General profile: New Zealand

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
4.822 Millions
1.542 NZD/US$
209 128 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 263 310 km²
1.71 %
-1.30 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-1.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
21 730
31 396
34 355
38 919
Merchandise imports
26 219
30 617
36 554
37 152
Merchandise trade balance
-4 489
780
-2 198
1 767
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
4 %4 %19 %19 %10 %10 %67 %67 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
10 7905 2864 2962 3121 11110 7905 2864 2962 3121 111
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
10 139
11 558
14 940
(e) 11 714
Services imports
8 399
10 225
12 027
(e) 11 226
Services trade balance
1 740
1 332
2 914
(e) 488
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
17.0
15.7
12.8
(e) 10.7
Travel
63.8
56.4
62.7
(e) 52.9
Other services
(e) 17.6
25.4
23.3
(e) 34.7
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
11911711311210310010091838579707570636161545251461131101091091001001049991979384948782828177768074
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-1.3 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
114 721
146 584
177 468
209 128
GDP per capita, current US$
27 741
33 543
38 458
43 368
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.32
0.96
4.25
-1.30
Current account balance, % of GDP
-6.99
-2.34
-2.69
-0.87
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.420
1.388
1.434
1.542
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
57.319.123.327.627.457.319.123.327.627.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.4 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
1 204.70
-61.62
-308.93
4 216.44
FDI outflows
-1 339.18
715.51
-58.58
879.99
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.31
0.25
0.30
0.19
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
396.7497.0520.4540.0528.1531.7535.1459.2461.8455.3370.5331.0421.4383.7334.7352.0322.3290.44 2164 2782 3972 4292 844-3092 4371 8623 5044 238-627013 1233 5893 7061 2051 440-2 7881 752-2501 347FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-1.13
2.27
0.89
(e) 1.19
Balance, % of imports
-3.89
8.33
3.31
(e) 5.21
Normalized balance
-0.020
0.040
0.016
(e) 0.025
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
47565653525555555759575665575957
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
53%Male 53%Female
47%Female 47%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.010 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
173
327
164
211
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
19.18
22.01
28.68
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
2 330 722
3 119 000
3 174 304
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
1.70
1.20
1.08
1.00
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
9.59
8.32
7.84
8.21
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
2.15
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

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Generation date: 05 January 2022