General profile: Peru

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
32.972 Millions
3.494 PEN/US$
200 479 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 1 280 000 km²
1.83 %
-11.10 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-11.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
17 368
35 803
34 415
42 411
Merchandise imports
12 502
30 030
37 924
36 129
Merchandise trade balance
4 866
5 773
-3 509
6 282
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
14 %14 %10 %10 %5 %5 %48 %48 %22 %22 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
12 3035 6132 7592 2831 69712 3035 6132 7592 2831 697
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
(e) 2 291
(e) 3 693
(e) 6 324
(e) 3 314
Services imports
3 147
6 050
8 385
(e) 7 446
Services trade balance
(e) -856
(e) -2 357
(e) -2 061
(e) -4 133
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
19.6
23.1
21.8
(e) 22.6
Travel
57.1
54.4
52.3
(e) 24.0
Other services
23.2
22.5
25.9
(e) 53.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
133135135132118100939410210493818191896959474339371141051071071001001071131211241159598111105817667656161
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-11.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
76 080
147 528
189 803
200 479
GDP per capita, current US$
2 730
5 082
6 229
6 080
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
6.29
8.33
3.25
-11.10
Current account balance, % of GDP
1.51
-2.42
-5.02
(e) 0.75
Exchange rate (/US$)
3.296
2.825
3.184
3.494
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
64.613.320.924.222.964.613.320.924.222.9
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
2 578.72
8 454.63
8 313.97
981.75
FDI outflows
..
436.27
189.08
503.48
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.89
1.72
1.44
1.47
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
2 938.03 325.93 224.83 051.22 883.92 725.12 636.52 707.22 788.02 697.02 533.92 408.72 443.62 130.81 837.51 440.11 132.7868.5705.4753.2717.79828 0556 9676 8606 7398 3143 9309 82613 6227 6828 4556 4316 9245 4913 4672 5791 5991 3352 1561 144810FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
(e) 6.21
(e) 3.43
(e) -2.43
(e) 1.80
Balance, % of imports
(e) 31.66
(e) 14.68
(e) -10.16
(e) 8.59
Normalized balance
(e) 0.137
(e) 0.068
(e) -0.054
(e) 0.041
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
44474847454547495254504757545045
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.025 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
148
318
547
511
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
22.79
30.77
40.07
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 522 741
2 158 722
2 601 411
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.24
0.08
0.15
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
8.35
7.50
9.58
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022