General profile: Malaysia

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
32.366 Millions
4.203 MYR/US$
336 666 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 328 550 km²
-1.14 %
-5.59 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-1.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
141 626
198 612
199 952
234 127
Merchandise imports
114 324
164 622
175 971
189 856
Merchandise trade balance
27 301
33 990
23 981
44 272
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %73 %73 %11 %11 %4 %4 %10 %10 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
37 77433 91126 00316 23614 71837 77433 91126 00316 23614 718
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
19 750
34 676
34 937
21 859
Services imports
21 956
32 645
40 169
33 283
Services trade balance
-2 206
2 032
-5 232
-11 424
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
20.5
14.1
12.0
14.6
Travel
44.8
52.3
50.6
13.7
Other services
33.8
25.5
30.2
56.0
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
11911611711299100979290918879103101100878171655963999897989710010310310510610098112105101949394929292
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-5.6 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
143 534
255 018
301 355
336 666
GDP per capita, current US$
5 587
9 041
9 955
10 402
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
5.33
7.42
5.09
-5.59
Current account balance, % of GDP
13.92
10.06
3.01
4.26
Exchange rate (/US$)
3.787
3.221
3.906
4.203
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
59.811.721.065.257.859.811.721.065.257.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.8 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
4 065.39
9 059.98
10 082.45
3 482.70
FDI outflows
3 075.45
13 399.19
10 545.85
2 827.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.78
0.43
0.55
0.43
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 454.01 638.21 685.61 648.91 603.91 643.71 579.51 423.41 293.81 211.51 102.91 130.91 329.11 556.21 365.53 4837 8137 6189 39911 33610 08210 87712 1169 23912 1989 0601 4537 1728 5956 0604 0654 6242 4733 2035543 788FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
22.07
16.07
8.39
7.02
Balance, % of imports
24.48
22.75
13.74
12.88
Normalized balance
0.109
0.102
0.064
0.061
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
116122129132126131137142147154157162176191201202
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
63%Male 63%Female
37%Female 37%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.502 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
8 708
10 225
9 580
10 392
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
72.13
90.93
99.21
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
16 842 919
24 012 700
26 663 533
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
43.39
34.01
30.05
34.78
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
38.04
29.80
24.01
26.94
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
7.27
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

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Generation date: 05 January 2022