General profile: United States

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
327.906 Millions
1.000 USD/US$
18 661 687 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
1.26 %
1.60 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-3.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
901 082
1 278 495
1 502 572
1 454 607
Merchandise imports
1 732 706
1 969 184
2 315 301
2 251 351
Merchandise trade balance
-831 624
-690 689
-812 729
-796 744
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
8 %8 %74 %74 %7 %7 %11 %11 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
265 928230 959115 77563 26255 387265 928230 959115 77563 26255 387
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
373 006
563 333
750 860
(e) 752 411
Services imports
304 448
409 313
488 657
(e) 503 053
Services trade balance
68 558
154 020
262 203
(e) 249 358
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
14.1
12.7
11.6
(e) 11.2
Travel
27.2
24.3
27.2
(e) 27.5
Other services
56.6
60.4
57.9
(e) 57.7
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
155155151151150150145145140140135135129129114114123123122122114114105105102102969694949797100100100100979796969595959595959797999992929797969697971011011031031041041031031001001551511501451401351291141231221141051029694971001009796959595979992979697101103104103100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.6 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
13 177 641
15 062 753
18 139 554
18 661 687
GDP per capita, current US$
43 924
48 018
55 717
56 912
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.31
2.51
2.58
1.60
Current account balance, % of GDP
-5.66
-2.93
-2.67
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
68.114.420.312.915.768.114.420.312.915.7
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.6 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
104 773.00
198 049.00
348 402.00
391 104.00
FDI outflows
15 369.00
277 779.00
303 177.00
299 003.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
..
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
391 104391 104348 402348 402171 601171 601201 393201 393199 034199 034229 862229 862198 049198 049143 604143 604306 366306 366215 952215 952237 136237 136104 773104 773135 826135 82653 14653 14674 45774 457159 461159 461314 007314 007391 104348 402171 601201 393199 034229 862198 049143 604306 366215 952237 136104 773135 82653 14674 457159 461314 007FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-5.42
-3.28
-2.76
(e) -2.68
Balance, % of imports
-35.71
-21.06
-18.12
(e) -18.45
Normalized balance
-0.217
-0.118
-0.100
(e) -0.102
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
262830303131282430282625
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.633 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
11 658 360 000
12 791 814 000
11 279 843 000
11 435 306 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
87.62
83.80
96.74
98.70
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
42 337 513
(e) 46 488 523
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
14.26
10.56
9.43
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
13.67
14.22
13.80
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017