General profile: Spain

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
46.755 Millions
0.876 EUR/US$
1 281 004 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 499 564 km²
-0.32 %
-10.84 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-8.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
192 644
254 418
282 274
307 015
Merchandise imports
288 786
327 016
311 851
324 994
Merchandise trade balance
-96 141
-72 598
-29 578
-17 979
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %71 %71 %4 %4 %20 %20 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
48 19533 80523 40622 62718 74848 19533 80523 40622 62718 748
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
92 857
114 502
121 511
89 976
Services imports
59 789
65 492
62 218
60 502
Services trade balance
33 067
49 010
59 292
29 474
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
-
(e) 14.0
11.5
17.9
Travel
56.0
51.4
51.4
20.5
Other services
-
(e) 34.6
37.1
61.6
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
99107105106105100939085858276818480777876737169102989810010110096979698102105100104103104107108108108108
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-10.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
1 153 257
1 420 722
1 195 119
1 281 004
GDP per capita, current US$
26 199
30 273
25 607
27 398
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.65
0.16
3.84
-10.84
Current account balance, % of GDP
-7.28
-3.68
2.02
0.71
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.754
0.901
0.876
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
57.318.920.834.931.957.318.920.834.931.9
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.7 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
25 020.18
39 872.51
8 558.22
8 928.41
FDI outflows
41 829.47
37 843.80
41 926.18
21 422.07
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.58
0.61
0.86
0.66
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
8 509.19 975.110 985.710 635.310 262.710 303.910 760.910 666.39 724.49 675.98 707.48 584.49 741.78 963.17 352.66 661.77 540.06 568.05 584.05 099.04 862.08 9288 51553 49541 96631 5698 55822 60128 35525 69628 37939 87310 40776 99364 26430 80225 02024 76125 81939 22328 40839 575FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-4.81
-1.02
3.04
1.49
Balance, % of imports
-16.16
-3.79
9.94
5.12
Normalized balance
-0.088
-0.019
0.047
0.025
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
60676867646464626159534756585655
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
56%Male 56%Female
44%Female 44%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.088 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
2 655
2 555
1 857
1 831
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
73.84
79.66
88.73
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
12 549 202
14 245 394
17 372 500
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.73
2.20
1.25
1.72
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
7.23
6.62
5.05
5.80
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 3.94
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022