General profile: Thailand

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
69.800 Millions
31.294 THB/US$
499 669 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 510 890 km²
-0.85 %
-6.11 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-6.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
110 936
193 306
214 310
231 468
Merchandise imports
118 178
182 921
202 653
206 992
Merchandise trade balance
-7 241
10 385
11 657
24 477
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
11 %11 %71 %71 %4 %4 %14 %14 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
34 40229 75722 87811 29211 16834 40229 75722 87811 29211 168
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
19 925
34 340
58 082
31 703
Services imports
26 798
41 333
42 518
46 858
Services trade balance
-6 873
-6 993
15 564
-15 154
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
23.2
17.2
9.9
10.7
Travel
48.1
58.5
71.0
44.8
Other services
28.7
24.2
19.1
44.6
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
1031061091081031009695939289768583746762544745481029999101102100949492949898949595969594929199
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-6.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
189 318
341 105
401 296
499 669
GDP per capita, current US$
2 894
5 076
5 840
7 159
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.19
7.51
3.13
-6.11
Current account balance, % of GDP
-4.04
3.37
6.92
3.52
Exchange rate (/US$)
40.220
31.686
34.248
31.294
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
49.416.623.861.551.049.416.623.861.551.0
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
7 975.10
14 554.95
5 623.78
-6 099.73
FDI outflows
310.90
7 939.61
1 687.25
16 715.59
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.63
1.30
1.47
1.61
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
8 067.28 162.27 466.16 720.16 270.05 894.76 524.16 584.95 656.85 255.64 433.23 808.01 898.41 634.91 333.41 187.01 621.91 607.41 380.01 252.41 696.8-6 1003 06311 1447 8752 4915 6244 80915 4939 1351 37014 5555 3628 0549 1958 1827 9755 8595 2223 3555 0733 410FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-1.03
5.93
11.05
3.15
Balance, % of imports
-1.49
10.09
19.86
6.87
Normalized balance
-0.007
0.048
0.090
0.033
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
95107118118118122129129133134123116138130134137
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.323 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
4 382
3 747
5 366
6 701
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
41.44
41.98
51.54
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
6 818 527
9 463 000
10 213 905
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
23.43
18.93
16.61
16.12
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
17.37
14.18
13.88
15.01
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022