Maritime profile: Germany

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade¹
83.784 Millions
3 790 206 Millions current US$
2 550 787 Millions current US$
Land area²
GDP growth
Transport services trade³
(j) 349 360 Km²
-5.30 %
619 461 Millions current US$
MARITIME KEY FIGURES FOR 2020
More data on UNCTADstat
Coast/area ratio²
Ship building
Ship recycling
10.4 m/km²
288 228 GT
0.000 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
8 533 Thousands DWT
609 ships
88 919 Thousands DWT
Container port throughput
Number of seafarers
Number of port calls
19 596 415 TEU
6 235
88 445
WORLD SHARES FOR 2020
1.07 %0.22 %4.47 %7.85 %6.57 %0.41 %0.44 %4.33 %4.41 %0.50 % Less than 0.01% of the World total0.48 %0.29 %2.42 %1.55 %2.51 %3.08 %0.51 %1.53 %Not available or not separately reported1.07 %0.22 %4.47 %7.85 %6.57 %0.41 %0.44 %4.33 %4.41 %0.50 % Less than 0.01% of the World total0.48 %0.29 %2.42 %1.55 %2.51 %3.08 %0.51 %1.53 %Not available or not separately reported
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-7.3 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
970 914
1 258 924
1 326 206
1 380 000
Merchandise imports
777 073
1 054 814
1 051 132
1 170 787
Merchandise trade balance
193 842
204 110
275 074
209 212
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %88 %88 %6 %6 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
119 521110 343103 83489 08576 249119 521110 343103 83489 08576 249
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
-21.9 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2020
Services exports by main category¹⁰
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
22.5
24.8
20.2
17.5
Travel
17.5
15.4
13.2
7.1
Other services
55.0
56.1
61.3
68.3
Total trade in transport services¹⁰
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport services exports
37 335
55 772
56 557
54 326
Transport services imports
45 563
66 882
62 330
61 287
Transport services trade balance
-8 228
-11 111
-5 773
-6 961
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
-0.9 %
Fleet growth rate in2020
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Total fleet
9 381.0
17 570.2
12 560.1
8 533.1
Oil tankers
404.0
567.1
476.2
478.8
Bulk carriers
2.0
828.3
322.4
322.4
General cargo
336.0
536.9
211.5
241.2
Container ships
8 413.0
15 267.6
11 292.9
7 073.8
Other types of ships
226.0
370.3
257.0
416.9
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
40185851374038883138397105881393911168413536413185134
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2020¹¹
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.6650.6360.5650.5540.5480.5240.5140.5060.5060.4830.6650.6360.5650.5540.5480.5240.5140.5060.5060.483
Liner shipping connectivity index¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China
83.383.383.584.485.584.081.982.582.684.085.084.384.083.684.582.182.984.084.185.185.285.184.283.181.282.482.682.683.483.779.978.978.980.379.579.179.880.782.178.678.280.380.278.579.079.982.484.782.682.182.683.482.379.078.478.879.477.777.476.1
PORT CALLS AND PERFORMANCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Port calls, time spent in ports, vessel age and size in 2020
 
Number of arrivals
Median time
in port (days)
Avg age
of vessels
Avg size (GT)
of vessels
Avg cargo
carrying
capacity (DWT)
per vessel
Avg container
carrying
capacity (TEU)
per container ship
Maximum size (GT) of vessels
All ships
88 445
0.81
19
13 701
9 051
4 442
236 583
Liquid bulk carriers
12 253
0.51
18
4 871
8 049
..
160 874
Liquefied petroleum gas carriers
807
0.84
13
5 508
6 008
..
49 145
Liquefied natural gas carriers
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Dry bulk carriers
1 346
2.37
13
28 149
49 056
..
109 716
Dry breakbulk carriers
12 754
0.95
21
3 605
4 759
..
71 543
Roll-on/ roll-off ships
5 055
..
17
29 718
11 841
..
100 430
Container ships
7 139
0.98
13
48 831
..
4 442
236 583
Passenger ships
49 091
..
20
11 507
..
..
125 572
Port liner shipping connectivity index - Top 5 ports in 2020¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China, Hong Kong SAR
4.04.54.73.63.64.34.14.04.04.04.04.04.04.34.34.34.34.14.14.14.14.14.03.83.83.83.82.92.92.92.92.62.62.62.52.62.62.63.73.93.93.93.93.93.93.03.53.52.72.72.32.30.6491.41.43.02.93.93.13.55.75.76.36.36.36.36.36.36.35.95.96.36.36.36.36.36.34.64.64.54.54.54.54.54.54.64.64.64.64.64.64.64.65.05.05.65.65.65.69.19.29.29.79.79.79.79.17.17.97.97.07.17.16.56.56.58.68.68.78.744.745.445.445.445.545.245.245.645.245.044.945.745.644.744.340.141.740.238.439.138.538.537.738.126.119.619.819.319.319.619.619.665.265.465.066.166.264.960.963.365.064.365.965.566.866.363.664.864.063.862.362.762.762.060.762.061.461.763.162.762.863.359.158.860.259.459.557.356.557.557.953.954.355.154.253.853.755.256.359.856.757.357.458.759.455.855.155.455.050.950.347.679.879.379.075.376.375.776.176.475.176.476.377.076.875.775.875.575.877.977.077.778.078.677.077.275.273.072.773.974.275.175.074.174.471.471.971.473.774.376.273.572.174.970.569.068.870.272.173.276.073.677.075.674.374.272.873.173.373.774.373.4
Source: Detailed data sources are available in the documentation of the corresponding tables in the Data Center (http://stats.unctad.org/data_center). A link to these tables is provided in each section of the profile.
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Sum of exports and imports. Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
6
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
7
UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities. Refers to year 2019.
8
Refers to year 2015. Source: BIMCO-ICS Manpower Report 2015.
9
UNCTAD Secretariat, based on data provided by MarineTraffic (http://marinetraffic.com). Ships of 1000 GT and above.
10
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
11
UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdst.co.uk).
e
Estimated.
j
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
LNG:
Liquefied natural gas
LPG:
Liquefied petroleum gas
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
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Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.
The designations "developing", "transition" and "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular economy in the development process.

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Generation date: 22 July 2021