General profile: Viet Nam

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
97.339 Millions
23 208.368 VND/US$
268 899 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 310 070 km²
3.22 %
2.91 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
32 442
72 237
162 065
282 725
Merchandise imports
36 761
84 839
165 610
262 620
Merchandise trade balance
-4 319
-12 602
-3 545
20 105
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
4 %4 %87 %87 %9 %9 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
77 07248 88019 26919 12510 43677 07248 88019 26919 12510 436
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
4 265
7 460
11 250
(e) 18 750
Services imports
4 450
9 902
16 015
(e) 17 046
Services trade balance
-185
-2 442
-4 765
(e) 1 704
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
27.4
31.0
22.3
-
Travel
53.9
59.7
65.3
-
Other services
18.7
9.3
12.3
-
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
175163151137115100877664544941393631262319171514104105103104104100989696969792928786837977737276
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
57 633
115 932
193 241
268 899
GDP per capita, current US$
687
1 318
2 085
2 763
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
7.55
6.42
6.68
2.91
Current account balance, % of GDP
-0.97
-3.69
-1.06
4.64
Exchange rate (/US$)
15 858.917
18 612.917
21 697.568
23 208.368
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
68.26.526.8106.8103.668.26.526.8106.8103.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
1 954.00
8 000.00
11 800.00
(j) 15 800.00
FDI outflows
65.00
900.00
1 100.00
380.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
7.12
6.73
6.40
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
17 200.017 000.016 000.015 000.014 000.013 000.012 000.011 000.010 000.08 600.08 260.06 020.06 805.015 80016 12015 50014 10012 60011 8009 2008 9008 3687 5198 0007 6009 5796 9812 4001 9541 6101 4501 4001 3001 289FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-4.55
-6.54
1.35
(e) 8.02
Balance, % of imports
-6.67
-8.68
1.53
(e) 7.71
Normalized balance
-0.035
-0.045
0.008
(e) 0.037
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
216211209204185178169163154158144128154157140132
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
52%Male 52%Female
48%Female 48%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.442 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
2 126
5 415
7 373
9 165
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
33.67
45.82
62.50
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
2.77
7.91
29.37
38.76
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
6.12
8.40
21.13
30.63
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
j
Asset/liability basis.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

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Generation date: 05 January 2022