General profile: United Kingdom

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
66.037 Millions
0.741 GBP/US$
2 647 899 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
0.64 %
1.79 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-11.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
384 477
415 959
460 153
409 578
Merchandise imports
513 673
591 095
626 369
636 366
Merchandise trade balance
-129 196
-175 136
-166 216
-226 788
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
9 %9 %78 %78 %6 %6 %7 %7 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
61 56943 79726 46225 48522 90161 56943 79726 46225 48522 901
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
234 932
269 227
344 491
(e) 327 176
Services imports
173 761
184 402
210 409
(e) 198 653
Services trade balance
61 171
84 825
134 083
(e) 128 523
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
14.3
10.9
10.7
(e) 10.8
Travel
13.2
12.2
13.2
(e) 12.1
Other services
72.4
76.5
74.6
(e) 75.8
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
888894949191989887879292868678789494989811011099999393929296969898100100989896961001001011011001001011011031031031031051051061061061061041041031031021021011011001001001008894919887928678949811099939296981009896100101100101103103105106106104103102101100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
2 520 709
2 441 173
2 885 570
2 647 899
GDP per capita, current US$
41 653
38 416
43 958
40 097
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.10
1.69
2.35
1.79
Current account balance, % of GDP
-1.20
-2.75
-4.29
-4.46
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.550
0.647
0.655
0.741
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
65.619.217.027.429.165.619.217.027.429.1
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
-0.5 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
182 927.94
58 200.28
33 003.08
253 825.78
FDI outflows
88 560.32
48 091.80
-82 137.97
-12 613.52
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.24
0.20
0.18
0.19
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
5 003.45 003.45 003.45 003.44 932.34 932.34 804.54 804.54 944.74 944.75 099.05 099.04 951.44 951.45 243.05 243.05 995.15 995.16 556.36 556.36 105.76 105.76 045.26 045.25 920.05 920.05 030.05 030.04 490.04 490.04 820.04 820.03 610.03 610.0253 826253 82633 00333 00344 82144 82151 67651 67655 44655 44642 20042 20058 20058 20089 70989 70992 15892 158176 839176 839147 372147 372182 928182 92861 22061 22016 59016 59019 68319 68335 94935 949115 304115 3045 003.45 003.44 932.34 804.54 944.75 099.04 951.45 243.05 995.16 556.36 105.76 045.25 920.05 030.04 490.04 820.03 610.0253 82633 00344 82151 67655 44642 20058 20089 70992 158176 839147 372182 92861 22016 59019 68335 949115 304FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-2.62
-2.68
-1.63
(e) -2.05
Balance, % of imports
-9.63
-8.69
-5.64
(e) -6.87
Normalized balance
-0.051
-0.045
-0.029
(e) -0.036
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
585658616262595457525652
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
2.073 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
23 161
36 887
38 864
37 422
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
79.58
87.53
95.22
93.63
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
8 224 438
10 764 546
12 962 143
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
13.48
5.78
4.10
4.50
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
12.86
9.49
8.29
7.63
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(l) 6.02
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
l
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 18 April 2018