total Less than 0.01% of the World total3.16 %0.33 %0.61 %0.75 %2.32 %1.37 %1.07 %0.95 %0.51 %0.13 %0.93 %0.22 %0.23 %0.38 %2.80 %1.59 %17.76 %10.91 % Less than 0.01% of the World total Less than 0.01% of the World total3.16 %0.33 %0.61 %0.75 %2.32 %1.37 %1.07 %0.95 %0.51 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+21.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2022
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2022
Merchandise exports
17 278
27 950
28 554
57 392
Merchandise imports
54 436
66 913
46 786
97 696
Merchandise trade balance
-37 158
-38 963
-18 232
-40 304
Export structure by product group in 2022
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %35 %35 %38 %38 %8 %8 %17 %17 %
Top 5 partners in 2022
(exports, millions of US$)
5 9614 4353 6523 1692 6345 9614 4353 6523 1692 634
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
+11.4 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2022
Services exports by main category¹⁰
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2022
Transport
(e) 50.9
54.9
43.2
49.2
Travel
(e) 39.2
34.2
44.6
37.1
Other services
-
10.3
11.8
13.1
Total trade in transport services¹⁰
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2022
Transport services exports
(e) 17 243
20 461
15 160
24 677
Transport services imports
(e) 8 477
10 847
10 401
20 618
Transport services trade balance
(e) 8 766
9 614
4 759
4 060
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
-4.3 %
Fleet growth rate in 2022
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2022
Total fleet
54 642.0
67 629.2
75 191.2
61 642.8
Oil tankers
31 035.0
42 335.9
45 719.3
39 153.3
Bulk carriers
20 468.0
21 401.8
26 051.5
17 477.6
General cargo
494.0
368.4
203.1
156.5
Container ships
2 237.0
2 406.4
1 680.0
428.1
Other types of ships
408.0
1 116.6
1 537.3
4 427.3
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
687582146310675588158335679684165373642685180369635796190399
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in Q1 2022¹¹
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
Liner shipping connectivity index¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China
59.759.359.058.960.160.960.360.160.359.859.559.760.060.260.258.358.658.357.257.948.549.343.346.745.341.641.941.641.244.646.342.846.346.643.243.442.241.840.940.740.539.739.438.338.638.534.730.530.629.329.930.031.430.439.136.425.025.128.128.231.830.726.129.232.732.532.829.7
PORT CALLS AND PERFORMANCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Port calls, time spent in ports, vessel age and size in 2022
 
Number of arrivals
Median time
in port (days)
Avg age
of vessels
Avg size (GT)
of vessels
Avg cargo
carrying
capacity (DWT)
per vessel
Avg container
carrying
capacity (TEU)
per container ship
Maximum size (GT) of vessels
All ships
171 703
0.81
23
8 250
7 886
4 318
235 579
Liquid bulk carriers
12 496
0.58
22
5 364
8 449
..
160 000
Liquefied petroleum gas carriers
562
0.92
26
5 123
6 029
..
44 673
Liquefied natural gas carriers
74
1.03
8
105 089
83 065
..
135 951
Dry bulk carriers
2 988
0.55
26
7 995
13 511
..
47 051
Dry breakbulk carriers
6 043
1.15
33
2 912
4 043
..
40 350
Roll-on/ roll-off ships
4 015
..
35
15 523
6 603
..
76 420
Container ships
3 312
1.02
16
46 048
..
4 318
235 579
Passenger ships
142 213
..
22
7 612
..
..
181 541
Port liner shipping connectivity index - Top 5 ports in 2022¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China, Hong Kong SAR
2.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.52.52.42.42.12.72.73.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.12.82.82.85.04.24.24.74.24.23.04.04.04.54.54.54.54.94.24.24.34.14.14.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.12.82.82.82.82.82.82.81.71.71.72.12.12.11.62.62.62.62.62.61.82.62.43.54.94.93.33.33.33.83.03.03.03.03.03.02.83.94.14.13.63.43.84.04.24.44.44.44.44.42.514.314.714.213.615.715.213.413.513.613.513.013.513.012.512.712.712.812.312.814.415.214.515.314.614.913.713.613.914.214.513.414.815.815.715.614.214.014.814.013.714.513.812.912.812.011.913.512.011.711.912.413.212.410.57.17.68.710.915.615.215.717.014.812.011.911.416.516.861.360.460.560.862.263.362.362.162.361.761.561.962.562.862.861.161.260.960.060.851.252.245.448.246.842.943.143.042.645.847.844.347.547.844.344.843.342.741.941.541.140.540.138.538.738.934.730.330.429.129.628.830.429.637.935.522.422.427.128.031.229.725.327.931.731.832.128.8
Source: Detailed data sources are available in the documentation of the corresponding tables in the Data Center (https://unctadstat.unctad.org/datacentre/). A link to these tables is provided in each section of the profile.
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Sum of exports and imports. Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
6
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
7
UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities.
8
Refers to year 2021. Source: BIMCO-ICS Manpower Report 2015 and BIMCO-ICS Seafarer Workforce Report, 2021 edition.
9
UNCTAD Secretariat, based on data provided by MarineTraffic (http://marinetraffic.com). Ships of 1000 GT and above.
10
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
11
UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdst.co.uk).
e
Estimated.
o
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
LNG:
Liquefied natural gas
LPG:
Liquefied petroleum gas
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.
The designations "developing", "transition" and "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular economy in the development process.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in
UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 December 2023