General profile: United Kingdom

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
66.431 Millions
0.777 GBP/US$
2 619 862 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 241 930 km²
2.56 %
1.80 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
384 477
415 959
459 633
441 031
Merchandise imports
513 673
591 095
626 223
644 061
Merchandise trade balance
-129 196
-175 136
-166 590
-203 030
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %76 %76 %8 %8 %4 %4 %7 %7 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
59 18946 69830 40627 57525 10859 18946 69830 40627 57525 108
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
236 688
271 257
348 931
(e) 350 687
Services imports
174 159
184 709
217 151
(e) 214 946
Services trade balance
62 529
86 548
131 780
(e) 135 742
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
14.1
10.8
11.2
(e) 10.8
Travel
13.6
12.9
13.0
(e) 12.5
Other services
72.2
76.0
73.9
(e) 75.2
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
898987879494919198988787929286867878919195951081089898939393939797989810010099999898979799991011011001001011011031031021021041041041041041041041041031031021021011011001001001008987949198879286789195108989393979810099989799101100101103102104104104104103102101100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
2 520 709
2 441 173
2 885 570
2 619 862
GDP per capita, current US$
41 653
38 416
43 958
39 437
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.10
1.69
2.35
1.80
Current account balance, % of GDP
-2.02
-3.40
-5.19
-4.07
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.550
0.647
0.655
0.777
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
65.818.917.027.930.165.818.917.027.930.1
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.8 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
182 927.94
58 200.28
32 720.42
15 090.04
FDI outflows
88 560.32
48 091.80
-83 491.52
99 613.57
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.24
0.20
0.17
0.17
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
4 373.94 373.94 582.34 582.35 003.45 003.44 935.64 935.64 804.54 804.54 944.74 944.75 099.05 099.04 951.44 951.45 243.05 243.05 995.15 995.16 556.36 556.36 105.76 105.76 045.26 045.25 938.35 938.35 688.65 688.65 235.15 235.14 955.64 955.65 074.45 074.415 09015 090196 130196 13032 72032 72024 69024 69051 67651 67655 44655 44642 20042 20058 20058 20089 70989 70992 15892 158176 839176 839147 372147 372182 928182 92861 22061 22016 59016 59019 68319 68335 94935 949115 304115 3044 373.94 582.35 003.44 935.64 804.54 944.75 099.04 951.45 243.05 995.16 556.36 105.76 045.25 938.35 688.65 235.14 955.65 074.415 090196 13032 72024 69051 67655 44642 20058 20089 70992 158176 839147 372182 92861 22016 59019 68335 949115 304FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
-2.57
-2.61
-1.71
(e) -1.47
Balance, % of imports
-9.43
-8.46
-5.87
(e) -4.64
Normalized balance
-0.049
-0.044
-0.030
(e) -0.024
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
62585659616263595457525652
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
2.193 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
23 161
36 887
38 864
40 835
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
79.58
87.53
95.22
89.38
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
7 861 006
9 596 908
10 530 328
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
13.48
5.78
4.10
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
12.86
9.49
8.29
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 6.02
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 19 November 2018