General profile: China, Macao SAR

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
0.649 Millions
7.989 MOP/US$
24 092 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 30 km²
0.81 %
-55.70 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-14.6 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
2 476
870
1 339
1 353
Merchandise imports
4 514
5 629
10 603
11 586
Merchandise trade balance
-2 038
-4 760
-9 264
-10 232
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
4 %4 %91 %91 %4 %4 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
982105863118982105863118
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
7 787
23 715
33 404
(e) 10 607
Services imports
1 504
2 533
4 072
(e) 3 201
Services trade balance
6 283
21 182
29 331
(e) 7 406
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
5.1
2.1
1.7
(e) 1.1
Travel
88.9
93.9
93.1
(e) 82.2
Other services
4.5
3.9
5.1
(e) 16.6
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
971141071059510087797058637214019520520724523622721823597989810010010098989899999895100103105108112117116114
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-55.7 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
12 092
28 124
45 362
24 092
GDP per capita, current US$
25 043
52 253
75 340
37 101
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
8.06
25.26
-21.59
-55.70
Current account balance, % of GDP
23.79
39.08
23.18
-
Exchange rate (/US$)
8.011
8.002
7.985
7.989
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
25.410.414.283.533.425.410.414.283.533.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
1 243.28
2 831.34
1 037.33
3 513.85
FDI outflows
60.14
-441.38
-876.15
509.78
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.44
0.17
0.09
0.09
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
21.621.622.825.427.639.536.948.746.948.346.948.451.654.455.553.253.347.73 5146 6902 4971 2541 9591 0373 4564 5863 8947262 8318522 5912 3051 7361 243485412378160-0.790FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
32.60
55.17
38.33
(e) -11.73
Balance, % of imports
62.37
169.09
96.71
(e) -19.12
Normalized balance
0.238
0.458
0.326
(e) -0.106
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
111116116114111118118121124123120114127131130137
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
52%Male 52%Female
48%Female 48%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
..
2
2
2
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
..
..
..
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
2.83
4.60
6.42
19.17
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
9.70
12.63
13.73
9.06
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022