General profile: Syrian Arab Republic

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
17.501 Millions
-
(i) 18 808 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 183 630 km²
113.56 %
-11.70 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+71.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
8 708
12 796
(e) 1 600
868
Merchandise imports
10 862
17 562
(e) 5 500
5 418
Merchandise trade balance
-2 154
-4 765
(e) -3 900
-4 550
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
4 %4 %33 %33 %7 %7 %56 %56 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
4796964614347969646143
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
2 910
7 333
-
-
Services imports
2 359
3 533
-
-
Services trade balance
551
3 800
-
-
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
7.5
7.2
-
-
Travel
66.8
84.4
-
-
Other services
25.7
8.4
-
-
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
51303644110100125911605387717079278128347216635817165714839596959899100979897968983948986827065616065
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-11.7 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
28 397
60 465
19 090
(i) 18 808
GDP per capita, current US$
1 547
2 830
1 061
(i) 1 075
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
6.22
3.44
-6.13
-11.70
Current account balance, % of GDP
1.05
-0.61
(e) -15.48
(e) -13.86
Exchange rate (/US$)
53.049
46.172
237.029
-
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
59.712.128.532.332.659.712.128.532.332.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
583.00
1 469.20
..
..
FDI outflows
..
..
..
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
2.90
2.68
6.44
5.60
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 052.62 639.62 199.72 043.81 180.51 229.71 324.51 363.01 372.41 529.11 622.51 349.91 325.01 030.4795.0823.0855.08041 4692 5701 4661 242659583320160115110270FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
1.45
0.33
-
-
Balance, % of imports
3.70
1.01
-
-
Normalized balance
0.018
0.005
-
-
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
56656074777680
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
83%Male 83%Female
17%Female 17%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.004 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
649
344
61
82
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
15.31
16.38
8.83
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
-
-
-
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.00
0.02
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
3.29
2.22
..
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
i
Unreliable - bad quality.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022