General profile: Kazakhstan

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
18.777 Millions
412.953 KZT/US$
164 788 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 2 699 700 km²
6.80 %
-2.60 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-19.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
27 849
59 971
45 956
46 447
Merchandise imports
17 353
31 107
30 568
37 222
Merchandise trade balance
10 496
28 864
15 388
9 226
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
0 %0 %16 %16 %61 %61 %17 %17 %6 %6 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
6 5306 4274 7173 4832 7676 5306 4274 7173 4832 767
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
2 087
4 119
6 177
5 032
Services imports
7 521
11 369
10 898
8 096
Services trade balance
-5 434
-7 250
-4 720
-3 064
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
49.1
55.4
56.9
66.7
Travel
33.6
24.4
26.4
9.1
Other services
17.3
20.0
15.6
21.8
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
941191251058210015816716716112896150114987659423430309011312310689100142151152153131108144122117998069646368
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-2.6 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
57 124
148 047
184 388
164 788
GDP per capita, current US$
3 709
9 109
10 493
8 776
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
9.70
7.30
1.20
-2.60
Current account balance, % of GDP
-1.81
0.94
-3.26
-3.81
Exchange rate (/US$)
132.880
147.355
221.728
412.953
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
52.09.126.836.227.752.09.126.836.227.7
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
-1.2 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
1 971.22
11 550.72
4 056.61
3 877.37
FDI outflows
-147.86
7 885.48
795.17
-2 028.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.11
0.15
0.16
0.23
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
374.4506.1618.0560.4384.2294.3401.4341.4283.0179.7225.6198.2125.6143.083.662.057.442.2111.285.067.53 8772 8743 6284 6698 5114 0578 48910 32113 33713 97311 55113 24314 32211 1196 2781 9714 1572 0922 5902 8351 283FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
8.29
13.77
3.63
4.76
Balance, % of imports
18.60
46.06
15.17
17.82
Normalized balance
0.085
0.187
0.070
0.082
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
58646357575164657273747594929197
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
51%Male 51%Female
49%Female 49%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.007 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
20
91
156
155
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
..
..
..
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.06
0.05
0.19
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.03
4.97
4.89
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022