General profile: Poland

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
37.847 Millions
3.900 PLN/US$
594 431 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 306 190 km²
3.40 %
-2.68 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
89 437
159 724
199 124
271 059
Merchandise imports
101 639
178 049
196 473
257 177
Merchandise trade balance
-12 201
-18 325
2 651
13 882
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %80 %80 %14 %14 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
73 51315 03014 56814 19110 78373 51315 03014 56814 19110 783
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
18 036
34 708
44 108
67 007
Services imports
14 946
29 746
32 048
40 202
Services trade balance
3 090
4 963
12 060
26 805
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
29.7
23.9
25.8
28.4
Travel
35.0
27.2
23.3
11.6
Other services
25.4
41.7
40.5
50.0
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
12212011511010410093867978746671676051463734302710198989910010098989899102104101102102103105103104102100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-2.7 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
306 146
479 834
477 812
594 431
GDP per capita, current US$
7 979
12 519
12 563
15 706
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.51
3.74
4.24
-2.68
Current account balance, % of GDP
-2.89
-5.56
-0.91
3.46
Exchange rate (/US$)
3.235
3.015
3.770
3.900
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
57.518.019.755.550.857.518.019.755.550.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
8 203.22
12 796.27
15 270.83
10 079.56
FDI outflows
1 346.74
6 147.18
4 995.54
1 820.92
Personal remittances, % of GDP
2.11
1.61
1.43
1.00
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
5 930.06 501.07 112.06 933.06 764.06 834.07 468.07 457.07 041.07 768.07 712.08 174.010 475.010 468.08 486.06 471.010 08010 85315 9969 17215 69015 27114 2692 73412 42415 92512 79610 03912 28319 83614 5778 20312 1403 9824 0305 5799 445FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-1.30
-2.29
2.71
6.89
Balance, % of imports
-3.62
-5.42
5.85
14.03
Normalized balance
-0.018
-0.028
0.028
0.066
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
1051061071051009594918987827682817871
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
55%Male 55%Female
45%Female 45%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.005 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
101
131
117
97
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
25.91
43.73
56.53
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 054 000
1 860 800
2 904 684
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.98
9.63
8.12
7.22
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
7.92
9.81
9.79
10.11
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022